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Underwater hockey • Originally called Octopush, Underwater hockey was started in 1954 by British diving clubs. • Sport in which fitness, swimming skills, and snorkeling skills are all improved by playing. • Non-contact sport. Incidental contact is allowed, but charging, holding, and obstructing are illegal.
About Underwater hockey • What is the purpose of the game? It is to push or pass a lead puck along the bottom of the pool, by using an underwater hockey stick, into the opposing team’s goal.
How many people played a game? • Two teams of ten players. • Six players per team are in the water, with four substitutes on the deck. • Men and women can play in a mixed team, and in a single-sex side. Even when women are slightly less stronger than men, they usually are more skillful.
Mask Ear protection Snorkel Glove Stick • What personal equipment is used? • Mask, snorkel, mouth protection, ear protectors, fins, glove and a stick Fins
More details of the game • General equipment: • The stick shall be made of wood, plywood or other homogeneous material that floats horizontally in the water.The edges must be rounded. • The puck is made of lead recovered by protective plastic covering with round edges. The puck shall weigh 1.3+ 0.2 kg. • The goal areas should be made of galvanised or stainless steel, with all sharp edges removed or protected.
More details of the game (2) • Fitness and subbing are important, as it is optimal to have 2/3 of the players in the water on the bottom at all times. • Individual dives are usually short, less than 30 seconds between breaths.
More details of the game (3) • How long does a game lasts? Competition games consist of two halves, each 15 minutes long, with a 2 minute half-time for teams to swap ends.
How many countries play Underwater hockey? • About 23 countries currently play underwater hockey, but day by day this sport is expanding its horizonts • Every two years a World Championship is played. • Next year the championship will be held in New Zealand
Countries playing Underwater Hockey • Namibia • Netherlands • New Zealand • Philippines • Portugal • Slovenia • South Africa • Spain • Switzerland • UK • USA • Yugoslavia • Zimbabwe • Argentina • Australia • Belgium • Brazil • Canada • China • Colombia • France • Germany • Hawaii • Hungary • Ireland • Italy • Japan