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  2. The Rights of Family Members The Rights of Family Members Shaikh-ul-Arab Wal Ajam Arifbillah Hazrat Aqdas Maulana Shah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (Damat Barakaatuhum) Published By: Kutub Khana Mazhari Gulshan Iqbal, Block 2 Karachi 1

  3. The Rights of Family Members Table of Contents Dedication……………………………………………………………………………………...4 Important details............................................................................ 5 The Meaning of Istiqaamat (Steadfastness) ................................. 6 The Two Rights of Love ................................................................ 7 Some Rights and Duties of a Shaikh and Mureed. ...................... 8 An Amazing Dua of a Bedouin................................................... 10 The Amazing Mercy of Allah Ta’ala .......................................... 11 A Love-filled Dua in the Mathnawi ........................................... 12 The Servants Birth Right of Being a Slave .................................. 13 Success of Those Engaged in Fighting Their Nafs .................... 15 Every Branch of Deen is Important ............................................ 21 A Severe Warning for Those Who Do Not Forgive................... 22 Some Rights of One’s In-Laws .................................................... 23 The Duties and Responsibilities of the Husband and Wife ...... 23 The Importance of the Rights of Blood Relatives ...................... 25 The Bounds of Family Rights ...................................................... 26 Who Are Members of One’s Blood Ties? ................................... 27 Usurping the Rights of In-laws ................................................... 27 The Incident of Hazrat Siddeeq Akbar’s Joining of Family Ties ....................................................................................................... 29 The Mercilessness of Some Mother-In-Laws ............................. 29 The Incident of Hazrat Musa’s Merciful Nature ...................... 31 The Signs of Allah Ta'ala‘s Beloved Servants ............................ 33 2

  4. The Rights of Family Members The Rights of Parents ................................................................... 34 The Deduction of Making Dua for One’s Teachers and Mashaikh ...................................................................................... 35 Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) ................................ 36 The Reason for Being Referred To As ‘Farouq’ ......................... 39 The Thought of Death- Silent Lecture ........................................ 40 The Manner of Attaining the Duas of All the Auliyaa in the World ............................................................................................ 43 ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? The meaning of .............................................. 43 The Incident of Hazrat Yusuf Forgiving His Brothers .............. 48 The Benefit of Delaying the Acceptance of Duas ...................... 49 The Curse of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) for One Disobedient to His Parents .......................................................... 56 The Honor and Rights of Parents ............................................... 56 The Punishment for Causing Distress to One’s Parents ........... 57 The Method of Being Included Amongst Obedient Children on the Days of Judgment .................................................................. 59 The Reward of Gazing at One’s Parents with Mercy ................ 60 Consult With the Ulama Regarding the Fulfillment of Rights . 61 Dua ................................................................................................ 62 One important advice .................................................................. 65 3

  5. The Rights of Family Members Dedication All my writings and compilations are collections of the benefits and blessings of the companionship of our spiritual mentors: Muhiyyus Sunnah Hazrat Aqdas Maulana Shah Abrâr-ul-Haqq Saheb rahimahullâh, Hazrat Aqdas Maulana Shah ‘Abdul Ghani Saheb Phulpuri rahimahullâh And Hazrat Aqdas Maulana Shah Muhammad Ahmad Saheb rahimahullâh. Muhammad Akhtar (May Allâh Ta’ala Pardon Him) 4

  6. The Rights of Family Members IMPORTANT DETAILS NAME OF LECTURE: The Rights of Family Members LECTURER: Shaikh-ul-Arab Wal Ajam Arifbillah Hazrat e Aqdas Maulana Shah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (Damat Barakaatuhum) COMPILER: Hazrat Sayyed Ishrat Jameel ‘Meer’ Saheb Special attendant and Khalifah of Shaikh-ul-Arab Wal Ajam Arifbillah Hazrat e Aqdas Maulana Shah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (Damat Barakaatuhum) TRANSLATED BY: Maulana Moosa Kajee Teacher at Darul Uloom Azaadville, South Africa DATE: 10th of Shawwal 1408 A.H. corresponding to Friday, May 27, 1988 and 17th of Shawwal 1408 A.H. corresponding to Friday, June 3, 1988 PLACE: Masjid Ashraf, Gulshan Iqbal, Karachi PUBLISHER: Kutub Khana Mazhari Gulshan Iqbal, block 2, Karachi 5

  7. The Rights of Family Members The Rights of Family Members ?ﻰ? ?ﻰ? ?ﻰ? ?ﻰ? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?د? ?د? ?د? ?د? ?? ?ﮦ ?? ?ﮦ ?? ?ﮦ ?? ?ﮦ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﺻ? ?ﺻ? ?ﺻ? ?ﺻ? ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ﻰ? ﻰ? ﻰ? ﻰ? ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ?م ?م ?م ?م ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ???? ﻟ ﻟﻟ ﻟ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﻣ ?? ?ﺮﻟ? ?? ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﺳ? ?ﺳ? ?ﺳ? ?ﺳ? ?و ﻰ? ?و ﻰ? ?و ? ?و ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?و ﻰ? ?و ﻰ? ?و ? ?و ? ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺑ ? ?ﺑ ? ?ﺑ ? ?ﺑ ? ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ذ ?ذ ?ذ ?ذ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﺛ ?? ? ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ۝۝۝۝ ?ﻦﻄ ?ﻦﻄ ?ﻦﻄ ?ﻦﻄ ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ۝۝۝۝ ?ﻣ ?? ?ﺮﻟ? ?? ?ﻣ ?? ?ﺮﻟ? ?? ?ﻣ ?? ?ﺮﻟ? ?? ?ﻦﻤ ?ﻦﻤ ?ﻦﻤ ?ﻦﻤ ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ? ﻵ? ? ﻵ? ? ﻵ? ? ﻵ? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻣ? ?ﻣ? ?ﻣ? ?ﻣ? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ٓﻠ ٓﻠ ٓﻠ ٓﻠ ?ﺌ ?ﺌ ?ﺌ ?ﺌ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺨ ?ﺨ ?ﺨ ?ﺨ ن ن ن ن ۝۝۝۝ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?ﺸ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?د ?د ?د ?د ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??ﻳ? The Meaning of Istiqaamat (Steadfastness) Allah Ta’ala states that there are those who have accepted realities and believed and those who say, “Our Rabb is only Allah” i.e. our Nourisher and Sustainer is only Allah. He is the Controller and Owner of our nurturing; benefit and harm; honor and disgrace; health and sickness; and life and death. ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻓ? ?ﻓ? ?ﻓ? ?ﻓ? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ?ء ?ء ?ء ?ء ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻰ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ?ةﻮ ?ةﻮ ?ةﻮ ?ةﻮ ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺛ ?? ? ?ﺛ ?? ? ?ﺛ ?? ? ?ﺠ ?ﺠ ?ﺠ ?ﺠ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?ﻟ?? ?ﻟ?? ?ﻟ?? ?ﻟ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ج ج ج ج ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ﻢ ﻢ ﻢ ﻢ ۝۝۝۝ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?? ?? ?? ?? ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ ؕ ۝ ؕ ۝ ؕ ۝ ؕ ۝ ن ن ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻣ ? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ?ﺰ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ن ن ?ل? ?ل? ?ل? ?ل? ?و ?? ﻰ ?و ?? ﻰ ?و ?? ﻰ ?و ?? ﻰ ۝ ) ?? ?? ?? ةﺪﺠﺴﻟ? : ﻢﺣ 6

  8. The Rights of Family Members ??ﻮ?ﻣ???ﻘ???ﺳ? ?ﻢ?ﺛ you must have heard from our elders that they request to one another, “Make dua that Allah Ta’ala grants Istiqaamat.” What does Istiqaamat mean? To fulfill the commands of Allah Ta’ala and to continuously abstain from Allah Ta’ala’s disobedience. What is the sign of Istiqaamat in this era? When any beauty appears in front of one, and one does not look at her, then understand that one has attained Istiqaamat. A person who follows the commands, but does not abstain from His disobedience is deprived of the bounty of Istiqaamat. One should have concern over this. Do not lose hope, but try to fulfill the right of Fikr (concern). Some people say, “We are concerned, but we cannot do anything. What can I do, I cannot control my gaze. I look at these beautiful women and I become mad.” Hakeem ul Ummah (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “If this girl’s father stands there holding a big stick, then where will strength suddenly come from?” It shows that you are afraid of being beaten; there is no honor in you. If someone removes his shoes and at that moment (when you are looking) hits you three or four times on your head, then will your gaze immediately be lowered or not? Such people should have a second look at their sense of honor- are we the honorable servants of Allah Ta’ala or are we unworthy and without honor? Where one sees that there is a fear of being beaten, he lowers his gaze, and where he possesses no such fear, he looks around fearlessly. This shows that the love of Allah Ta’ala in the heart of this person is extremely less. ??ﻮ?ﻣ???ﻘ???ﺳ? ?ﻢ?ﺛ After believing, they remain steadfast on this. Many of ??ﻮ?ﻣ???ﻘ???ﺳ? ?ﻢ?ﺛ ??ﻮ?ﻣ???ﻘ???ﺳ? ?ﻢ?ﺛ The Two Rights of Love This is because the love of Allah Ta’ala has two rights; One is to fulfill those actions which Allah Ta’ala has 7

  9. The Rights of Family Members commanded e.g. the commands of Salaah, fasting, Zakaat, Hajj, Qurbani, etc. while the second one is to abstain from those acts which Allah Ta’ala has prohibited. A person who does not abstain from Allah Ta’ala’s prohibitions is a slave of his desires. He has, due to excessive sinning, set fire on his dignity and honor. This is similar to a person setting a light on his tree. No matter how much water and manure one uses thereafter, its leaves will remain burnt. Thereafter, for many days, if it is kept away from the fire and it is watered and fertilized, then only will the leaves eventually become green and lush. A person who is determined to commit sin, it is as though he has lit a fire on his lush garden of Imaan. One who does not protect the gaze, does not abstain from lies, causes harm and inconvenience to others, backbites and destroys the honor of Muslims; all of these are sins which causes harm to this green and lush garden of Imaan. May Allah Ta’ala, due to His mercy, forgive all our sins and may He grant us the ability and courage to abstain from all such dishonorable actions. Think! What is the position of a servant in the sight of Allah Ta’ala when he is involved in any sin? Allah Ta’ala is watching at all times what His servant is doing. Contemplate for a while that Allah Ta’ala is watching us whatever we are doing for every single moment. How will Allah Ta’ala deal with us when we are inviting the wrath of Allah Ta’ala on ourselves? Some Rights and Duties of a Shaikh and Mureed. Therefore, O my friends muster courage. To lay down ones arms in front of one’s Nafs is not manliness. Laying down your arms is an act of feminity. Strive with courage against your Nafs. Make a complete effort from your side. Try all the 8

  10. The Rights of Family Members time; however, finally we are human. At times, one will slip, which is referred to as ‘a slip of the foot’. This is nothing surprising. However, to completely lay down your weapons, fold your arms and submissively follow your carnal desires is degradable and lowliness. This is not slipping, but purposely falling. Cure yourself. What is the cure? Repent and give charity, perform ten or twenty Nafl rakaats and cry in front of Allah Ta’ala. How sad it is that some people hear but do not have the energy to perform two or four rakaats of Nafl Salaah. Day and night, they are in the service of their Shaikh. However, when they err and look at strange women, then they do not have the ability to compensate for this by performing ten or twenty rakaats. Will your Shaikh save you? Understand well that the Shaikh cannot save you. He is not a contractor of the Hereafter. ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ? ? ? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ? ? ? ? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ? ? ? ? ??? ??? ??? ??? The guide will only show you the path, To tread the path is the work of the traveler Your Murshid (guide) will carry you on his shoulders! A mere figment of your imagination it is ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????? ? ? ? ? Do you think that your guide will make you sit on his shoulders and take you on the road? The Pir (guide) only shows the path, it is up to you to traverse it. You have to make the full effort. The duty of the doctor and Hakim is to give a prescription. To take the mediation and to be abstinent is the duty of the patient. However, if he is an Allahwala, then he will also make dua for you. This is the difference between worldly doctors and those who are Allahwala, that doctor only give 9

  11. The Rights of Family Members medication, whilst Allahwala, together with showing the spiritual cure, will cry before Allah Ta’ala, “O Allah! Do not deprive those who are connected to me and who are linked to me due to their good thoughts of me, within You is the quality of Jazb (attraction). In the Qur’an Karim, You have explained regarding this quality that for whomsoever You wish, You draw him to Yourself.” It is our belief that whomever Allah Ta’ala attracts none can pull him away. Therefore, at least perform two rakaats of Salaatul Hajaat and supplicate, “O Allah! My strength has become paralyzed. I do not possess any trust on my strength and intentions. I have become despondent over my strength. I only have hope in You that You will assist me. ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????? “O the One holding my hand, O Helper, purchase me from my own hands” (i.e. do not hand me over to myself, buy me from my own hands)place the veil of Your Sattari (covering) over my sins. (i.e. Do not tear the veil of my sins that the creation laugh at me.) ???????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? An Amazing Dua of a Bedouin One person in Masjid e Nabawi proceeded to the front of Rawdhah Mubarak1 and supplicated thus, “O Allah, if You reform me; make me a pious and obedient servant, and Allahwala; remove me from the clutches of Nafs and Shaytaan and grant me a life of obedience to You, then Your Nabi who is resting here will become pleased and Your enemy i.e. Shaytaan will become sad. However, if You do not reform me and Nafs and Shaytaan destroys me, then Your Nabi will become sad 1 The blessed grave of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam). 10

  12. The Rights of Family Members because I am his Ummati (follower) and Your enemy i.e. Shaytaan will become pleased. Therefore, O Allah! You decide. Do you wish to correct and reform thus making Your Nabi pleased and Your enemy displeased; or do You wish to destroy me thus saddening Your Nabi and pleasing Your enemy?“ Who is making this dua? This is not any Alim (scholar). He is but a lowly villager, an uneducated Arab, simple person. However, Allah Ta’ala has placed this subject matter in his heart. At times, Allah Ta’ala places such subject matters in the hearts of those who are not scholars that even the scholars are wonderstruck. Man must make some effort. There remains only one hope, and that is of crying. This is also being snatched away from us. We had already left our zour (strength), now we are leaving our zari (crying). This means we had already abandoned practice. We have laid down our arms in front of Nafs and Shaytaan. We had abandoned using our strength. One road remained of zari i.e. crying which we have also left. What will be our condition? The Amazing Mercy of Allah Ta’ala When one does not even sob and cry, then how will Divine Mercy descend? However, we have been commanded to cry, not to become despondent and lose hope. Allah Ta’ala has regarded losing hope in Him to be Kufr (disbelief). If Allah Ta’ala wanted us to lose hope, He would not have regarded hopelessness to be disbelief. By regarding it to be Kufr, there is like a proof that Allah Ta’ala is threatening us “If you lose hope in Me, I will fling you into Hell.” This is the height of Mercy. There is no better way of describing His mercy. This is similar to a father who says to his son who has been continuously sinning –“repent and abstain from sins. However, if you lose 11

  13. The Rights of Family Members hope in me, then I will hit you.” Allah Ta’ala is saying the same thing that if you lose hope in My mercy, you will become a disbeliever and if you become a disbeliever, you will burn in the Fire. Therefore, by frightening us with Hell-fire, He is building our hopes in His mercy, Subhanallah! What an amazing point. My Shaikh, Shah Abdul Ghani Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) used to mention this point. A Love-filled Dua in the Mathnawi Yes, Allah Ta'ala’s quality is of a different level. Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe), who is a king of Tasawwuf and the guide of great Ulama and Auliyaa in showing the path to Allah Ta’ala, supplicates to Allah Ta’ala, “O Allah! Many things are attracting me towards themselves; the beauty, fame, wealth and especially in this era, the beautiful faces which are like scattered pearls on the streets. However, ??????????????????? ??????????????????? ??????????????????? ??????????????????? You overpower all of these attractive things, be it Nafs, Shaytaan, women, wealth or honor, You have full power over all of these things. If You attract me to Yourself, then who can oppose You? If ten or twenty weak people try to kidnap the son of Muhammad Ali Clay, the famous boxer, by pulling him away, his one punch will land one of them into hospital, the pace of this person’s heart will change and an ECG will have to be done on him. O Allah! What is level of Your power! Whomsoever You wish to protect and decide to make Yours, then who is there who can drag him away? What is the status of Allah Ta’ala, O my friends? Perform two rakaats and only ask Allah Ta’ala, “O Allah, pass the decision of making us Yours. I am in reality Yours. However, due to my unworthiness, I am 12

  14. The Rights of Family Members not becoming Yours completely. I am partially Yours when I perform Salaah and fast. However, on the streets, I look at the teddies (beautiful women) and become a slave of Shaytaan. I commit some other sins as well. Therefore, make us completely and solely Yours.” The Servants Birth Right of Being a Slave We are solely Yours. You are our Owner. Our every portion, from head to toe is Your property. Every owner looks and protects his property. We have attained this right of being a ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ? ? ? ? commentary of this is mentioned in Ruhul Ma’aani as ?? ی? “You are our Owner and we are Your servants”. From head to toe, every portion of ours is in Your control. Therefore, we are beseeching You to protect us due to the right due to us because of being a slave. We beseech You “do not hand us over to our own choices, since there are filthy habits within us. If You hand us to ourselves, we will be like a small foolish child who places his hand in stool and phlegm. If a snake appears before a child, he does not run away. He says to his mother, “it has a beautiful design of a flower on it.” He well attempt to wrap it around his neck. Parents will protect their children from the snake. Therefore, supplicate to Allah Ta’ala, “O Allah, attract me to Youself. O the One whose power dominates all other powers, You overpower all attractive things of this world, whether it is rulership, the beauty of beautiful women, wealth, heaps of gold and silver, the thrones of ministry and all other appealing things found in the world. Therefore, Hazrat Jalaluddin Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe), one slave. In the verse , “You are our Maula.” The ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ? ? ? ? ?? ی? ?? ی? ?? ی? 13

  15. The Rights of Family Members of Allah Ta'ala’s wali (friend), beaches Allah Ta'ala with his tongue of wilayat (friendship), ?? ????????????????? ? ???? ?? ????????????????? ? ???? ?? ????????????????? ? ???? ?? ????????????????? ? ???? purchase us through Your mercy, we who are weak, helpless and feeble. We are so lowly and weak that we walk for a few days on Your path by being punctual with the recitation of Qur’an, by performing Salaah, thereafter we begin missing our Salaah with jamaat, our recitation, we even begin watching T.V., videos which eventually lead us into other satanic actions deriving impermissible pleasures. Therefore, we have seen ourselves breaking our intentions repeatedly. We have seen the disgrace of breaking our Taubah (repentance), then Your greatness has increased in our hearts- O Allah, we are nothing. It is only You. You are everything. Asghar Ghondwi (Rahmatullah Alaihe), the teacher of Jigar Muradabadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) and a poet punctual with Tahajjud, says, ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ? ? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? Your great loftiness, Your great rank Is manifest in my every weakness, in my every fault. The faults which occur from us, our repentance which breaks continuously, O Allah, from here we come to know of Your greatness. Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) says, ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ? ? ? ? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ????? 14

  16. The Rights of Family Members Our promises have broken thousands of times Your promise, O Allah is firm like a mountain, it can never break. Therefore, we affirm our weakness and feebleness, we beseech You to purchase us weak ones because we are cutting our feet with our own hands i.e. by committing sin with our limbs, we are preparing to admit ourselves into Jahannum. Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???????????????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ? ? ? ? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? “When our hands are using an axe to cut our feet then O Allah, without Your protection and safety, no person can cross Your path, as long as Your graces and kindness do not encompass us. ???? ? ? ? ? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ? ? ? ???? Success of Those Engaged in Fighting Their Nafs Friends! This is the only option I present for you and myself. Those whose intention continuously breaks and lay weak and helpless in Allah Ta’ala‘s path, and they are repeatedly being overpowered and defeated in the struggle against Nafs and Shaytaan, should Listen to this poem of Khawajah Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) that the struggle against the Nafs remains for one’s whole life. ???????????????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? 15

  17. The Rights of Family Members ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ? ? ? ? ???? ? ? ? ? ???????? ? ? ? ? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? “If you are unable to defeat the wrestler of the Nafs then not let your hands and feet become lax. Remember you have to wrestle it your whole life. At times, it will defeat you, and at times, you will defeat it ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻳ ? ?ﻳ ? ?ﻳ ? ?ﻳ ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ “And worship your Sustainer until death arrives Allah Ta’ala is stating that your struggle against your Nafs, and your duty of servitude is until death. Continue fighting your Nafs until your demise. Whoever continues fighting his Nafs entire life, who learns the art of wrestling the Nafs from the Mashaikh and buzurgs, and at the same time request them for duas, then Hakeem ul Ummah (Rahmatullah Alaihe) says with great pain regarding them, “Inshallah, Allah will finally make them overpower Nafs and Shaytaan and all connections of this world and make His love dominate all other things their heart.“ This Hakeem ul Ummat (Rahmatullah Alaihe) mentioned regarding such people who make effort to fight the Nafs and Shaytaan, who continuously visit the Allahwala, who request for their reformation, mention their conditions and also ask for its cure; ask for duas; are always concerned and continuously make effort; are abstinent (from sins), at the same time, use the medication, then Inshallah they will be successful in their aim. There was a Hakim Saheb in Hardoi. He said to Hazrat I am dying and I am from amongst 16

  18. The Rights of Family Members your father friends. I have a right over you. You are like my son, however I am going unsuccessful. My good actions are less and I can see on a mountain of sins in front of my ears. What will be my condition on the day of resurrection?” I was also present at this time. I had gone from Karachi. Hazrat recited the poem of Khawajah Saheb. Hazrat Khawajah Saheb’s poetry was not mere poetry but was the teachings of Hakeem ul Ummah (Rahmatullah Alaihe). Hakeem Saheb had a heart problem. His death was imminent. Hazrat recited this poem of Khawajah Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) to remove his despondency ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????????????????? ??????????????????? ??????????????????? ??????????????????? ????? ????? ????? ????? “He who remains unsuccessful entire life Nonetheless, an Ashiq (lover) should not cease to make effort He should maintain this bond of love If it breaks a hundred times, join it a hundred times.” Friends! If there was another god, then we would have said, “O Allah Ta’ala, we are unable to traverse Your path. Our Taubah (repentance) is breaking a lot therefore we are proceeding to another god. There is only one Allah. Hakeem ul Ummah Thanwi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “Where will you go to? There is only His door and no other. In every case, cling and cry onto His threshold, sing His praises, speak highly of Him. A person became beyat to a certain buzurg. Even in 17

  19. The Rights of Family Members winter, the buzurg would wake up daily to perform Tahajjud. A voice would be heard from the unseen, “O so-and-so, your Tahajjud is not accepted”. For many days, the Mureed also heard this voice. He then said to his Shaikh, “Hazrat, I hear a voice when you perform Tahajjud. This voice says, “O so-and- so your Tahajjud is not accepted by Me. When your Tahajjud is not being accepted, then why are you making so much of effort? Rather sleep soundly.” Hazrat said, “Brother! The fact is that there is only one Allah for me. I am being nurtured by Him. Our work is servitude. It is His work to accept. He knows His work; we will continue doing our work. Acceptance and non-acceptance is His work. How can I interfere in the great work of the Nurturer? Our duty is to cry, beseech and entreat for acceptance. We will fulfill our duty, whether He accepts it or not. A poet has said, ?? ?????????????????????????????????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????????????????????????????????? ?? ?????????????????????????????????? ?? ?????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? If I am forgiven, then it is my good fortune, if not, then what complaint can I make? We accept whole-heartedly whatever comes into our friend’s temperament. When Hazrat Hakeem ul Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) saw this poem, he remarked, “This poet does not possess understanding. It seems he did not have the companionship of Ahlullah. He seems to be deprived of a sound understanding. He is showing his pride that if I am forgiven, then this is my good fortune and if I am not forgiven, then what complaint can I make i.e. by submitting, he is showing Allah Ta’ala his strength that if You send me to Hell, 18

  20. The Rights of Family Members then I am completely ready for this. This is great disrespect. Great Prophets sought protection from Jahannum, whilst this person is saying, “I am not complaining. I submit myself for Jahannum and I am completely ready for it. This is just like a wrestler going for a bout to show his bravery, he hits his hand on his thigh forcefully, thereby declaring, “I have come onto the stage. Is there anyone to challenge me? Hazrat said, “The poem should have been like this, see Hakeem ul Ummah is correcting this poem ? ? ? ? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????????????????? ?????????????????? ?????????????????? ?????????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ???? If I am forgiven, then this is my good fortune, if not then I will beg and entreat that why has this servant’s disgrace come into our friend’s temperament” If He does not forgive, then I will cry in front of Him. Objective will be accomplished by crying to Allah Ta’ala, not by showing one’s bravery. Once Hazrat Umar (Radhiallaho Anho) was afflicted with a fever. He began groaning. People said, “Being such a brave Sahabi, yet you are groaning!” He replied, “Allah Ta’ala gave me this fever so that He could hear my groaning not to see my bravery. When Allah Ta'ala wants to see our feebleness and weakness then why should we show our strength? Some people see the moon of Eid and wail, “Ah! Ramadan has passed.” For what are they moaning? Eat and drink now. There is no command in any Hadith to moan. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said that when you see the moon of Eid, then do not fast. It is Haraam (prohibited) to fast on the day of Eid. Instead of moaning, Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) commanded us to eat and drink. 19

  21. The Rights of Family Members This figuratively means that this is a day of celebration. This is just like how we say, “This is a rainy day, the day of eating and drinking, make some philoriya. When you are bounded in Ramadan by not eating and drinking, then remain bounded. However, when you are freed after Ramadan, then do not moan and complain, “Oh that rope was very good.” Rather say, “O Allah, I am grateful to You that You opened our mouth. Now we will enjoy Your bounties.” This is like a small child who has come out of school, how does he walk? Is he sad, “Oh the period has terminated? If only the period was a bit longer? Or does he walk happily, running and jumping around? Similar should be the condition of a servant. ?????????????????????????? ? ? ? ? ???????????? ? ???? ? ????? ???????????? ? ???? ? ????? ???????????? ? ???? ? ????? ???????????? ? ???? ? ????? Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) states that as long as Allah Ta'ala ties one, he should remain tied. He should humble and lower himself. When He opens him, he should jump and run a bit saying, “O Allah, all thanks to You, today You have opened this rope. To understand the pleasure of the master is termed as servitude. As long as one does not have companionship of the friends of Allah Ta’ala, then it is impossible to be completely stable and moderate in one’s servitude. For example, if someone has wronged someone else. Without Allahwala, to realize this, compensate and be granted the ability to retract is difficult. Shaikh ul Hadith Hazrat Maulana Zakariyya Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) reprimanded a worker who was working in the Yahyawiyya Kutub Khana. He had named this kutub khana (bookstore) after the name of his father [Maulana Yahya Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe)]. The ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? 20

  22. The Rights of Family Members servant implored, “Hazrat, forgive me.” Hazrat Shaikh (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, you have not made this mistake once or twice; So many times you have done it that I am tired of forgiving you. How much must I bear with you?” Hazrat Shaikh’s uncle, the founder of the Tabligh Jamaat, Hazrat Maulana Ilyas Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) was sitting there, heard this. Hazrat was from among the senior Auliyaa Allah, through whose sincerity and concern, this work has reached throughout the world. Every Branch of Deen is Important Some people ask, “what benefit is there in the Khanqahs?” This was the blessings of the Khanqah and the Dua of Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri (Rahmatullah Alaihe) that concern and sincerity was created in the heart of Maulana Ilyas Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe). I ask, “why did the work of the Tabligh Jamaat not initiate with an Alim who never saw the Khanqah, who never remained in the service of Allahwala. Think and ponder over this. Some people say, “The Madrassas are useless.” Friends! Was Maulana Ilyas Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) an Alim (learned) or Jahil (ignorant)? Since he was an Alim, the existence of Madrassa is proven. Not only proven, it is vital and necessary. Did he have a relationship with any buzurg for his reformation? He was beyat to Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saheb Saharanpuri (Rahmatullah Alaihe) regarding who Maulana Gangohi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) used to say, “Our Khalil has attained the Nisbat (connection) of the Sahabah.” Allaho Akbar! My Shaikh, Hazrat Shah Abdul Ghani Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) related this to me, since my Shaikh was the student of Maulana Gangohi’s student i.e. there is only one intermediary between my Shaikh and Maulana Gangohi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) in his sanad (chain of narration) of 21

  23. The Rights of Family Members Bukhari Sharif. This shows us that madaaris are necessary, Tabligh is necessary and tazkiyah (purification of the Nafs) is also necessary. If there are no madaaris, then how will knowledge be acquired? If there are no Khanqah, then how will tazkiyah take place? Every branch of Deen is important. It is for this reason that my Shaikh, Hazrat Maulana Abrarul Haq Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “Become an assistant (Rafeeq) of one another in Deen and not an adversary (Fareeq).” As I was saying that when Hazrat Shaikh (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “You have done this error over and over, how much must I tolerate?” Hazrat Maulana Ilyas Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) was sitting nearby. He whispered to him, “Maulwiji, forgive others as much as you wish to be forgiven.” A Severe Warning for Those Who Do Not Forgive Hazrat Hakeem ul Ummah Mujaddidul Millah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “When someone asks me to forgive him, then I immediately forgive him, because Ashraf Ali also wants to be forgiven. However, some teachers, in fact, parents also are foolish. When they are asked for forgiveness they say, “No, we will not forgive! Do not even attend our janazah!” Do you know what a severe punishment there is for not forgiving one’s Muslim brother when he requests forgiveness? Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said, ?ﻞ? ?ﻞ? ?ﻞ? ?ﻞ? ?ذ ?ذ ?ذ ?ذ ???? ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ?ﻄ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?د ?د ?د ?د ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺧ ?ﺧ ?ﺧ ?ﺧ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ہ ?ہ ?ہ ?ہ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﺘ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ? ض ? ض ? ض ? ض 22

  24. The Rights of Family Members ١?٨ { ص ١ ج ?????ا ?????ا ٰ } “He who does not accept the apology of his brother, he should not come to my Houdh (pond) of Kauther. Think how thirsty one will be on the Day of Judgment. This person will be deprived of a glass of water from Kauthar, from the hands of the interceder on the plains of resurrection. Some Rights of One’s In-Laws One person with great sorrow is seeking forgiveness from someone who says, “We will never forgive you.” I say, “May Allah Ta'ala save us from this type of ignorance. In this matter, there is a necessity for parents to be corrected. They should study the 11th part of Behishti Zewar, the booklet of the rights of parents in which they can learn what are and what are not the rights of parents, what are the rights of their son and daughter-in-law. Today the condition of parents is such that if their son takes his wife and children to the in-laws house for Eid or he is invited to their house for Iftari, then those parents who have no religious knowledge immediately say, “Now you are the slave of your wife, you follow her commands, you will become the slave of your in-laws, we will not speak to you “what is this foolishness! Do one’s father-in-law and mother-in- law have no rights? Only you have the rights? The Duties and Responsibilities of the Husband and Wife On this, I remember something that I will mention. One of my friends said to me, “You always give lectures on having mercy and compassion on wives, but you never mention the rights of husband over the wife”, whereas many times I had 23

  25. The Rights of Family Members mentioned that if their husband sleeps displeased, then your tasbeeh and Tahajjud is all in vain. The angles curse that woman the whole night whose husband sleeps away while being angry with her. What greater right of the husband can I mention? However, this poor person used to be very mindful of his wife. She was a bit temperamental. One day laughing he said, “There is an organization of which I am the president and chairman.” I said, “Brother, this sentence is very enjoyable.” Jokingly he said, “due to Allah Ta'ala’s grandeur, for His pleasure, to bear and be patient on Allah’s servants (the wives) is not being a Mureed of women, but is amongst her rights. One has to bear her crookedness because she has been created from a crooked rib. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said that a woman is like a crooked rib. This is from a narration of Bukhari Sharif. See is your crooked rib doing its work or not? If you make it straight, it will break. Leaving it crooked is beneficial for you. Do your work with its crookedness. Therefore, be soft and compassionate in matters relating to your wife. Explain to her. Caution her from the Qur’an and Hadith so that she knows the rights of her husband. If a wife performs Tahajjud the whole night and cries in her Sajdah, but her husband is upset with her, then she receives the curses of the angels. This Hadith is sufficient for her. My friends! I was saying that if one’s son threats his wife kindly in accordance with the Shariah, then some parents quickly curse him, “May Allah Ta'ala make it such that you do not leave this world with Imaan, may Allah Ta'ala destroy you.” This is a great injustice and such a curse is not even permissible. Such parents should reform and correct themselves and they should continuously study the eleventh part of Behishti Zewar 24

  26. The Rights of Family Members in which the rights of one’s parents, wife and children are mentioned, so that they could gain some understanding. The Importance of the Rights of Blood Relatives Now, I will mention to you the commentary of the following verse of the Qur’an Majid as explained by Allamah Alusi As-sayed Mahmood Baghdadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) in his commentary, Ruhul Ma’aani. Allah Ta'ala states, ?ی ?ی ?ی ?ی ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ?ء ?ء ?ء ?ء ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ﮦر?? ء??? ة ? { Fear Allah Ta'ala by whose intermediary you ask people for your rights and be cautious regarding the rights of blood relatives-fulfill their rights. ?م? ?م? ?م? ?م? ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ر?? ???? ???? ?و ?و ?و ?و ??? ??? ??? ??? ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ???? } ???? Fear Allah Ta’ala. It should not happen that due to breaking ties with any blood relative, your duas are not accepted. On the plains of Arafat, Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) made dua and said, “Whoever has broken any ties of kinship should join it, otherwise due to him, his dua as well as ours will not be accepted.” One Sahabi arose who had stopped speaking to his maternal aunty. He immediately proceeded to her and implored, “O beloved aunty! Forgive me, because Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) announced, “whoever breaks off blood ties, Allah Ta'ala will destroy him and due to his evil, duas will not be accepted.” He asked for forgiveness, requested duas, greeted her after setting straight the matter and returned. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Therefore, on trivial matters, do not break off ties with one’s brothers’ uncles grandparents i.e. with any family members. It is not permissible to break off ties without a severe necessity. Wasallam) was pleased. 25

  27. The Rights of Family Members The Bounds of Family Rights Yes, if there is some reason, then ask the Ulama that in these circumstances what is the law of Shariah e.g. some family member always causes harm to one like a scorpion or some irreligious member forces you to participate in evil, forcing one to come there and watch T.V. If for the sake of Deen, the rights of the family members are not fulfilled, then this is absolutely correct. At this time, do not go to them. However, later on explain to them with softness. Take them to some Allahwala. Inshallah it will be beneficial. In extreme cases, severing all connections is permissible; however, consultation with the Ulama will still be necessary. If anyone faces such conditions, then he should consult with me privately. In the commentary of Mishkaat, Mirqat, there is an amazing discussion based on this. I will Inshallah give my opinion, which was very much liked by my Shaikh also. However, severing ties with close family members without the light of knowledge and merely following self-opinion without consulting the Ulama is not permissible. Friends! A Hadith states that on the Day of Judgment, Allah Ta'ala will grant a tongue to blood ties which will say “O Allah! I am family ties. You have named me Rahm. Your name is Rahman (the most Merciful). I am derived from You i.e. I have emerged from You. Today, grant me my rights. Those who have joined me, You join them to Yourself and those who have cut me off, You cut them off from You.” Therefore, this is a very serious matter. Consult! Even though in extreme cases, due to certain difficulties, there are cases where severing of ties is permissible. However, as far as possible, try to accommodate. Do not break off family ties on insignificant and trivial matters. 26

  28. The Rights of Family Members Who Are Members of One’s Blood Ties? Now listen, whom are meant by blood relations? Wherever I mention this point before even great Ulama, they all have said, “This is the first time in our life that we heard this. Our knowledge has increased today. We misunderstood the meaning of blood relations.” Generally, people feel that only parents, brothers, sisters, paternal and maternal grandparents, aunties, etc. are blood relations. However, Allamah Alusi As- Sayyed Mahmood Baghdadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) in Ruhul Ma’aani defines the word ‘Ar-haam’ as follows, ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ‘Ar-haam’ refers to those family members who is related by lineage (e.g. parents, grandparents, etc.) and those family members related from the wife’s side” (e.g. Mother-in-law, father-in-law, brothers-in-law etc.) these are also included in blood relations. ء? ء? ء? ء? ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ء? ?ء? ?ء? ?ء? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ? ?ﻻ ? ?ﻻ ? ?ﻻ ? ?ﻻ ?? م? ?? م? ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?د? ?د? ?د? ?د? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ?? م? ?? م? Their right is like that of one’s parents. They must be respected and honored likewise. Usurping the Rights of In-laws They nurture and bring up their daughter and then hand over her to you. It should not be that after they made all the effort to bring her up now you scold at them as though they have no right over their daughter. For small and trivial matters, you fight with your in-laws. You regard them as lowly. If your mother-in-law falls ill and she requests, “Please, allow my daughter to stay for two more days, she will serve me,” then you reply, “I have a right over her. Now I own her. I will catch hold of her ears and take her away.” O ignoramus! Fear Allah 27

  29. The Rights of Family Members Ta'ala. Such a time may come over you. Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “Allah Ta’ala has stated in the ????ﺴ?? . ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ them. The ruling of the Ma’tuf and Ma’tuf Alai (the two words conjuncted) is one e.g., “Zaid came and Khalid came.” Coming is found equally in both. Under this verse, Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said the same thing which Allamah Alusi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “The rights which one’s own family relations have, the wife’s relations also have.” It is not permissible to fight and quarrel with them on small and pretty issues. This is Haraam and a major sin. Therefore, if one’s son takes his wife to her family’s home to fulfill their rights on the days of Eid or any other day, then it is not permissible for the mother to say, “You are now the slave of your wife,” and it is not permissible for the father to say, “You have now become your wife’s porter.” What ignorant speech. The age of ignorance is here. Friends! This is great ignorance, lack of knowledge and lack of mercy. They should actually congratulate you saying, “Go, and fulfill the rights of your in- law. They too have a right.” After bringing her up for fifteen years, and then handing her over to you, is it not her right to visit her parents? If you have your daughter, will you be happy if her in-laws do not allow her to meet you? However, for another person’s daughter, you want to rule her and make her you servant. As I was saying, in these matters, parents are today well exceeding the limits. The poor son is pious and Allahwala. If he has to be cordial to his wife, his mother becomes angry. This poor person is without fault. Then too he catches hold of his mother’s feet and pleads, “mother, forgive me.” In spite of being a mother, she says, “No, I will not forgive ????ﺴ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ????ﺴ?? ????ﺴ?? ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?? ?? ?? ??refers to one’s family relations and Quran Karim ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ ??ﺮ?ﻬ refers to one’s wife’s relations. Allah Ta'ala has conjuncted 28

  30. The Rights of Family Members you. Don’t even accompany my janazah.” All this is loads of ignorance. Fear Allah. If you do not forgive, Allah Ta'ala will not forgive you on the Day of Judgment. Then you will come to know. The Ulama have written that the person who forgives the faults of people on earth, on the Day of Judgment, Allah Ta'ala will forgive his sins. The Incident of Hazrat Siddeeq Akbar’s Joining of Family Ties Allah Ta'ala states in the Qur’an Majid, ??? ??? ??? ??? ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ} ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ??ن ??ن ??ن ??ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ﮦر?? ر?? ﮦر?? ١٨ { This verse was revealed concerning Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallaho Anho), “O Abu Bakr Siddeeq, do you not love that you forgive this Badri Sahabi (one who had participated in the battle of Badr) who is your family relative as well as poor, and in return, Allah Ta'ala will forgive you? Hazrat Siddeeq Akbar (Radhiallaho Anho) had sworn an oath that he would not be cordial to this family member, he would not give charity and assistance to him and he would not even speak to him. As soon as this verse was revealed, he broke his oath and paid the kaffarah (expiation for breaking an oath). He then said, “By ???? ?ﻲ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ on the Day of Judgment. O Allah! I value Your verse and I am prepared to sacrifice my life for Your command. I love to forgive him. In future, I will take more consideration of him and I will do even more good to him. ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ Allah I love that Allah Ta'ala must forgive me The Mercilessness of Some Mother-In-Laws 29

  31. The Rights of Family Members Today, the condition has become such that on small issues, the mother says, “it would have been better had I not had any children.” These are the same mothers who if they had no offspring, would run around asking for Ta’weez (amulets) and cry, “O Allah, give me even one child.” When Allah Ta'ala gives children, then so much of anger and pride comes into her heart that even her poor son is asking for pardon, her mind is not coming right with her oppression and complaints, she makes the life of her daughter-in-law miserable. Is your daughter-in-law not someone’s daughter? Why do you come for ta’weez when your daughter’s mother-in-law mistreats her? Treat your daughter-in-law as you treat your own daughter. What is this that you require a ta’weez for your daughter and someone else’s daughter is not treated as one? A lot of mercilessness is shown. I say this with a hurtful heart. I am not mentioning fictitious stories. Such incidents are brought to my attention. Therefore my friends, I say that by only fulfilling Allah Ta’ala‘s rights you will not become an Allahwala, as long as you do not learn to have mercy on Allah’s servants. Remove the evil of anger. A Hadith Sharif states, ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ??? ??? ??? ??? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?م ?م ?م ?م ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ “ّ One who keepsback his anger, Allah Ta'ala will keep back from him His punishment on the Day of Judgment.” ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ?ﻒ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻏ ?ﻀ ?ﻀ ?ﻀ ?ﻀ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ Now let the person who has a lot of anger correct his disposition. How? He must control his anger. He must become merciful so that Allah Ta'ala will deal with him likewise on the Day of Judgment. Some people say,” Sir, how can I control myself? Rage overcomes me. My heart desires to give one shot to that person. These are all excuses. Think that to have uncontrollable anger is a great fault and to be soft natured is a 30

  32. The Rights of Family Members wonderful quality. Allah Ta'ala describes the qualities of Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam), ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??ﺮ ??ﺮ ??ﺮ ??ﺮ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ﮦر?? د?ه ﮦر?? ١٢ { } Which was translated by Hazrat Hakeem ul Ummah (Rahmatullah Alaihe) as follows, “ Verily Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam) was very forebearing, had a merciful temperament and a soft heart i.e. he was very tolerant and forbearing in nature, possessed mercy in his temperament and had a soft heart. These are the qualities which Allah Ta'ala describes His Khalil (friend) with. O friends! If you wish to become Allah’s Khalil (close friend), O my mothers and sisters, if you want to become Allah’s friends, then create these three qualities within yourself. Have the ability to tolerate in the heart, let the quality of mercy dominate one’s nature and let the heart be soft. The Incident of Hazrat Musa’s (Alaihis Salaam) Merciful Nature See, what happened when Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam)’s one sheep ran away from its flock. I am not narrating this incident from any Urdu digest. Allamah Alusi, in Tafseer Ruhul Ma’aani, as well as other commentators of Qur’an write that when a sheep ran away from its flock, Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam) ran behind it. Every Nabi was made to herd sheep so that the ability of patience could be created in the heart, since herding sheep is a difficult task. They run away very quickly making the shepherd helpless. Allah Ta'ala trains the Ambiya (Alaihimus Salaam) by means of sheep first so that they can serve their Ummat (nation). Thereafter, when the 31

  33. The Rights of Family Members sheep escaped, Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam) ran behind it, until eventually his feet became blistered, thorns pricked him and blood began flowing. The blood of the forthcoming Nabi is flowing. After chasing it for miles, he caught it. Tell me, if it was us then what would we have done? We would have hit it, lift it up and thrown it down, and then slaughtered it. My teacher of Hadith, Hazrat Maulana Abdul Qayyum Saheb (Rahmatullah Alaihe), who qualified in Deoband, narrated this incident. A man heard that he will be married to such a woman who was very ill-natured and who would easily become angry. He said, “I will cure her.” When he went to her house to get her, he took along a goat. On the way back, the goat raised its voice. He hit the goat and said, “If you say ‘me’ again, I will hit you.” The wife sitting in the carriage thought to herself, “If he is hitting this goat who is making ‘me’ ‘me’, then how much will he hit me? When the goat raised its voice again, he hit it harder and bellowed, “you unworthy animal, keep quiet or else I will slaughter you,” After hitting it the third or fourth time, he reached close to his house. When the goat blared again, he lifted it up, placed it on the floor and shouted, “O vile thing, you don’t want to listen. I have stopped you over and over. You are not coming right with beating. Now this is ﺮﺒﻛا ?? ??? ﻢﺴﺑ and slaughtered it, the only cure.” He then recited saying to himself, “O Allah! I will make my walimah with this. O Allah! I am slaughtering it with the intention of walimah. I am not doing it due to anger.” The following day, he had his walimah with the same meat. However, his wife was awe- stricken. She became obedient forever thereafter, and all her anger was removed. As I was mentioning, when Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam) got hold of this sheep he neither hit nor scolded it. In fact, he began 32

  34. The Rights of Family Members crying and began removing the thorns which had penetrated it with his own hands. The hand of Nabuwwat is removing thorns from a sheep. Before removing the thorns from his own foot, he first removed the thorns from the sheep, and due to compassion, he continued crying, saying, “O sheep, if you did not have mercy on Musa, then at least you could have had mercy on yourself. What did you achieve by running so much? Finally, you were caught. You are full of thorns pricking you, and blood is flowing from you as well as me. If you did not have mercy for my blood then at least you should have showed mercy to yourself.” When the angels saw this quality of love and compassion in Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam), then the divine creation requested Allah Ta’ala, “O Allah! This person seems to be worthy of becoming a Nabi.” The Signs of Allah Ta'ala‘s Beloved Servants From before, it was in the knowledge of Allah Ta'ala that Hazrat Musa (Alaihis Salaam) was to be made a Nabi. A beloved servant in the sight of Allah Ta'ala is he who treats the creation of Allah Ta'ala with kindness. i.e. one’s wife, children, one’s relatives and all other humans as well as animals. Therefore, learn to possess mercy for Allah Ta'ala’s creation. What mercy will such a woman receive who says to her son on trivial matters, “I do not want to look at your face.” Your daughter-in-law is also someone’s daughter. She also has rights. Do not become a barrier. Fear Allah! One’s parents have separate rights. One’s wife and children have separate rights. If all fulfill one another’s rights, then the house will become a 33

  35. The Rights of Family Members garden of paradise. How unmerciful is it that the son is seeking pardon and the parents are saying, “We will not forgive.” Parents are such that as soon as children seek forgiveness they immediately will embrace them. It seems that the quality of mercy has become less. This temperament must be remedied. The Rights of Parents As far as one’s parents are concerned, the Qur’an and Hadith have openly declared their rights. Allah Ta'ala, immediately after declaring ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? ?ہ? Do not worship anyone besides Him.” (Bani Israil,verse 23) ?ﻻ ن ?ﻻ ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ن ?ﻻ ن Says” ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﺴ ?ﻧ? ?ﻧ? ?ﻧ? ?ﻧ? ? ? ? ? And treat your parents with kindness” By commanding man to act cordially with one’s parents immediately after commanding worship of Him, shows the importance of parents. Allah Ta'ala has even taught us how to make dua for them, ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ “O my Rabb (Sustainer), shower mercy on my parents as they nurtured me when I was small and as they showered mercy on me in my childhood.” ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ???? ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر 34

  36. The Rights of Family Members Allah Ta'ala is reminding us of our childhood. When we reach the age of Pachpan (fifty-five), we forget our Bachpan (childhood). In youth and good health, man is disrespectful to his parents and says, “Enough, I cannot handle it anymore.” However, in this verse Allah Ta'ala teaches us such a dua in which He is reminding us of our infancy and the favors of our parents so that we could supplicate in recompense of these favors by this dua ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ “O my Sustainer, shower mercy on my parents as they dealth with me with mercy in my childhood.” ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ٰﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?ﻐ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ???? ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر The Deduction of Making Dua for One’s Teachers and Mashaikh Under this verse, Hakeem ul Ummah Mujaddidul Millah Maulana Ashraf Ali Saheb Thanwi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) has written in the footnotes of Bayanul Qur’an that this verse proves that one should remain engaged in dua for those teachers and Mashaikh from whom one had reformed and learnt Deen. When one makes dua for one’s parents, then he should make dua for his teacher and Shaikh. Hazrat has written that the word Rabubiyat means nurturing. Therefore, one should make dua for whosoever has nurtured him whether physically or spiritually. Parents physically nurture one while the Shaikh spiritually nurtures him. Therefore, one should make dua for one’s Shaikh when making dua for one’s parents. 35

  37. The Rights of Family Members Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) Regarding the rights of parents, I want to present a narration of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) at this time. First, I will present the particulars of the narrator. Abu Hurairah means ‘the father of the kitten.’ Hurairah means kitten. Abu Hurairah is not his actual name. One day, he was carrying a kitten in his sleeve. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) asked him, “What is in your sleeve?” He replied, “A kitten”. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) remarked ?ﻧ? ہﺮﻳﺮﻫ emerged from the blessed tongue of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam), will remain till the Day of Judgment. ﻮ?? ﻮ?? ﻮ?? ﻮ?? ?ﻧ? ?ﻧ? ?ﻧ? ہﺮﻳﺮﻫ”you are the father of this kitten." The words which ہﺮﻳﺮﻫ ہﺮﻳﺮﻫ Shaikh Abu Zakariya An-Nawawi who has written the commentary of Muslim Sharif has substantiated through 35 proofs that his original name was Abdur Rahman. During the era of ignorance, his name was Abdus Shams, which means ‘the slave of the sun”. After accepting Islam, his name was changed to Abdur Rahman. However, when the name Abu Hurairah emerged from the blessed tongue of Rasulullah (Sallellaho ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻟ ?ﻟ?ﻟ ?ﻟ ?? ?? ?? ?? he Alaihe Wasallam), it became so famous as though possessed no other name. He became so famous by this agnomen (kuniyat) that people have forgotten his original name. The commentators of Hadith had to lay down proofs to establish his original name. The name which emerged on the tongue of Nabuwwat was accepted. For this reason, not every person knows his original name. In big books like Mirqat, the commentary of Mishkaat and other voluminous commentaries, his original name is stated to be Abdur Rahman. Hazrat Abu 36

  38. The Rights of Family Members Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) used to narrate 5364 Ahadith (plural of Hadith) in Madina Munawwarah. On his way to teach was his mother’s house. He would make salaam to her and take her duas before proceeding for lessons. His students numbered 800, which besides the Tabi’een, included the Sahabah (Radhiallaho Anhum). The commentators of Hadith have included four famous Sahabah amongst his students: •Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Abbas (Radhiallaho Anho) •Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Umar (Radhiallaho Anho) •Hazrat Jabir (Radhiallaho Anho) •Hazrat Anas (Radhiallaho Anho) Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Abbas (Radhiallaho Anho) was the cousin of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) and Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Uman enjoyed the honor of being Hazrat Umar’s (Radhiallaho Anho) son. Ilm (knowledge) is that treasure by which the son of Amirul Muminin (the Khalifah) and the son of kings became students of a poor mendicant. The reason for blessings in his knowledge was the dua of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam). Once he mentioned to Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam), “I cannot remember your Ahadith. Make dua for me that I remember whatever I hear from you.” Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said, ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam), as though his hands were full of something threw thrice into the shawl. He then said to Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho), “Grasp it firmly to your chest.” Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) did so. He says, “Thereafter I never forgot any Hadith of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam). I would remember everything. ?ک ?ک ?ک ?ک ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?د ?د ?د ?د ?ء? ?ء? ?ء? ?ء? ? ش ? ش ? ش ? ش “Spread out you shawl.” He complied. Rasulullah 37

  39. The Rights of Family Members When my Shaikh, Hazrat Maulana Shah Abdul Ghani Saheb Phulpuri (Rahmatullah Alaihe) read this Hadith of Bukhari Sharif, he said, “It was as though Allah Ta'ala’s Nabi (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) had granted him knowledge. Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) had made great sacrifices. Due to the severity of hunger, he used to tie stones around his stomach. Because of weakness, he would fall unconscious. Whoever strives in the path of Allah Ta'ala, Allah Ta'ala spreads his fragrance. Today, mashallah, the students receive meat and roti. Ask us. During our student days, we used to eat meat once a week, and that too only two pieces. Today, students eat eight and ten pieces and think that they are making great sacrifice. We should take lesson from this. Be grateful that today striving is less. It is easy to learn your work. Therefore, make more effort. Study whole-heartedly. Study as much as you eat or as much as you eat, study. As much as you eat, worship Him. One of the students of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) was sa’eed Ibne Musayyib (Rahmatullah Alaihe). He was Tabi’ee who had proceeded all in knowledge and perfection. In virtue, a non-Sahabi cannot reach the rank of a Sahabi, neither Imam Abu Hanifah nor Imam Bukhari (Rahmatullah Alaihim). However, concerning knowledge, the field of Hadith and strength of memory, Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Musayyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) learnt the most amount of Ahadith of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho). Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatullah Alaihe), the great Muhaddith states in Mirqat, the commentary of Mishkaat, ?س? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﺚ ?ﺚ ?ﺚ ?ﺚ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?س? ?س? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ?ﻨﻟ? ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ? ?ﻛ ?س? 38

  40. The Rights of Family Members “He had most knowledge of Hazrat Abu Hurairah’s (Radhiallaho Anho) Ahadith. Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Musayyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) was a great Faqih (jurist), a great Muhaddith, a great Muttaqi and a great friend of Allah Ta'ala. He was born after 2 years of the commencement of Hazrat Umar’s (Radhiallaho Anho) (Radhiallaho Anho) ruled for ten and half years. What a status? When he accepted Islam, Hazrat Jibrail (Alaihis Salaam) descended from the heavens and said, “O Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam)! By Umar’s accepting Islam, there is celebration in the heavens and the angels are clamoring. The ‘title’ of ‘Farouq’ for him came down from the heavens. Khilafat. Hazrat Umar The Reason for Being Referred To As ‘Farouq’ Once a Jewish presented his case to Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) passed judgment against him. He then went to Hazrat Umar (Radhiallaho Anho) and said, “I do not accept the decision of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam). You decide. Hazrat Umar (Radhiallaho Anho) replied, “Wait here! I will decide now.” On saying this, he went into his house, brought his sword and severed his head. Thereafter, he said, “this is my decision. This is the consequence of who turns away from the decision of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) to the decision of his Ummati. At this juncture, Hazrat Jibrail ? ق ? ق ? ق ? ق ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ﻓ ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? (Alaihis Salaam) descended and said, “Umar is Farouq ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ? ﻖ ? ﻖ ? ﻖ ? ﻖ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻃ? ?ﻃ? ?ﻃ? ?ﻃ? title came down from the heavens, by means of revelation. ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ‘differentiator between truth and falsehood.” Thus, his 39

  41. The Rights of Family Members The Thought of Death- Silent Lecture In spite of having so many virtues, Hazrat Umar (Radhiallaho Anho) had a Hadith written on the ring which he used to stamp the documents during his Khilafat. What was this Hadith? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻈ ?ﻈ ?ﻈ ?ﻈ ? ? ? ? “The thought of death is sufficient as an advice.” ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ?? ﻲ ?? ﻲ ?? ﻲ ?? ﻲ Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said that the thought of death is sufficient as an advice. It is a silent lecture, for that person who does not leave sins, who has a severe sickness of passion, who has excessive anger or that person whose heart is not inclined to Salaah or fasting. It is mentioned in the commentary of Mishkaat Sharif that Allah Ta'ala has given two advices. One is a speaking advice, which is the Qur’an, and the other is a silent advice which is the remembrance of death. The thought of death does not mean that one must wrap himself in shawl, think of death and begin shivering. Rather that much of remembrance is sufficient which will prevent us from sinning. All these limbs which were used to commit sin will be destroyed e.g. the eyes which used to look at beautiful women and derive Haraam pleasure, the ears which used to listen to sinful speech deriving pleasure thereby. ???????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? “Whatever was seen was but a dream Whatever was heard was but a fairytale.” ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? For one dream and fairytale, a person makes Halaal Allah’s anger on himself. If the enjoyment was eternal, then it could 40

  42. The Rights of Family Members have been said, “This oppressor has angered Allah Ta’ala, but of least he attained some benefit.” However, here there is no benefit but merely a dream and figment of imagination. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? “O morning breeze, when you pass through the garden, Inform the distressed nightingale that autumn is ahead; do not become enamored with spring.” ??? ??? ??? ??? This world of deception is transitory. This garden will soon be desolate. One’s black hair will become white, cheeks will fold in, teeth will fall out, the back will bend and old age will set in. childhood will change into adolescence, which will change into old age, resulting eventually into death. Death will take one into the grave. To be enamored with that world which destroys childhood and adolescence is the work of a foolish and mad person. You bring upon oneself Allah Ta'ala’s anger for temporary pleasure. Allah forbid, if you pass away in this condition (in disobedience) without Taubah (repentance), then what will be your condition? Whatever will happen after one’s demise is there, in the world the punishment for one’s disobedience commences on one’s heart. A king always captures the king of another country. Before Allah Ta'ala sends punishment on the body, He catches the king of the body i.e. the heart. A sinner possesses no peace of mind and tranquility. He is in state of anxiety all the times just as one who takes heroin. He suffers and dies but he does not possess the courage to leave it. Others feel sorry for him, but he has no mercy for himself. At times a person falls into such sins that everyone has sympathy for him and beseechingly make dua for him but this 41

  43. The Rights of Family Members foolish person shows no pity to himself. Thus, Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) has stated, “If a thorn tree grows on the road, then immediately uproot it and throw it away. Do not say, “Tomorrow I will uproot it.” Then he keeps on procrastinating until eventually the roots of tree enter into the depths of the earth and they become firm. The remover becomes weak. Now even if he wishes to uproot it, he cannot do so. Therefore, Maulana advises, “leave sin quickly. If you delay then even if you wish to leave it, you will be unable to do so.” I have seen some heroin addicts. Police had caught them and were hitting them. Seeing this, I began crying, “Ah! In what condition are the Muslims?” their health is so severely damaged that they are close to death. I remember one poem of Shaikh ul Arab Wal Ajam Haji Imdadullh Saheb Muhjir Makki (Rahmatullah Alaihe) ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ? ? ? ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? “People cry seeing my evil condition, I cry because my eyes are not tearing.” Angels cry over our sin. The friends of Allah Ta'ala also cry. However, we do not even perceive that we are being deprived of the duas of the Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) , the friends of Allah Ta'ala and pious ones due to our sins. In our sitting posture in Salaah, Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) taught the following dua, 42

  44. The Rights of Family Members ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ??? ??? ??? ??? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ? ? ? ?ﻨﻟ? ? ?ﻨﻟ? ? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ?م ?م ?م ?م ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?د? ?د? ?د? ?د? ?ﺴﻟ? ?ﺴﻟ? ?ﺴﻟ? ?ﺴﻟ? ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ? ﻼ ?م ?م ?م ?م ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?و ? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻄﻟ? ?ﻄﻟ? ?ﻄﻟ? ?ﻄﻟ? ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ٰﻮ ٰﻮ ٰﻮ ٰﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺴﻟ ?ﺴﻟ ?ﺴﻟ ?ﺴﻟ ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ?ﺼﻟ? ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ? ? ? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ??ﻟ?? ??ﻟ?? ??ﻟ?? ??ﻟ?? ?ﻨﻟ? ? ?ﻨﻟ? ? ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?? ?? ?? ?? ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ ﻦ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ In this dua, it is stated that may Allah Ta’ala‘s mercy descend on all the pious servants. So when any pious servant becomes fasiq i.e. he becomes involved in sin, then he too becomes deprived of this dua. The Manner of Attaining the Duas of All the Auliyaa (Friends of Allah Ta'ala) in the World All the Auliyaa of the world, in At-tahiyaat, recite this dua in favor of the Saliheen (righteous). All those Auliyaa who perform Salaah in the Ka’abah and all those who perform Salaah in Masjide Nabawi also read At-tahiyaat. If we become righteous, then we will receive the following dua of all the Auliyaa. ﻦ???ﺤ?ﻠ?ﺼﻟ? ????د????ﻋ ﻲٰ??ﻋ?و ??ﻨ?ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻋ ?م ? ﻼ?ﺴﻟ?? However, may Allah Ta'ala not make it such that someone’s heart becomes so hard that all the people feel pity for him, but he himself has no pity on his own condition. This is something to fear. There is no other way out except crying in front of Allah Ta'ala. Only Allah Ta'ala can grant the ability and bestow His graces. Tawfeeq (ability) is only in the control of Allah Ta'ala. Therefore, make dua and request the pious servants for duas. ﻦ???ﺤ?ﻠ?ﺼﻟ? ????د????ﻋ ﻲٰ??ﻋ?و ??ﻨ?ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻋ ?م ? ﻼ?ﺴﻟ?? ﻦ???ﺤ?ﻠ?ﺼﻟ? ????د????ﻋ ﻲٰ??ﻋ?و ??ﻨ?ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻋ ?م ? ﻼ?ﺴﻟ?? ﻦ???ﺤ?ﻠ?ﺼﻟ? ????د????ﻋ ﻲٰ??ﻋ?و ??ﻨ?ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻋ ?م ? ﻼ?ﺴﻟ?? As I was mentioning, amongst the students of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaho Anho) was Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab. He had surpassed others in knowledge and virtue. One of his students was Hazrat Makhul (Rahmatullah Alaihe), 43

  45. The Rights of Family Members who was from Sudan and a Mufti in Syria. Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatullah Alaihe) has written that before writing a Fatwa, ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? . ?? ?? ?? ?? he would recite ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? The meaning of Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) asked Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Mas’ood (Radhiallaho Anho), “what is the ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? messenger know best.” Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said, ?و ?? “There is no power to abstain from the disobedience of Allah Ta'ala except by the protection of Allah Ta'ala and there is no strength to obey Allah Ta'ala except by the assistance of Allah Ta’ala. ?? ?? ?? ?? meaning of ? He replied, “Allah Ta'ala and His ?ﻃ ﻲ ?ﻃ ﻲ ?ﻃ ﻲ ?ﻃ ﻲ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?ﻋ? ?و ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﺑ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﺼ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?ﺔ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?? ?و ?? A Hadith Sharif states that these words are a treasury from the treasures of Paradise. The commentators of Hadith have stated that it is referred to as treasure of Jannah because due to its blessings, one will be granted the ability to perform good deeds and abstain from evil. These two actions, performing good deeds and abstaining from evil is the path to ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ? ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? might ask, “What is so special about the number 111? One of the 99 names of Allah Ta’ala is ‘Kafi’ (One who suffices). The ?? ?? ?? ?? at least 111 times. You Jannah. Therefore, recite ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﺣ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ل ?ل ?ل ?ل ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ة ?ة ?ة ?ة numerical value of Al-Kafi is 111. Inshallah, by reading 44

  46. The Rights of Family Members ?? Recite Durood Sharif before and after. Cry and plead, “O Allah, do not hand me to my Nafs. I have tested myself many times. My strength has been tested. Do not hand us over to our abilities, otherwise we will be destroyed. Assist us through Your mercy.” Inshallah, help will be forthcoming. Whoever seeks assistance from Allah Ta'ala will not be deprived. But one has to cry. Our father Hazrat Adam’s (Alaihis Salaam) work was done by crying. In a similar manner, people’s work will be done by crying. By crying, past sins will be forgiven and one will receive the ability to abstain from future sins. If one cannot cry in the true sense, then imitate the form of those who cry. This is also established from the Hadith. Rasulullah (Sallellaho Alaihe Wasallam) said, “If one cannot cry, then imitate the form of one who cries.” Allah Ta’ala‘s grace will also descend on this. ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? 111 times, Allah Ta'ala will be Kafi for your guidance. ?? ?? As I was saying, the student of Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) who was a Tabi’ee. One Tabi’ee is the teacher of another Tabi’ee. What objection can there be in this when one Sahabi can be the teacher of another Sahabi? Hazrat Ubeyy Ibne Ka’b (Radhiallaho Anho) is the teacher of Hazrat Umar Ibnul Khattab (Radhiallaho Anho) in Qirat. A Tabi’ee is one who saw a Sahabi. Hazrat Makhul (Rahmatullah Alaihe) is a Tabi’ee who was the great mufti of Syria. Such a high-ranking Mufti’s teacher is another high-ranking Tabi’ee who had most knowledge of Hazrat Abu Hurairah’s (Radhiallaho Anho) narrations. Hazrat Makhul (Rahmatullah Alaihe), the mufti of Syria said, ??ﻴ?ﺴ?ﻤ?ﻟ? ?ﻦ?? ?ﺪ?ﻴ?ﻌ?ﺳ ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ﻢ?ﻠ?ﻋ?? ???ﻴ?ﻘ?ﻟ ??ﻤ?ﻓ “I travelled extensively for the acquisition of knowledge ???ﻲ? ? ???ﻲ? ? ???ﻲ? ? ???ﻲ? ? ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ??ﻴ?ﺴ?ﻤ?ﻟ? ?ﻦ?? ?ﺪ?ﻴ?ﻌ?ﺳ ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ﻢ?ﻠ?ﻋ?? ???ﻴ?ﻘ?ﻟ ??ﻤ?ﻓ ? ض ? ض ? ض ? ض ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ??ﻴ?ﺴ?ﻤ?ﻟ? ?ﻦ?? ?ﺪ?ﻴ?ﻌ?ﺳ ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ﻢ?ﻠ?ﻋ?? ???ﻴ?ﻘ?ﻟ ??ﻤ?ﻓ ??ﻴ?ﺴ?ﻤ?ﻟ? ?ﻦ?? ?ﺪ?ﻴ?ﻌ?ﺳ ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ﻢ?ﻠ?ﻋ?? ???ﻴ?ﻘ?ﻟ ??ﻤ?ﻓ ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ر ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻃ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?ﻔ ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? 45

  47. The Rights of Family Members “I did not meet anyone more knowledgeable than Sa’eed Ibnul Museyyab.” ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ر ر ر ر The meaning of and Under the explanation of one verse, Allamah Sayyed Alusi Baghdadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) has narrated an incident of Hazrat Sa’eed Ibnul Museyyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe). Allah Ta'ala states, ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ن ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻧ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ۙ ? ۙ ? ۙ ? ۙ ? ۝۝۝۝ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﻳ? ﺮﻤﻗ ہرﻮﺳ ????? ????? ????? ????? ?ق ?ق ?ق ?ق ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﻨ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ? ر ? ر ? ر ? ر ? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻳ? ﺮﻤﻗ ہرﻮﺳ ?ﻳ? ﺮﻤﻗ ہرﻮﺳ ?ﻳ? ﺮﻤﻗ ہرﻮﺳ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ر ر ر ر ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ? ? ? ? and These are two names of Allah Ta'ala and . What does ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? mean? What is the difference between when ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ? ? ? ? Means ‘owner of a kingdom’ both are Allah’s names? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? whilst refers to ‘owner of a great kingdom.’ Allah Ta'ala ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ? ? ? ? has used both names. In surah Qamar, the names and ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ر ر ر ر have been revealed. رد?ﻗ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?ﻘ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ر ر ر ر these two names, the commentators of Qur’an have stated that the Isme Azam (great name of Allah Ta'ala by which duas are accepted) is hidden within them. In these two great names, Allah Ta'ala has concealed the acceptance of duas. If a person wishes that his duas be accepted then he should recite these رد?ﻗ means ‘the possessor of power’ رد?ﻗ رد?ﻗ whilst means ‘the possessor of great power’. Regarding 46

  48. The Rights of Family Members two names…. The commentators of Qur’an have stated that his dua will be accepted. Allamah Alusi Mahmood Baghdadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) writes one incident of Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) in the commentary of this verse. This incident is extremely beneficial for us. Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) was born in Madinah Munawwarah. He is thus a Madani. The Sahabah and Tabi’een (Rahmatullah Alaihim) used to perform Salaah in Masjide Nabawi. Once he emerged for Fajr Salaah. However, he erred in his timing and reached the Masjid two hours earlier. Until Fajr, he remained engaged in Tahajjud and the recitation of Qur’an. He felt tired after his excessive worship and thus fell asleep. A voice sounded from the unseen, “O Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab, read this dua, whatever you ask, your dua will be accepted.” Allamah Sayyed Mahmood Baghdadi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) writes that on hearing this unseen voice, he became afraid. The voice sounded again, “Do not fear, you are being granted a treasure. Recite this, ٓ??ﺸ?? ??ﻣ ?ر?ﺪ???ﻘ?ﻣ ???ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻣ ???ﻧ?? ?ﻢ?ﻬ?ﻠﻟ?? “O Allah, You are the Owner of a great kingdom, Possessor of great power, whatever You wish will happen. Whatever You decide will definitely take place.” ٓ??ﺸ?? ??ﻣ ?ر?ﺪ???ﻘ?ﻣ ???ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻣ ???ﻧ?? ?ﻢ?ﻬ?ﻠﻟ?? ٓ??ﺸ?? ??ﻣ ?ر?ﺪ???ﻘ?ﻣ ???ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻣ ???ﻧ?? ?ﻢ?ﻬ?ﻠﻟ?? ٓ??ﺸ?? ??ﻣ ?ر?ﺪ???ﻘ?ﻣ ???ﻴ?ﻠ?ﻣ ???ﻧ?? ?ﻢ?ﻬ?ﻠﻟ?? ن?ﻮ?ﻜ?ﻳ ?ﺮ?ﻣ?? ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ء ن?ﻮ?ﻜ?ﻳ ?ﺮ?ﻣ?? ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ء ن?ﻮ?ﻜ?ﻳ ?ﺮ?ﻣ?? ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ء ن?ﻮ?ﻜ?ﻳ ?ﺮ?ﻣ?? ?ﻦ?ﻣ ?ء From the unseen, a Tabi’ee was receiving a wazifah. Allamah Alusi, such a great commentator of Qur’an is narrating this incident in his tafsir, Ruhul Ma’aani. Hazrat Sa’eed Ibne Museyyab (Rahmatullah Alaihe) said, “For the remainder of my life, whenever I read this dua and asked for anything, it was never rejected, but always 47

  49. The Rights of Family Members accepted. Allamah Alusi (Rahmatullah Alaihe) says that when this is the specialty of this dua then why should I not ask? Therefore, in the same place where he narrates this incident, he wrote this dua for himself followed by these duas, ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ر? ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻛ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?و ?و ?و ?و ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ? ? ﻻ? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ٓ? ء ء ء ء ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ “O Allah! Make me successful in both worlds, grant me felicity, and become mine. Never be against me and assist me over those people who have rebelled against me and wish to harm and cause distress to me. Protect me from the worry of debts. Protect me from the oppression and abuse of people and protect me from the curses and objections of my enemies. ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?ﺬ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?ﻞ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ?ﻧ ﻲ ?ﻧ ﻲ ?ﻧ ﻲ ?ﻧ ﻲ ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?ﺒ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﺤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻋ ﻲ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?? ?? ?? ?? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ?ﻣ ﻲ ?ﻣ ﻲ ?ﻣ ﻲ ?ﻣ ﻲ ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ٰ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﺳ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﻌ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ?ﺪ ???ﻲ? ???ﻲ? ???ﻲ? ???ﻲ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﻲ ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻫ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺪﻟ? ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?ﺻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?ﻦ ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻗ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﻬ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ?ﺮﻟ? ??? ﻲ ?ل? ?ل? ?ل? ?ل? ?و ?و ?و ?و ?ﺷ ?ﺷ ?ﺷ ?ﺷ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ?ﻤ ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ﺔ ? ﺔ ? ﺔ ? ﺔ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﺟ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ?ﻣ ﻦ???ﻤ?ﻠٰﻌ ﻦ???ﻤ?ﻠٰﻌ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ر ? ?ر ? ??? ﻲ ﻦ???ﻤ?ﻠٰﻌ ﻦ???ﻤ?ﻠٰﻌ ?ر ? ?ر ? ??? ﻲ ??? ﻲ The Incident of Hazrat Yusuf (Alaihis Salaam) Forgiving His Brothers From here we learn that duas are accepted by the blessings of these two names, and . Thus, make this dua also, “O Allah! Grant us the ability to fulfill correctly the rights of our parents, relatives and children which are upon us. Since the matter of fellow rights (huququl Ibaad) is so important that Hazrat Yaqoub’s (Alaihis Salaam) son said to him, “we have oppressed our brother. We threw him into the well so that he dies or some caravan takes him away. Our bother Yusuf (Alaihis Salaam) has forgiven us. He said, ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?ﻻ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﺮ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?ﻳ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻋ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻠ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻜ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻢ ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻟ? ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻴ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?ﻮ ?م ?م ?م ?م “There is no censure upon you today. I forgive all of you. 48