Risk Factors for Falls - PDF Document

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  1. FACT SHEET Risk Factors for Falls Research has identified many risk factors that contribute to falling—some of these are modifiable. Risks factors are categorized as intrinsic or extrinsic: Most falls are caused by the interaction of multiple risk factors. The more risk factors a person has, the greater his/her chances of falling. Healthcare providers can lower a person’s risk by reducing or minimizing that individual’s risk factors. INTRINSIC| Factors • Advanced age • Previous falls • Muscle weakness • Gait & balance problems • Poor vision • Postural hypotension What healthcare providers can do • Chronic conditions including arthritis, stroke, incontinence, diabetes, Parkinson’s, dementia To prevent falls, providers should talk to their patients about their health goals. Then, determine which modifiable fall risk factors can be addressed to help them meet their goals. • Fear of falling Effective clinical and community interventions exist for the following fall risk factors: EXTRINSIC| Factors • • Lack of stair handrails • Poor stair design • Lack of bathroom grab bars • Dim lighting or glare • Obstacles & tripping hazards • Slippery or uneven surfaces • Psychoactive medications • Improper use of assistive device Vestibular disorder/poor balance Vitamin D insufficiency Medications linked to falls Postural hypotension Vision impairment Foot or ankle disorder Home hazards • • • • • • CDC’s STEADI tools and resources can help you screen, assess, and intervene to reduce your patient’s fall risk. For more information, visit www.cdc.gov/steadi. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths & Injuries 2017 2017