Tinea (Ringworm) - PDF Document

Presentation Transcript

  1. Tinea (Ringworm) What is Ringworm? Ringworm of the body is a fungal infection that develops on the top layer of your skin. It's characterized by a red circular rash with clearer skin in the middle. It may or may not itch. Also called tinea corporis, ringworm of the body is closely related to athlete's foot (tinea pedis), and ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis). Ringworm gets its name because of its appearance; there is no actual worm involved. How is Ringworm spread? Ringworm is a contagious fungal infection caused by mold-like parasites that live on the cells in the outer layer of your skin. It can be spread in the following ways: • Human to human - Ringworm often spreads by direct, skin-to-skin contact with an infected person. • Animal to human- You can contract ringworm by touching an animal with ringworm. Ringworm can spread while petting or grooming dogs or cats. It's also fairly common in cows. • Object to human - Ringworm can spread by contact with objects or surfaces that an infected person or animal has recently touched or rubbed against, such as clothing, towels, bedding and linens, combs, and brushes. • Soil to human - In rare cases, ringworm can be spread to humans by contact with infected soil. Infection would most likely occur only from prolonged contact with highly infected soil. Symptoms: Ringworm typically begins as a flat scaly area on the skin, which may be red and itchy. This patch develops a slightly raised border that expands outward — forming a roughly circular ring. The contours of the ring may be quite irregular, resembling the wavy outline of a snake or a worm. The interior of the ring may be clear, scaly or marked with a scattering of red bumps. In some people, several rings develop at the same time and may overlap. School Exclusion Policy: Children with ringworm do not require exclusion from school if they can keep the infected area completely covered by clothing or a bandage. If the area cannot be completely covered the student must be excluded until treatment has begun. Ringworm on the scalp usually needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medication taken by mouth for 1 to 3 months. Creams, lotions, or powders don’t work for ringworm on the scalp. Resources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)