IEP on IEPs: Information Especially for Parents on Individualized Education Programs
This article provides important information for parents about Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), which are written documents developed by an IEP team for each student
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About IEP on IEPs: Information Especially for Parents on Individualized Education Programs
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Slide1I.E.P. on IEPs: I.E.P. on IEPs: I.E.P. on IEPs: I.E.P. on IEPs: Information Especially for Parents on Individualized Education Programs Information Especially for Parents on Individualized Education Programs
Slide2What is an IEP?• Individualized Education Program • Each student in special education must have one • Written document • Developed by an IEP team • Parents must be involved
Slide3What is an IEP?• Students can be involved • Reviewed at least once a year • More often if needed • Revised as student progresses • Most important word is INDIVIDUALIZED
Slide4The program must be:• Created just for that student • Based on the student’s strengths and needs • Designed for the student to make progress in academics and functional skills
Slide5How does the IEPprocess work? • An IEP team is formed • As parents, you are the only team members who will remain constant throughout your child’s education
Slide6The IEP team is requiredto include: • The student’s parents • At least 1 regular education teacher • At least 1 special education teacher • A representative of the school district who can provide or supervise special education and who is knowledgeable about the curriculum and the district’s resources
Slide7The IEP team mustinclude: • A person who can interpret evaluation results • Others invited by the school or the parents who have knowledge or special expertise about the student • The student, whenever it is appropriate
Slide8IEP Meetings are held:• At least once a year • More often if the parents or school request it • At a time and place that is as convenient as possible to all participants
Slide9Parents are entitled to:• Receive prior notice of the meeting and the issues to be discussed • Be given reasonable time to prepare for the meeting • Ask for the meeting to be rescheduled to a more convenient time if necessary
Slide10The IEP team mustconsider: • The strengths of the child • The concerns of the parents • The results of an initial evaluation or the most recent re-evaluation • The academic, developmental and functional needs of the child
Slide11Special considerationsmay apply: • Behavioral interventions or supports if the child’s behavior interferes with learning • Language needs of the child if the child is not proficient in English • Instruction in Braille if the child is blind or visually impaired
Slide12Special considerationsmay apply: • Language and communication needs if the child is deaf or hearing impaired • The need for assistive technology devices or services
Slide13What should the IEPcontain? • Think of the components of the IEP as the “GAME PLAN” for your child’s education • The team sets goals, follows the plan, celebrates achievements, and makes adjustments as needed
Slide14“HOME BASE”:The PLAFFP • The PLAFFP is the statement of the student’s Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance • Academic achievement means classes like reading, English, math, science, and social studies
Slide15“HOME BASE”:The PLAFFP • Functional performance means how the student is doing in learning practical skills of daily living. • The PLAFFP should explain how your child’s disability affects progress in the general education curriculum
Slide16“HOME BASE”:The PLAFFP • This is the place to record your child’s strengths, interests and preferences and your concerns as parents • Include information about the student’s progress, needs, and expectations for the future • The PLAFFP is used to develop IEP goals and plan appropriate services
Slide17“GOALS”: Statement ofmeasurable annual goals Including academic and functional goals that are designed to: • Enable the child to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum • Meet the child’s educational needs that result from a disability
Slide18MEASURABLE GOALS• Concentrate on the word MEASURABLE • How will you and the other members of the IEP team be able to tell how much progress your child is making? • The goals should make that clear
Slide19“SCORING”The IEP must contain: • A description of how the child’s progress toward meeting annual goals will be measured and when progress reports will be made to parents • Parents of students with IEPS must receive progress reports at least as often as parents of general education students • May take forms other than report cards
Slide20“STRATEGIES”Statement of Special Education and Related Services that are to be provided to the student so that the student can: • Make progress toward annual goals • Be involved in and make progress in the general curriculum • Participate in extracurricular and other non- academic activities • Be educated and participate in activities with other children, both with and without disabilities
Slide21“STRATEGIES”Statement of Special Education and Related Services • Statement should describe modifications, services, and aids specific to your child • May include training or resources teachers need to support your child’s learning
Slide22“PLAYERS”participation in activities with all students The IEP must include an explanation of the extent (if any) to which the student will not participate in regular education classes and in activities with non-disabled students If the student is going to be educated in a more restrictive setting, the reasons must be explained
Slide23“PLAYERS”participation in activities with all students • Children with disabilities should be included in all activities including lunch, recess, P.E., music, art, and after-school activities, with non-disabled peers unless there are specific reasons they cannot • The reasons must be due to the needs of the child, not the convenience of others
Slide24“PLAYOFFS”Participation in Assessments • The IEP must include a statement of any accommodations that are necessary for the student to participate in district-wide and state-wide assessments that measure academic achievement and functional performance.
Slide25“PLAYOFFS”Participation in Assessments • Standardized tests like ITBS (Iowa Tests of Basic Skills) and ITEDS (Iowa Tests of Educational Development) • Identify needed accommodations • Explain if student requires an alternate assessment (only about 1% of students)
Slide26“SCHEDULE” for delivery of services • The IEP must include the projected date for services and modifications to begin and the anticipated frequency, location, and duration of those services and modifications.
Slide27“SCHEDULE” for delivery of services The IEP should explain: • What services, modifications and supports will be provided • Who will provide them • When they will start • Where they will be provided • How often they will be provided • How long they will continue to be provided
Slide28“GOING PRO”Transition Planning • In Iowa, beginning not later than the first IEP to be in effect when the student turns 14, the IEP must include a post-secondary transition plan. • To ensure IEP goals are designed to help the student reach after-high school goals
Slide29“GOING PRO”Transition Planning The transition plan should include: • Measurable post-secondary goals related to training, education, employment, and if needed, independent living skills • A description of transition services including the courses of study needed to reach post-secondary goals for living, learning, and working
Slide30“GOING PRO”Transition Planning • By age 17, a statement that the student has been informed of his or her legal rights under the IDEA that will transfer to the student on reaching legal adulthood (age 18 in Iowa)
Slide31A Little Final Coachingfor Parents • Parents and the student have important roles in developing and revising the IEP and must have the opportunity to give meaningful input • Parents are involved in decisions about both the program and the child’s placement
Slide32A Little Final Coachingfor Parents The key word is INDIVIDUALIZED – your child’s IEP must be designed to build on his or her unique strengths and meet his or her specific needs.
Slide33A Little Final Coachingfor Parents • The instructional program (WHAT and HOW your child will learn) must be designed BEFORE the IEP team decides WHERE it will happen (general education classroom, special education classroom, or other setting): • educational program FIRST • placement SECOND
Slide34A Little Final Coachingfor Parents The IEP must contain objectively measurable goals and be designed to offer meaningful progress in academic achievement in the general education curriculum and in functional performance
Slide35Strong Parent Voice• The bottom line is that the IEP process is your opportunity to have a strong voice in your child’s education and help design a program that is effective in meeting your child’s needs. The better you understand the process and your role in it, the better advocate you can be for your child.
Slide36Just ASK UsFor more information contact: ASK Resource Center The Parent Training and Information Center of Iowa 321 East Sixth Street Des Moines, IA 50309-1903 Phone: 515-243-1713 Toll free: 800-450-8667 Fax: 515-243-1902 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org