POSTERIOR CAPSULAR SHIFT REHABILITATION PROTOCOL - PDF Document

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  1.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457    POSTERIOR CAPSULAR SHIFT REHABILITATION PROTOCOL The goal of this rehabilitation program is to return the patient/athlete to their activity/sport as quickly and safely as possible while maintaining a stable shoulder. This program is based on shoulder anatomy, biomechanics and the healing constrains of the surgical procedure. The posterior capsular shift procedure is one where the orthopedic surgeon makes an incision into the ligamentous capsule of the posterior shoulder then pulls the capsule tighter and sutures it together. PHASE I: PROTECTION PHASE (WEEK 0-5) GOALS: •Allow healing of sutured capsule •Initiate early protected range of motion •Retard muscular atrophy •Decrease pain/inflammation WEEK 0-4: EXERCISES: •Gripping exercises with putty •Active elbow flexion/extension and pronation/supination •AROM cervical spine •PROM progressing to AAROM as tolerated for: -ER to 45° -Abduction to 90° •Submaximal shoulder isometrics: -Flexion -Abduction -Extension -External rotation The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution 

  2.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457  *in general all exercises begin with 1 set of 10 repetitions and should increase by 1 set of 10 repetitions daily as tolerated to 5 sets of 10 repetitions *ICE: •Ice before and after exercises for 20 minutes •Ice up to 20 minutes per hour to control pain and swelling CRITERIA FOR HOSPITAL DISCHARGE: 1.Passive shoulder ROM 90° abduction/45° ER 2.Minimal pain and swelling 3.“Good” proximal and distal muscle power WEEK 4-6 GOALS: •Gradual increase in ROM •Normalize arthrokinematics •Improve strength •Decrease pain/inflammation 1.ROM exercises •T-bar active assisted exercises •ER from 45° to 90° shoulder abduction •Shoulder abduction to tolerance •Shoulder flexion to 90° •Rope and pulley •Shoulder flexion to 90° *all exercises should be preformed to tolerance *take to the point of pain and/or tolerance and hold (5 seconds) GENTLE SELF CAPSULAR STRETCHES 2.Gentle joint mobilizations to reestablish normal •Arthrokinematics and Scapulothoracic joint The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution 

  3.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457  •Glenohumeral joint – avoid posterior glides •Sternoclavicular joint 3.Strengthening exercises •Active abduction to 90° •Active ER neutral to 90° •Elbow/wrist PRE program 4.Conditioning program for: •Trunk •Lower extremities •Cardiovascular endurance 5.Decrease pain/inflammation •Ice, NSAID, modalities PHASE II- INTERMEDIATE PHASE (WEEK 6-12) GOALS: •Full, non-painful ROM at week 8 (except IR) •Normalize arthrokinematics •Increase strength •Improve neuromuscular control WEEK 6-9 1.ROM exercises •T-bar active assisted exercises •ER to tolerance •Shoulder abduction to tolerance •Shoulder flexion to tolerance •Rope & pulley: flexion and abduction 2.Continue Joint Mobilization 3.Strengthening exercises The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution 

  4.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457  •Tubing for IR/ER at 0° abduction •Initiate isotonce dumbbell program oShoulder Abduction oShoulder Flexion oLatissimus Dorsi oRhomboids oBiceps Curl oTriceps Kick-out over table oShoulder shrugs oPush-ups onto wall (serratus anterior) 4.Initiate neuromuscular Control Exercises for Scapulothoracic Joint WEEK 10-12 1.Continue all exercises listed above 2.Initiate •Internal rotation 90/90 position •Dumbbells supraspinatus •Tubing exercises for rhomboids, latissimus dorsi, biceps and triceps •Progressive push-ups CRITERIA TO ENTER PHASE III 1.Full, non-painful ROM 2.No pain/tenderness 3.Strength 70° of contralateral side PHASE III – DYNAMIC STRENGHTENING PHASE (WEEK 12-18) WEEK 13-15 GOALS: •Improve strength/power/endurance The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution 

  5.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457  •Improve neuromuscular control EMPHASIS OF PHASE III •High speed/high energy strengthening exercises •Eccentric exercises •Diagonal patterns EXERCISES 1.Continue IR/ER tubing exercises at 0° abduction (arm at side) •Tubing for rhomboids •Tubing for latissimus dorsi •Tubing for biceps/triceps •Tubing for diagonal D2 flexion pattern •Continue dumbbell exercise for supraspinatus/deltoid •Progressive serratus anterior push-up - anterior flexion 2.Continue trunk/LE strengthening and conditioning exercises 3.Continue neuromuscular exercises 4.Continue self capsular stretches WEEK 16-20 •Continue all exercises as above •Emphasis on gradual return to recreational activities CRITERIA TO PROGRESS TO PHASE IV 1.Full ROM 2.No pain/tenderness 3.Satisfactory clinical exam 4.Satisfactory isokinetic test The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution 

  6.   College of Medicine ‐ Jacksonville  Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation                                                                                                              655 West 8th Street  ACC Bldg., 2nd Floor   Jacksonville, FL 32209                             904‐244‐3965                                                                                                                                    904‐244‐3457    PHASE IV – RETURN TO ACTIVITY (WEEK 21-28) GOALS: •Progressively increase activities to prepare patient for unrestricted functional return EXERCISES •Continue tubing/dumbbell exercises outlined in Phase III •Continue ROM exercises •Initiate interval programs between 24-26 weeks (if patient is a recreational athlete) The Foundation for The Gator Nation  An Equal Opportunity Institution