America's Entry into WWI: From Neutrality to Increasing Involvement
This article discusses the causes of America's entry into WWI, including the initial desire for neutrality, President Wilson's re-election, and increasing American involvement with the Allied forces.
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2. Neutrality In the beginning the United States wanted to remain neutral. The war was happening in Europe. Wilson was re-elected in 1916 O n t h e s l o g a n H e k e p t u s o u t o f t h e w a r
3. 3 Increasing American Involvement with the Belligerents Despite official neutrality, a huge leap in loans and exports to the Allies led to a vested interest in an Allied victory. Exports to Germany and its allies rapidly diminished in parallel to a significant rise in shipping to Britain and France. Such disparities in trade between the belligerents led to increasing conflict both domestically and internationally as many leaders at home and abroad bristled at the U.S. seemingly favoring the Allies.
4. W h a t p u l l e d A m e r i c a i n t o t h e W a r Unlimited Submarine (u-boat) warfare The sinking of the Lusitania Sussex Pledge is broken The Zimmerman Telegram
5. Unlimited Submarine (u-boat) warfare According to international law civilian ships must be warned before sinking allowing for passengers to escape to safety. Germany was not doing this!
6. Captured German U-boat in a British dry dock
7. The Sinking of the Lusitania British passenger liner that set sail from New York carrying American citizens. It was sunk without warning on May 7, 1915 off the coast of Ireland 1,198 lost; 128 US citizens Germans claimed the Lusitania was carrying contraband (war materials: guns, ammunition) She was!
10. United States Navy War Propaganda Poster With the Lusitania in the background
11. RESULT of the Sinking of the Lusitania G e r m a n y d e s p i t e p r o m i s e s s u n k a n o t h e r s h i p T h e S u s s e x , k i l l i n g 2 A m e r i c a n s P r e s i d e n t W i l s o n p r o t e s t e d & G e r m a n y i s s u e d t h e S u s s e x P l e d g e n o t t o s i n k m e r c h a n t o r p a s s e n g e r s h i p s w i t h o u t w a r n i n g a n d w i t h o u t s a v i n g h u m a n l i v e s
12. Sussex Pledge The Sussex Pledge broken: February 1, 1917 Germany continued unlimited submarine warfare
13. Zimmerman Telegram March 1917 The Zimmermann telegram released If the U.S. entered War against Central Powers, Mexico should attack the U.S. and receive as a reward: Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. AMERICANS WERE OUTRAGED!!!
17. America Declares War April 2, 1917 President Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war April 6, 1917 Congress declares war!!