Present - PDF Document

Presentation Transcript

  1. MT-ECS-18B May 2010 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE Present - Forage, Roughage and Livestock Balance Worksheet (EXAMPLE) 1/25/2010 Producer: Planned by: Date: Present Forage Availability and Grazing Needs - Page 1 Section B: TABLE 1. Present Grazing and Harvested Roughage Available. Acres 6229.0 533.0 Forage Source Rangeland Dryland Pasture Total AUMs 969.0 189.0 Harvested Roughage Acres Total Tons Total AUMs 561.7 Hay Source #1 Hay Source #2 341.0 257 290.0 316.9 145 Irrigated Pasture Silage Hayland Aftermath Crop Aftermath Leased Grazing 341.0 59.0 68.0 12.0 Other: 402 (2) TOTAL 878.7 Other Excess to be sold: 7162.0 (1) TOTAL 1238.0 Excess to emergency reserve: TABLE 2. Present Forage and Harvested Roughage Balance. AUMs from Forage (1) 1238.0 Animal Units by Month Available from Forage: _= AUMs from Roughage (2) 878.7 AUMs Forage (1) 1238 / # Months Grazed 8.5 145.6 AUs Total AUMs (3) 2116.7 Total AUMs (3) from Forage and Roughage by Month 2116.7 /12 Months= 176.4 AUs (4) Present Animal Units by Month Available from Roughage: _= AUMs Roughage (2) 251.1 878.7 / # Months fed 3.5 AUs TABLE 3. Grazing Needs Inventory (Livestock and Wildlife) AUs by MONTH (5) Kind and Class of Animal, Including Wildlife TOTAL AUMs Sep Oct Nov Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Dec AUs Animal AUE Number 107.8 107.8 107.8 1.40 77.0 754.6 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 Cow/calf * 83.2 1.08 77.0 416.0 83.2 83.2 83.2 83.2 83.2 Cow, dry * * Yearlings * * * 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 0.90 20.0 216.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 Heifers * * * 13.6 13.6 13.6 1.70 8.0 163.2 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 Bull, m ature 0.17 Ewes Lam bs, weaned 0.12 0.25 Ram s 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 1.25 5.0 75.6 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 Horse 0.17 Deer 0.50 Elk 0.13 Antelope 64.8 64.8 64.8 1.20 54.0 453.6 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 Young cow/calf 49.1 49.1 0.91 54.0 245.5 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 Young cow/dry 210.5 210.5 170.2 2324.5 170.2 170.2 170.2 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 170.2 TOTAL Notes: The general rule of thumb for animal unit month (AUM) forage requirements for a 1000 pound cow is 915 pounds. Reference: NRPH, Chapter 6. * For lactating cows, use a 0.1 of an animal unit per 100# of body weight plus 0.1 for the calf to figure AUE. (For example, A 1200# cow with calf would be 1.3 AU). ** For a dry cow, multiply the AU factor of the cow, without the .1 added in for the calf, by .83 to get the AUE. (For example, A 1200# cow would be 1.2 x .83 = 1 AU). *** For yearling cattle and heifers, Figure 0.1 of an AU per 100# of body weight. (For example, A 950# yearling would be 0.95 AU). Page 1

  2. MT-ECS-18B UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE May 2010 Present - FORAGE, ROUGHAGE AND LIVESTOCK BALANCE WORKSHEET (EXAMPLE) Section B: Present Forage Availability and Grazing Needs - Page 2 TABLE 4. Production vs. Needs. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Total Grazable AUMs Available(1) per month 145.6 72.8 145.6 145.6 145.6 145.6 145.6 145.6 145.6 1237.6 Total Roughage AUMs Available(2) per month Total AUMs Needed (5) per month 125.5 251.1 251.1 251.1 878.8 170.2 170.2 170.2 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 170.2 170.2 2324.5 -24.6 28.1 80.9 40.6 40.6 -64.9 -64.9 -64.9 -64.9 -64.9 -24.6 -24.6 -208.1 Balance + or - There is currently enough roughage for the 3.5 months fed. 3.5 months is not long enough for most winters. More grazing AUMs are needed. NOTES: TABLE 5. Wildlife Use Information. Wildlife Species Present: Key Areas for: Field(s) Acres Months of Use Additional Information Foraging Hiding Cover Thermal Cover Riparian Areas Calving/Fawning Strutting Grounds Other Page 2

  3. MT-ECS-18B May 2010 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE Planned - Forage, Roughage and Livestock Balance Worksheet (EXAMPLE) Rancher Joe Planned by: Range Con Luhan 1/25/2010 Producer: Date: Section B: Planned Forage Availability and Grazing Needs - Page 3 TABLE 6. Planned Grazing and Harvested Roughage Available After Conservation Practices. Forage Source Acres Rangeland 6229.0 533.0 Total AUMs 1096.0 189.0 Harvested Roughage Hay Source #1 Hay Source #2 Silage Total AUMs Acres Total Tons 341.0 290.0 257 561.7 145 Dryland Pasture Irrigated Pasture Hayland Aftermath 316.9 341.0 59.0 68.0 12.0 Other: Crop Aftermath Leased Grazing 125.0 Other 1490.0 631 402 (6) (7) 7162.0 TOTAL 878.7 TOTAL TABLE 7. Planned Forage and Harvested Roughage Balance After Conservation Practices. AUMs from Forage (6) 1490.0 Animal Units by Month Available from Forage: _= 878.7 AUMs from Roughage (7) 1490 AUMs Forage (6) / # Months Grazed 7.5 198.7 AUs 2368.7 Total AUMs (8) Total AUMs (8) 2368.7 / 12 Months = 197.4 AUs (9) Present Animal Units by Month Available from Roughage: AUMs Roughage (7) _= from Forage and Roughage by Month / # Months fed 878.7 4.5 195.3 AUs TABLE 8. Planned Stocking Rates to Balance Livestock with Forage Resources by Month Kind and Class of Animal, Including Wildlife AUs by MONTH (10) TOTAL AUMs Sep Oct Nov Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Dec Animal AUE Number AUs 1.40 77.0 107.8 754.6 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 Cow/calf * 1.08 77.0 83.2 416.0 83.2 83.2 83.2 83.2 83.2 Cow, dry * * Yearlings * * * 0.90 20.0 18.0 216.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 Heifers * * * 1.70 8.0 13.6 163.2 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6 Bull, m ature 0.17 Ewes Lam bs, weaned 0.12 0.25 Ram s 1.25 5.0 6.3 75.6 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 Horse 0.17 Deer 0.50 Elk 0.13 Antelope 1.20 54.0 64.8 453.6 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 Young cow/calf 0.91 54.0 49.1 245.5 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 Young cow/dry 170.2 2324.5 170.2 170.2 170.2 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 170.2 TOTAL Notes: The general rule of thumb for animal unit month (AUM) forage requirements for a 1000 pound cow is 915 pounds. Reference: NRPH Chapter 6. * For lactating cows, use a 0.1 of an animal unit per 100# of body weight plus 0.1 for the calf to figure AUE. (For example, A 1200# cow with calf would be 1.3 AU). ** For a dry cow, multiply the AU factor of the cow, without the .1 added in for the calf, by .83 to get the AUE. (For example, A 1200# cow would be 1.2 x .83 = 1 AU). *** For yearling cattle and heifers, Figure 0.1 of an AU per 100# of body weight. (For example, A 950# yearling would be 0.95 AU). Page 3

  4. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE MT-ECS-18B May 2010 Planned - FORAGE, ROUGHAGE AND LIVESTOCK BALANCE WORKSHEET (EXAMPLE) Section B: Planned Forage Availability and Grazing Needs - Page 4 TABLE 9. Production vs. Needs. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Total Grazable AUMs Available (6) per month Total Roughage AUMs Available (7) per month 99.3 198.7 198.7 198.7 198.7 198.7 198.7 198.7 1490.2 97.6 195.3 195.3 195.3 195.3 878.8 Total AUMs Needed (9) per month 170.2 170.2 170.2 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 210.5 170.2 170.2 2324.5 26.7 25.1 25.1 -15.2 -15.2 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 28.5 28.5 44.5 Balance + or - The producer had enough roughage to increase feeding by one month. Stock water development increasd the graziability of the big pasture by 100 AUMs. With the current stocking rate 125 AUMs are still needed. The producer is able to lease 125 AUM from his cousin. NOTES: TABLE 10. Wildlife Use Information. Wildlife Species Present: Key Areas for: Additional Information Field(s) Acres Months of Use Foraging Hiding Cover Thermal Cover Riparian Areas Calving/Fawning Strutting Grounds Other Page 4