Automotive Technology Trends and High Performance Polymers
Explore the latest trends in automotive technology and discover how polymers are being used to enhance vehicle performance. Discover the advantages of high performance TPE and how it's being used in the automotive industry.
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About Automotive Technology Trends and High Performance Polymers
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1. www.distrupol.com High performance TPE in Automotive?
2. www.distrupol.com 2 Trends in Automotive Technology Yesteryears You can have any colour as long as it is black
3. www.distrupol.com 3 Today Trends in Automotive Technology
4. www.distrupol.com 4 Use of Polymer in Cars 11.2% (142Kg) of total weight, (excluding tires). Source: BMW 31.90% 51.10% 5.80% 10.80% 10.40% Body Interior Drive Chassis E&E
5. www.distrupol.com 5 Facts and Figures Over 2 millions tonnes of Plastics in Europe alone. The most widely specified material. More than 1000 plastics parts. On average, 100kg of plastics replaces 200- 300Kg of conventional materials. E.g. 4.2Kg lighter in Engine cover and 5Kg in Fuel tanks. Cuts oil consumption by 12 million tonnes and reduce CO 2 emissions by 30 millions tonnes/p.a. just in Western Europe.
6. www.distrupol.com 6 The future Trends in Automotive Technology
7. www.distrupol.com 7 Reduce exhaust emissions. Better fuel economy. Improved safety. Increase comfort and convenience. Reduce weight Vs functionality. Reduce COST!!!! Trends in Automotive Technology
8. www.distrupol.com 8 European Union Directive 2000/53/EC End of Life Vehicle 8 to 9 million tonnes of waste every year. 8 to 9 million tonnes of waste every year. Trends in Automotive Technology Design and Manufacture for Re-use, Re-cycle and Re-covery. Reduction and Control of Hazardous substances.
9. www.distrupol.com 9 Noticeable shift from: Thermosets to Thermoplastics. Amorphous to Crystalline polymers. Moderate to High temperature materials. Approx. 25% increase in volume of Plastics. Trends in Automotive Technology
10. www.distrupol.com 10 What is a TPE or TPR? Stiffness Vs. Temperature E-modulus Thermoset Thermoplastic Thermoset Elastomer Thermoplastic Elastomer Room temperature
11. www.distrupol.com 11 Rubbers Plastics 150 50 70 90 100 110 120 130 140 Rockwell R 150 5 70 90 100 110 120 130 140 Rockwell R 150 50 70 90 100 110 120 130 140 Rockwell R 30 40 60 70 80 Shore D 50 10 100 Flexural Modulus (MPa) 1000 Shore A 80 95 80 95 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 95 90 Polypropylene Elastic Band Scales
12. www.distrupol.com 12 Sarlink* from DSM PP + Crossed linked EPDM rubber. Shore 40A to 50D. Low density. Fluid resistance comparable to GP polychloroprene rubber. Excellent fogging properties with low VOCs emission. Easy to colour. Two-shots with Polyolefins. Hydraulic engine mount heat shield Bellows & Dust covers
13. www.distrupol.com 13 Alcryn* from APA Melt process-able rubber. Shore 55 to 80A. Outstanding UV and Ozone resistance. Oil, Grease and Fuel resistance. Elastic properties of nature rubber. Two-shots with PVC, ABS, PC. Tail light housing Corner mouldings
14. www.distrupol.com 14 Elastollan* from Elastogran Thermoplastic Polyurethane. Shore 55A to 74D. Polyester & Polyether types. UL94-VO:Halogen free. Transparent grades. Two-shots with ABS, PA, PBT, PC. New Aliphatic TPU with improved hydrolysis and UV resistance. Cable connection Gear lever noise & vibration damping
15. www.distrupol.com 15 Hytrel* from Du Pont Thermoplastic Polyester Copolymer Ether Ester. Shore 30 to 82D. Excellent flex fatigue. Noise & vibration damping. High tensile & tear strengths. Heat resistance. Two-shot with PBT, ETPV*. Combustion Air Swirl Generator Trucks Auxiliary Springs
16. www.distrupol.com 16 Two-shots Bond strength? Tensile Adhesive Strength (MPA) Alcryn* 2160 Elastollan* 1180A ETPV* 90A01 Nylon 1.45 7 3.3 PBT 1.2 7 6.8 30% GR PET No data No data 6.6 TPC-ET No data 8 7.1 PC 4.12 7 No data PC/ABS 4.72 4 No data ABS 5.48 7 No data
17. www.distrupol.com 17 Finally introducing. DuPont ETPV engineering thermoplastic vulcanizates Description: a high performance cross-linked elastomer dispersed in: a high performance thermoplastic elastomer Recycling code (ISO 11469): > AEM + TPC - ET < AEM = ethylene acrylic elastomer TPC - ET = thermoplastic ether ester elastomer
18. www.distrupol.com 18 DuPont ETPV is a thermoplastic elastomer in the shore A range that resists >150 o C in air for 3.000 hours (retains >50% of elongation at break & tensile strength) in combination with good oil resistance. The thermoplastic elastomer brings: Excellent oil and grease resistance Excellent flexural resistance Allows usage on standard thermoplastic processing equipment Significant cost savings versus cross-linked rubber Excellent oil and heat resistance Recyclability The combination of these materials brings : Heat resistance Low hardness Creep- and compression set resistance The cross-linked elastomer brings: ETPV*
19. www.distrupol.com 19 Tensile strength after ageing in air at 150C 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 DuPont ETPV 60A01L NC010 DuPont ETPV 60A01HSL BK001 DuPont ETPV 90A01 NC010 DuPont ETPV 90A01HS BK001 Tensile strength (MPa) 0h 1000h 2000h 3000h ETPV*
20. www.distrupol.com 20 Epichlorohydrine (ECO) 300C 275C 250C 225 C 200C 150C 175C 125C 100C 75C 50C J H G F E D C B A Type No req. 140% 120% 100% 80% 50% 30% 20% 10% Class A B C D E F G H I DuPont ETPV Vamac Kalrez Viton Fluorosilicone Polyacrylate (ACM) HNBR Hytrel Alcryn Nitrile (NBR) Silicone Silicone (HS) EVA (high VA) Ethylene-propylene Sarlink Butyl Geolast SBR & NR EPDM Hypalon Olefinic TPE Neoprene Oil Resistance (% swell in ASTM #3 Oil) Heat Resistance ASTM D2000 / SAE J200 Specifications. N.b. The purpose of this chart is to give a general overview. Formulation may affect compound performance . ETPV*
21. www.distrupol.com 21 Automotive body plugs with excellent resistance to heat and chemicals Zytel 70G30 DuPont ETPV 90A01 NC010 Oil reservoir cover with integrated seal Formed to fit, this fuel vent tube is scheduled for production in a 2005 model North American car. Ignition Coil boot Better Fuel Vent Tubes Applications
22. www.distrupol.com 22 Automotive air ducts with excellent flexibility, oil and Chemical resistance, and performance at 150C New design ~0.5 kg ~1kg Part weight Hard segments may be made in Hytrel BM6574 BK316 Opportunity for DuPont ETPV Rubber Conventional design PA 15% GR Rubber What about?
23. www.distrupol.com 23 What about?
24. www.distrupol.com 24 Benefits Vs Rubber Fast Thermoplastic processing. Standard thermoplastics equipments. No post mould curing of parts. Supplied in form ready to use . No plasticizers. Lower density. Often lower material price Vs. high performance rubbers. Recyclable. Lower production costs. Thermoplastic processors to enter new markets. Higher productivity. Higher quality consistency. Performance not change by migration & no contamination. Lighter components. Lower production costs. Use of regrinds. Meets environmental requirements.
25. www.distrupol.com 25 The future Trends in Automotive Technology
26. www.distrupol.com A Polymer for Every Application