The Beauty and Mystery of Earth's Oceans
In this lesson, we explore the vastness of Earth's oceans and their history. We learn about the different types of water bodies and their properties, as well as the interactions between ocean water and the atmosphere. We also review homework questions related to ocean water temperature and layers.
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About The Beauty and Mystery of Earth's Oceans
PowerPoint presentation about 'The Beauty and Mystery of Earth's Oceans'. This presentation describes the topic on In this lesson, we explore the vastness of Earth's oceans and their history. We learn about the different types of water bodies and their properties, as well as the interactions between ocean water and the atmosphere. We also review homework questions related to ocean water temperature and layers.. The key topics included in this slideshow are Earth's oceans, water bodies, ocean water properties, atmosphere-ocean interactions, water temperature,. Download this presentation absolutely free.
1. S6E3.a: Explain that a large portion of the Earths surface is water, consisting of oceans, rivers, lakes, underground water, and ice.
2. I will be able to 1. List the major divisions of the global ocean. 2. Describe the history of Earths ocean. 3. Identify the properties of ocean water. 4. Describe the interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere.
3. Homework Chp 13-1 p. 381 questions 2-10 2. The top layer of ocean water that extends to 300m below sea level is called ________. Surface zone Notes: Temperature of ocean water decreases as depth increases. Gradual change. Water in the ocean has 3 layers by temperature.
4. Surface zone Warm, top layer Extends to 300 m below sea level Sunlight heats the top 100 m Surface currents mix the heated water with cooler water
5. Thermocline Second layer Extend from 300 m to 700 m Temperature drops with increased depth faster than it does in the other zones
6. Deep zone Bottom layer Extends from the base of second layer to the bottom Temperature range 1C to 3C
7. 3 . N a m e t h e m a j o r d i v i s i o n s o f t h e g l o b a l o c e a n . P a c i f i c , A t l a n t i c , I n d i a n , A r c t i c , S o u t h e r n O c e a n s L a r g e s t O c e a n P a c i f i c S m a l l e s t o c e a n A r c t i c , i t s s u r f a c e m a i n l y c o v e r e d i n i c e .
8. 4. Explain how Earths first oceans formed. Sometime before 4 billion years ago, Earth cooled enough for water vapor to condense. This water began to fall as rain. The rain filled low-lying areas, and the first oceans began to form.
9. 5. Why is the ocean an important part of the water cycle? nearly all of Earths water is found in the ocean 6. Between which two steps of the water cycle does the ocean fit? precipitation and evaporation in the water cycle
10. 7 . Describe how the ocean plays a role in stabilizing Earths weather conditions. ocean absorbs and stores energy from sunlight, helps to regulate temperatures in the atmosphere 8. List one factor that affects salinity in the ocean and one factor that affects ocean temperature. Explain. Evaporation affects salinity. When water evaporates from the ocean, dissolved solids are left behind. Temperature of ocean water decreases with depth. Temperature at the surface is much warmer than the average temperature of the ocean.
11. (Using the image in your textbook on page 381) 9. At which stage would solid or liquid water fall to the Earth? precipitation 10. At which stage would the suns energy cause liquid to rise into the atmosphere as water vapor? evaporation
12. Notes: Ocean water is salty! This salt is the same kind you sprinkle on your food. Sodium Chloride How do the salts get into the oceans? As rivers and streams flow toward the oceans, they dissolve various minerals on land. The running water carries these dissolved minerals to the ocean.
13. Salinity Amount of dissolved solids in a given amount of liquid. Salinity is measured as grams (g) of dissolved solids per kilogram (kg) of water. 35 g of salt per 1 kg of water