Brief Historical Overview of Qualitative and Quantitative Research
This article provides a brief historical overview of qualitative and quantitative research. Quantitative research emerged in the late 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, initiated
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Slide1Brief Overview of Qualitative &Quantitative Research
Slide2Historical ReviewQuantitative Research: • Emerged in the late 19 th century to the beginning 20 th century • Initiated by researches from physical sciences, physics and chemistery. • Focus of observation: identifying educational patterns by assessing or measuring individual abilities, collecting scores or numbers. • Three historical trends: statistical procedures, test and measurement practices, research design.
Slide3Historical ReviewQualitative Research: • Developed during the late 19 th century to the beginning of 20 th century • Used in education more recent than that of quantitative research • Three themes that shape its history in education: philosophical ideas, procedural developments, participatory and advocacy practices.
Slide4Identifying Research ProblemsQuantitative Research • A description of trends or an explanation of the relationship among variables Qualitative Research • An exploration in which little is known about the problem • A detailed understanding of a central phenomenon
Slide5Reviewing the LiteratureQuantitative Research • Provide major role through suggesting the research questions to be asked • Justify the research problem and create a need for the direction of the study Qualitative Research • Play a minor role in suggesting a specific research question to be asked • Justify the importance of studying the research problem