Understanding Prefixes and Suffixes
Prefixes and suffixes are essential elements of the English language that help us form new words and alter their grammatical functions. Knowing the meanings and common uses of these word parts can aid in
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About Understanding Prefixes and Suffixes
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Slide1SUFFIXES AND PREFIXESIt’s helpful to have a good understanding of what prefixes and suffixes are. Knowing their meanings and when they are generally used can help you figure out unknown words and can also help you make your writing better.
Slide2•S uffixes are attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to alter the grammatical function of the original word. • For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix - er ; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able . • Understanding the meanings of the common suffixes can help us deduce the meanings of new words.
Slide3A prefix comes before a root word and changes the meaning of a word. For example, if you take the root word game and add a prefix, it becomes something different. pre game- before the game post game- after the game
Slide4It’s helpful to know the meaning of a prefix to help you figure out a word. Take a look at the following prefixes and the root words they’re attached to. un- means not : unhappy, untied over- means excessive or completely : overconfident, overjoyed
Slide5A suffix goes at the end of a root word. It can tell you when something happened by changing the tense of a verb, modify the root word, or change the meaning. run- run n ing strong- strong est care- care less
Slide6Learning prefixes To learn prefixes and suffixes takes practice. Be sure to use learning tools, like dictionaries and books that you read every day. • The table below defines and illustrates 26 common suffixes.
Slide7Common Suffixes Common Suffixes NOUN SUFFIXES SUFFIX SUFFIX MEANING MEANING EXAMPLE EXAMPLE -acy state or quality privacy -al act or process of refusal, rebutal -ance, -ence State or quality of maintenance, eminence -dom place or state of being freedom, boredom, kingdom -er, -or one who does something as a profession protector, teacher, trainer
Slide8Common Suffixes Common Suffixes NOUN SUFFIXES NOUN SUFFIXES SUFFIX SUFFIX MEANING MEANING EXAMPLE EXAMPLE -ism -ism doctrine, belief doctrine, belief Communism, budhism, capitalism Communism, budhism, capitalism -ist -ist one who one who chemist, typist, biologist, chemist, typist, biologist, -ity,-ty -ity,-ty quality of quality of veracity veracity - ment - ment condition of condition of argument argument –ness –ness state of being state of being heaviness heaviness
Slide9NOUN SUFFIXES NOUN SUFFIXES –ship –ship position held position held fellowship, scholarship fellowship, scholarship -tion -tion state of being state of being concession, transition concession, transition Common Suffixes Common Suffixes We ’ re danc ers ! I ’ M NOT A COMMUNIST . I ’ M A PHILANTHRO PIST I DON ’ T CARE WHAT YOU ARE AS LONG AS YOU SHARE YOUR OWN STUFF !
Slide10VERB SUFFIXES VERB SUFFIXES -ate -ate become become eradicate eradicate -em -em become become enlighten enlighten -ify, -fy -ify, -fy make or become make or become terrify terrify -ize, -ise -ize, -ise become become civilize civilize Common Suffixes Common Suffixes
Slide11ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES-able, -ible -able, -ible capable of being capable of being edible, presentable edible, presentable -al -al pertaining to pertaining to regional regional -esque -esque reminiscent of reminiscent of picturesque picturesque -ful -ful notable for notable for fanciful fanciful -ic, -ical -ic, -ical pertaining to pertaining to musical, mythic musical, mythic -ious, -ous -ious, -ous characterized by characterized by nutritious, portentous nutritious, portentous -ish -ish having the quality of having the quality of fiendish fiendish -ive -ive having the nature of having the nature of creative creative -less -less without without endless endless -y -y characterized by characterized by sleazy sleazy
Slide12Common negative prefixes• Un- Il- Ir- Dis- • ACCEPTABLE – UNACCEPTABLE • CONSIDERATE – INCONSIDERABLE • POLITE – IMPOLITE • PROPER – IMPROPER • RESPECTFUL – DISRESPECTFUL • RESPONSIBLE – IRRESPONSIBLE • LEGAL – ILLEGAL • REAL – UNREAL Many wordsstarting with m- and p- for their negative with prefix im- . Many words starting with r- form their negative with the prefix ir- For example, impossible, immobile, irreplaceable. Exceptions: displeased, disrespectful
Slide13GO TO PAGE 53 ANDDO EXERCISES E AND F
Slide14PLAY GAMES AND LEARN!• http://www.vocabulary.co.il/prefixes/high-school/hs-prefix-meaning- match/ • http://www.learninggamesforkids.com/vocabulary-games/synonyms/find- the-synonym.html • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/antonyms/high-school/pick-the-antonym- college-prep-words/ • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/antonyms/high-school/college-prep-word- antonyms/ • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/suffixes/high-school/suffixmeaning-match/ • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/suffixes/high-school/suffixmeaning-match/
Slide15CREDITS• http://grammar.about.com/od/words/a/co msuffixes.htm • http://www.learninggamesforkids.com/voc abulary_games/suffixes-and-prefixes.html • SLIDES BY TEACHER ANGELA CARVALHO – OUT/ 2012 • Images: Google images