"The Art of Time Management"


This book offers practical tips and strategies to help individuals effectively manage their time in order to achieve their goals and increase productivity. With chapters on setting priorities, overcoming procrastination, and creating a daily routine

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About "The Art of Time Management"

PowerPoint presentation about '"The Art of Time Management"'. This presentation describes the topic on This book offers practical tips and strategies to help individuals effectively manage their time in order to achieve their goals and increase productivity. With chapters on setting priorities, overcoming procrastination, and creating a daily routine. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide2ENGLISH INFLUENCE Kin Police  People watch out for their own relatives and kin  Watch System (until the mid-19 th  century)  Citizen Volunteers  Provided social services  Light street lamps  Soup kitchens  Recover lost children  Capture runaway animals  Minimal crime control

Slide3ENGLISH INFLUENCE Policing in England and Colonial America was largely ineffective, as it was based on a volunteer system and their method of patrol was both disorganized and sporadic.

Slide4ENGLISH INFLUENCE Responsibility of enforcing the law shifted away from citizen volunteers to groups of men living in the community.  This was the  frankpledge system  in England  Men formed groups of 10 called  tythings  (tithings)  10 tythings were grouped into  hundreds  Hundreds were grouped into  shires  A  shire reeve  was chosen to be in charge of each shire

Slide5ENGLISH INFLUENCE Individual members of the tythings were responsible for capturing criminals and bringing them to court  The  shire reeve  provided oversight of the activities conducting in the tythings of the shire

Slide6ENGLISH INFLUENCE The  shire reeve  evolved into what American law enforcement position today?

Slide7ENGLISH INFLUENCE American system similar to the English system  Sheriff’s responsibilities …  Catch criminals (least profitable act)  Work with the courts  Collect taxes (most profitable act)

Slide8ENGLISH INFLUENCE Colonial America  Night Watch (and later, Day Watch) groups largely ineffective  Members would sleep or socialize on duty  Citizen-based watch groups not equipped to deal with social unrest and rioting of late 1700s through the early 1800s  Emergence of publicly funded police departments

Slide9SIR ROBERT PEEL Metropolitan Police Act  Introduced to Parliament in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary of England  Created a police force to manage social conflict in London  Created the first “modern” police department  London Metropolitan Police, September 29, 1829

Slide10SIR ROBERT PEEL Father of modern policing  Integral part of the creation of the London Metropolitan Police  Created basic principles that would guide the formation of police departments in the United States

Slide11SIR ROBERT PEEL Why are past and current officers of the London Metropolitan Police referred to as Bobbies  or  Peelers?

Slide12SIR ROBERT PEEL Believed primary function of police should be  crime prevention  Work in a coordinated and centralized manner  Coverage across  beat areas  Be available in public night and day  Preventative patrol to  deter  criminal activity

Slide13SIR ROBERT PEEL Believed London Metropolitan Police Department should be viewed as  legitimate  Identified several principles that he believed would establish credibility with the public

Slide14SIR ROBERT PEEL – PEELIAN PRINCIPLES Police must be under government control  Military-like organizational structure  Easily accessible central headquarters  Quality of officers would contribute to legitimacy  Even tempered and reserved  Appropriate uniforms  Badge numbers  No firearms  Appropriate training

Slide15PEELIAN PRINCIPLES1. The basic mission for which police exist is to prevent crime and disorder as an alternative to the repression of crime and disorder by military force and severity of legal punishment.

Slide16PEELIAN PRINCIPLES2. The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police existence, actions, behavior and the ability of the police to secure and maintain public respect.

Slide17PEELIAN PRINCIPLES3. The police must secure the willing cooperation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain public respect.

Slide18PEELIAN PRINCIPLES5. The police seek and preserve public favor, not by catering to public opinion, but by constantly demonstrating absolutely impartial service to the law, in complete independence of policy, and without regard to the justice or injustice of the substance of individual laws; by ready offering of individual service and friendship to all members of society without regard to their race or social standing, by ready exercise of courtesy and friendly good humor; and by ready offering of individual sacrifice in protecting and preserving life.

Slide19PEELIAN PRINCIPLES6. The police should use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient to achieve police objectives; and police should use only the minimum degree of physical force which is necessary on any particular occasion for achieving a police objective.

Slide20PEELIAN PRINCIPLES7. The police at all times should maintain a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police are the only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the intent of the community welfare.

Slide21PEELIAN PRINCIPLES8. The police should always direct their actions toward their functions and never appear to usurp the powers of the judiciary by avenging individuals or the state, or authoritatively judging guilt or punishing the guilty.

Slide22PEELIAN PRINCIPLES9. The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with them.