Population Eduardo Rios Rackeen Collins Martha Juste
Although controversial, this topic serves as somewhat importance for people living in America. It’s vitally important for everyone to know how much weight each individual has to contribute to our society.
What is Population? There are various ways of describing a population • Can be a group of individuals • Gender • Ethnicity
Environments • Location • Type of housing
Outlining Population • Balance beam of jobs to people • “Social Structure” • Immigration laws in effect
SCIENTIC METHOD RESEARCH QUESTION:As America changes with influences from other countries, America is now one of, if not the most diverse country in the world. Now as the population increases with immigrants, is the increase in population affecting the country positively or negatively, as far as crime rates, employment, and the economy?
Hypothesis: If the United States’ population increase with immigrants, then the crime rate, employment and the economy will increase.
Procedure THE HUNT BEGINS We started collecting supporting information to help lead us to a conclusion, is the increase of population which is related to immigration affecting the country positively or negatively. We went to countless creditable agencies like the NATIONAL BEREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH, US Bureau of Justice Statistics website,and whitehouse.gov.We’ve also seen a TV documentary “THE HISTORY ON ORGANIZED CRIME” to get more detailed information. The mini-series is divided into five chapters: Sicily, Russia, Colombia, China and India. It delves into the history and origins of how organized crime started and how it flourished in America and how it continues to affect society today.
Experimental Design VARIABLE I. CRIME RATE VARIABLE II EMPLOYMENT VARIABLE III ECONOMY VARIABLE IV POPULATION/ SOCIAL STRATA
Social Strata Social Strata is a social class we are categorized in. • Social Strata: • Upper class • Middle class • Lower class
Miami-Dade County was home to 2,376,014 persons in 2005. Of these residents, roughly one-quarter were children (people under 18) and 1 in 7 were seniors (65 years and older); while females outnumbered males by 3.7 percent.
Workforce • In July we went down to 6% from 6.3% in the unemployment rate • ‘The unemployment picture is hurt, not by the lack of jobs but from the growing pool of people”, Frank Nero. • For example: If there is 15,000 jobs openings there will be an unbalance beam of 25,000 people searching for them
Immigration Laws • INA (Immigration and Nationality Act) • This can include homeland security which states that even though you have no record, as long as you show proof you were born before a certain date then you are hereby a legal resident.
IRCA (Immigration Reform and Control Act) • Aliens who have been unlawfully living residing in the U.S before January 1, 1982 and were legalized through the INA then you are able to continue living here as a resident • Aliens employed in an agricultural work for minimum of 90dys prior to May of 1986 and legalized under the INA then you can continue to live here as a resident.
Cutting into Miami-Dade • To put all this together we can conclude that because of these laws we now have 4.2% of Haitians living in Miami-Dade in 2000, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. • The largest group is the Cubans.
Immigration and their lenient laws has a great amount influence on our population. We are tied between finding a right solution to our Cuban and Haitian affairs to basically giving rights to the people. Such as: • Wet feet-dry feet • USCIS The New Naturalization Test
DATA According to the U.S. Census, in the year 2006 the 300th million American citizen more than likely was a Latino…
CRIME • Crime has been around for ages, and in today’s world a lot of crime is motivated by the spread and usage of drugs.
GROUPS OF CRIME Many of the Mafia members who came to America in the early 1920s helped establish the La Cosa Nostra or the American Mafia. This is not to say that there isn’t other organized crime in this country. Beyond the American (Italian) Mafia, the FBI recognizes Eurasian, Asian and African organized crime groups active in this country. Because of these immigrant groups, a lot of crime enters the country by way of drugs.
From the experts George Borjas, an economist whose work is often cited favorably by anti-immigration groups. "The empirical evidence indicates that immigrants only have a minor effect on the earnings and employment opportunities of natives." About illegal's in particular, he writes, "There is no evidence . . . that illegal immigration had a significant adverse effect on the earnings opportunities of any native group, including blacks" (1990, 221, 90).
From the experts Butcher and Card "tracked wages in 24 major cities during the period from 1979 to 1989" using micro data from the U.S. Census and Current Population Surveys. They conclude, [T]he evidence we have assembled for the 1980s confirms the conclusions from earlier studies of 1970 and 1980 census data. In particular, we find little indication of an adverse wage effect of immigration, either cross-sectionally or within cities over time. Even for workers at the 10th percentile of the wage distribution, there is no evidence of a significant decline in wages in response to immigrant inflows (1991, 296).
Immigration to blame The NATIONAL BEREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH says "The 1980-2000 immigrant influx, therefore, generally explains' about 20 to 60 percent of the decline in wages, 25 percent of the decline in employment.
NATIONAL BEREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH There is evidence that a rising tide of immigration is partly to blame. Now, a new NBER study suggests that immigration has more far-reaching consequences than merely depressing wages and lowering employment rates: its effects also appear to push some would-be workers into crime and, later, into prison. "Remarkably, as far as we know, no study has examined if there is a link between the resurgence of large-scale immigration and the employment in our population," co-authors George Borjas, Jeffrey Grogger, and Gordon Hanson
Conclusion At the end of our experiment, our hypothesis is neither right or wrong. Who can really say that they or their past generations are 100 % American? Thus for, all the data that bureaus provide with the information we supplied ourselves will not really reflect the truth about immigration which is apart of the increase in population, affects crime rates, employment and the economy in a positive or negative manner… we are all IMMIGRANTS! What we can conclude is that population is increasing day by day. For the most part having lenient or stricter laws for immigrants will just prove that we are still a growing population. Our economy grew, the percentage of employed people dropped and the crime rate is still in affect.
REFERENCES http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/14495/brief_history_of_the_mafia_and_organized.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_the_United_States http://www.afsc.org/miami/statistics.htm http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/) http://desip.igc.org/mapanim.html http://www.citymayors.com/statistics/us_cities_population.html http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0395419/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organized_crime "The World History of Organized Crime" (2001) (mini)TV mini-series Director: Scott Alexander Genre: Documentary http://www.nber.org/digest/may07/w12518.html (EMPLYMENT) http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/2006/d/pages/immigration.html http://www.ilw.com/immigdaily/news/2007,0430-crs.pdf http://www.whitehouse.gov/cea/cea_immigration_062007.html http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/back504.html http://www.censusscope.org/us/chart_race.html