Psoriatic Arthritis - PDF Document

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  1. Psoriatic Arthritis Fast Facts: • Psoriatic arthritis can occur in people without skin disease, mainly in those who have relatives with psoriasis. • Physical activity helps keep joints moving. • Early diagnosis is important to avoid joint damage. What is Psoriatic Arthritis? • Psoriasis is a disease in which scaly red and white patches develop on the skin. This is due to the body’s immune system attacking the skin. • Some people with psoriasis can also develop psoriatic arthritis. When the immune system attacks the joints this can cause joint swelling. • Psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint in the body. • Psoriatic arthritis in the spine is called spondylitis. • Psoriatic arthritis may cause tender spots where tendons and ligaments connect to bones. What causes Psoriatic Arthritis? • The exact cause in not known. 40% of people with this have a family member with psoriasis or arthritis. • Psoriatic arthritis usually starts between the ages of 30 to 50, but can also begin in childhood. • Men and women can both be at risk to get the disease. How is Psoriatic Arthritis Diagnosed? • A physical exam is needed to diagnose symptoms. The symptoms include warmth, swelling, and pain in the joints as well as changes in the skin and nails. • X-rays of the joints are taken to look for damage. • Blood tests may be done to rule out other types of arthritis. How is Psoriatic Arthritis Treated? • The goal of treatment is to improve symptoms, make daily activities better, and slow the disease. No single treatment works for all patients. • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen are used as first treatment. • Treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) should be started if NSAIDs are not helping. • Common DMARDs include sulfasalazine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, and azathioprine. Points to Remember: • Newer treatments are effective and help improve the disease. Specialty Pharmacy Program Page 1 of 2 February 2019

  2. • Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic arthritis that may be mild, with occasional “or constant flare” ups and can cause joint damage if not treated. For Additional Information: • The Arthritis Foundation – • The Psoriasis Foundation – • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin – Specialty Pharmacy Program Page 2 of 2 February 2019