Understanding Figurative Language

Understanding Figurative Language

Figurative language refers to the use of words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning to create a more imaginative or expressive effect. This can include similes, metaphors, personification, and

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PowerPoint presentation about 'Understanding Figurative Language'. This presentation describes the topic on Figurative language refers to the use of words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning to create a more imaginative or expressive effect. This can include similes, metaphors, personification, and. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide2FIGURATIVE  L ANGUAGE  The term  Figurative  (figure of speech) means a word or group of words mean something more than their ordinary meaning. Example: When you call your little brother a “pig,” you don’t really mean he’s a pig.  Do you? When your mom says your room looks like a “pig sty,” she’s using figurative language.  Your room might be really messy, but it’s not a pig sty.  Is it?

Slide3LITERAL  The term  literal  means the word or group of words has its normal definition.  Example:  When your teacher asks you to “draw a conclusion,” she doesn’t mean she wants you to draw a picture.  If that’s what you think, you’re being too literal.   Drawing a conclusion  means to make sense of something  or  to form an opinion .

Slide4SIMILE  A Simile is figure of speech that compares two unlike things, using the words “like” or “as.”  Examples:  The soles of his bare feet looked as black as barbecue coals.  The girl had jaws like a wolverine.  The dinner gathering was as quiet as a chess match.

Slide5SIMILE  Questions to consider when reading a simile:  What is being compared?  Why are these two things being compared?  What is the effect or meaning of the comparison?

Slide6THE   SOLES   OF   HIS   BARE   FEET   LOOKED   AS BLACK   AS   BARBECUE   COALS .  What is being compared?  Why are these two things being compared?  What is the effect or meaning of the comparison?

Slide7THE   GIRL   HAD   JAWS   LIKE   A   WOLVERINE .  What is being compared?  Why are these two things being compared?  What is the effect or meaning of the comparison?

Slide8THE   DINNER   GATHERING   WAS   AS   QUIET   AS A   CHESS   MATCH .  What is being compared?  Why are these two things being compared?  What is the effect or meaning of the comparison?

Slide9METAPHOR  A metaphor is a comparison between two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as.”  Many times metaphors will use “to be” verbs to make the comparison:  Is  Am  Are  Was  Were

Slide10METAPHOR  Examples:  I  am  a shark when it comes to poker.  He ’s  a book worm.  They  are  peas in a pod.  The sea  was  a smooth sheet of glass.  Her legs  were  rubber, and her arms were noodles.  What is being compared?  Why are these two things being compared?  What is the effect or meaning of the comparison?

Slide11EXTENDED  M ETAPHOR  When an author continues the metaphor beyond one sentence, it is called an extended metaphor. What is being compared throughout the poem “Fog”? Fog The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. --Carl Sandburg

Slide12PERSONIFICATION  Another type of metaphor is personification. Personification is when a lifeless object, an animal or an idea is made to act like a person.   What human qualities are given to the wind in this poem? The Wind The wind stood up and gave a shout. He whistled on his fingers and Kicked the withered leaves about And thumped the branches with his hand  And said that he'd kill and kill,  And so he will and so he will. - James Stephens

Slide13HYPERBOLE  An exaggeration for special, often humorous, effect  "I was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far." 
  -Mark Twain, from "Old Times on the Mississippi”

Slide14ALLUSION  A reference to a well- known person, place, thing, or event.  Barack Obama alludes to both Jesus and Superman in this quote.  Many popular allusions come from  The Bible , Shakespeare, and Greek/Roman mythology.  Barack Obama's Humorous Allusion  
 "I was not born in a manger. I was actually born on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jorel, to save the Planet Earth."

Slide15IDIOMS  An idiom or an idiomatic expression is a word, group of words, or saying that has  figurative meaning .  Examples:  Shoot off one’s mouth  Let the cat out of the bag  Stick out one’s neck

Slide16PUNS  A pun is a “play on words” that has two meanings—one that is literal and the other that is figurative.  Examples:  Writing with a broken pencil is pointless.  I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.

Slide17REVIEW  What is the difference between figurative and literal language?  How is a simile the same and different from a metaphor?  How can you tell if a metaphor is an extended metaphor?  What is personification?  What are some examples of hyperbole?  What is an allusion?  Why would idioms make learning English difficult?  What is a pun?