The Life and Artistic Journey of E.T.A Hoffman
Explore the life and artistic journey of E.T.A Hoffmann, from his childhood to his successful career as a composer, writer, and visual artist. Learn about his personal relationships, including his affair with a married woman and engagement to his first cousin.
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1. By Makenzie Ladd By Makenzie Ladd and and Josh Baumgard Josh Baumgard
2. E.T.W. Hoffmann? Jan. 24, 1776 -- Born Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann, but later substituted Amadeus for Wilhelm in admiration of his idol, Amadeus Mozart. His father, Christoff Ludwig, left the family when Hoffmann was two years old with Hoffmann s older brother, forcing he and his mother to move in with Hoffmann s grandmother, aunts, and uncle after his mother fell ill. Otto Wilhelm Doerffer , his uncle, taught him to play piano, violin, harp, and guitar. When he was thirteen, he began to compose music and developed an interest in literature and the visual arts. When he was sixteen, he entered Konigsberg University to study law. During his free time, studied literature and music. Hoffmann supported himself during college by giving music lessons. He fell in love with his student Dora Hatt , a woman ten years older than him who was married. After ending the affair, he based the story The Deed of Entail on their relationship. He later became engaged to his first cousin, Minna Doerffer , while living in Berlin.
3. After being promoted in the legal system, Hoffmann moved to Poland where he began drinking. His satirical drawings of other legal officials earned him a demotion . Hoffmann married Michaelina Rorer after breaking off his unhappy engagement to his cousin. He took a job conducting while in Poland. During 1806, Napoleans army invaded and dissolved the citys legal system. Hoffmann sent his wife and daughter Cacilila away for their protection. His two-year old daughter died soon after. He resumed giving music lessons, and became obsessed with one of his students, fourteen-year old Julia Mark . Hoffmann used his feelings of unattainable love as a major theme in his later literary works. In 1809, Hoffmann wrote Ritter Gluck , a story that launched Hoffmanns career as a writer. It also came to define his writing style, as many of his stories feature ambiguity, multiple meanings, and the supernatural.
4. As a conductor during the war, Hoffmann wrote his opera masterpiece Undine. Upon his move to Berlin, he accepted a position in a court and rose to the position of judge on the supreme court of appeals . At the end of the war, Prussia appointed Hoffmann to a council that investigated fabricated crimes brought against liberal intellectuals. In his story Master Flea, Hoffmann criticized the legal proceedings and was interrogated by the police. He was forced to write a legal defense while enduring severe illness and escaped legal repercussions when he died on June 25, 1822 from paralysis of the nervous system.
5. Hoffmanns Works The Deed of Entail On which Edgar Allan Poe based a story. The Mask A singspiel that blends opera music and spoken dialogue. Ritter Gluck Best represents Hoffmann as a writer. The Golden Pot Hoffmann considered this story to be his best work. The Devils Elixir A novel. Undine Established reputation. The Sandman Freuds essay The Mines of Falun The Nutcracker and the Mouse King The Mademoiselle de Scuderi
6. Air of mystery and impending doom Air of mystery and impending doom Telepathy, optical illusions, and hallucinations Telepathy, optical illusions, and hallucinations Ghosts, villains, murderers, and madmen Ghosts, villains, murderers, and madmen Mesmerism, animal magnetism, sleepwalking, and clairvoyance Mesmerism, animal magnetism, sleepwalking, and clairvoyance Fairytales, nocturnal adventures, supernatural Fairytales, nocturnal adventures, supernatural Ambiguity, multiple meanings, the uncanny Ambiguity, multiple meanings, the uncanny A divide of self between the security of a regular life and the desire for art and music A divide of self between the security of a regular life and the desire for art and music
7. The German Romanticist The German Romanticist Influenced Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Dickens, Franz Kafka, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Leo Tolstoy, Alfred Hitchcock, and many others. The Nutcracker and the Mouse King inspired Tchaikovskys ballet The Nutcracker . The Sandman inspired Delibess ballet Coppelia . Jacques Offenbachs opera The Tales of Hoffmann is based on his life. The Deed of Entail inspired Edgar Allan Poes story The Fall of the House of Usher. Said to have written the first detective story, Mademoiselle de Scuderi . His music reviews of Beethoven, Mozart, and other composers set an example for later music critics. Freud analyzed many of Hoffmanns works for their psychological aspects. Hoffmann of the Ghosts Was called Hoffmann of the Ghosts for his interest in the supernatural.
8. Hoffmanns inner struggle between his dualistic life of legal service and art best defines him as a writer: It is something genuinely characteristic of my life that what happens is invariably what I least expect, whether for the worst or for the best, and that I am always compelled to do what runs counter to my deepest convictions. --E.T.A. Hoffman, in a letter written to a friend in 1814.