Understanding Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and the Characteristics of Mental Health
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that explains the various needs that humans have, ranging from basic physiological needs to self-actualization
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About Understanding Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and the Characteristics of Mental Health
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Slide2CHARACTERISTICS OF M.H. Sense of Belonging Attachement to others Sense of Purpose Value oneself Positive Outlook “Looking at the bright side” Autonomy Promote self, able to be independent Positive Self Esteem Confidence
Slide3EMOTIONSHappy Sad Anger Guilt Empathy Love Jealous Fear
Slide4DEFENSE MECHANISMSCompensation Making up for a weakness Denial Refusing to accept reality Idealization Being like someone you think is perfect Projection Seeing your faults in others
Slide5DEFENSE MECHANISMSRationalization Justifying behavior Regression Immature reaction to emotion Repression Blocking out painful thoughts Sublimination Redirection negative impulses into positive
Slide6PERSONALITYHeredity Physical Mental *Eye & Hair color risk-taking, athletic *Height , body type artistic, intelligence Environment People-family, friends, peers Places-school, work, neighborhood Modeling-observing behaviors of others
Slide7PERSONAL IDENTITYInterest/Likes Movies, books, people Dislikes Pet peeves Talents & Abilities Artistic, musical, taping ankles Values & Beliefs Honesty, family comes first, democracy Goals Driver’s license, graduation, career
Slide8STRENGTHEN IDENTITYRecognize & accept strengths & weaknesses Show your positive values. Have a purpose in life. Create meaningful relationships. Do something good for community. Avoid unhealthy behaviors.
Slide9STRESS!!!!Mental & physical response of day to day demands of life.
Slide10CAUSES OF STRESSBIOLOGICAL illness, disability or injury ENVIRONMENTAL pollution, natural disaster, poverty COGNITIVE your view of a situation PERSONAL BEHAVIOR using drugs, not wearing seat belt LIFE SITUATION divorce, death, no $$$
Slide11WAYS TO MANAGEGetting enough sleep Engage in regular activity PLAN AHEAD Eat nutritiously Avoid tobacco & other drugs
Slide12STRESS MANAGEMENTRedirect work on project, exercise, clean Relax & Laugh deep breathing, count, stretch Positive outlook Change your perception Find support Find someone to listen & help
Slide13MENTAL DISORDERSCONDUCT CONDUCT The rights of others or basic social rules are violated. ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY In conflict with others. Unable to show remorse BORDERLINE PERSONALITY Engage in high risk activities. Troubled relationships. PASSIVE- AGGRESSIVE PERSONALITY Resent authority, uncooperative CLINICAL DEPRESSION MOOD Long term (2+ weeks) hopelessness, sadness
Slide14MENTAL DISORDERSBIPOLAR MOOD Periods of extreme happiness & sadness PHOBIA ANXIETY Extreme or irrational fear of something specific OBSSESSIVE- COMPULSIVE ANXIETY Pattern of repeated thoughts & actions PANIC ANXIETY Sudden unexplained feelings of terror. POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS ANXIETY Develops after terrible event (flashbacks)
Slide15MENTAL DISORDERSSCHIZOPHRENIA SCHIZOPHRENIA Los of contact with reality. (delusional) BULIMIA NERVOSA EATING DISORDER Eating food followed by purging calories ANOREXIA NERVOSA EATING DISORDER Self starvation due to poor body image BINGE EATING EATING DISORDER Eating mass quantities in one sitting.