GrowYourOwn Illinois Hospitals Educating Students, Alleviating Workforce Shortages
Shortage of skilled health care personnel in US at critical levels • Unprecedented in depth and duration • Expected to worsen as Baby Boomers retire and workforce continues to age • Efforts have been undertaken to combat shortage, but are inadequate
Critical Shortage Nationwide • Hospitals reported 160,000 Registered Nurse (RN) vacancies in December 2006 1 • RN shortage projections for 2020 range from 400,000 to 1 million+ vacancies 2 • More than 5 million new health care workers will be needed by 2010 3 1“Workforce Challenges,” American Hospital Association. 2 “What Works: Healing the healthcare staffing shortage.” PriceWaterhouseCoopers. 2007. 3”National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses,” Division of Nursing. February 2007.
Illinois’ Workforce Shortage • 22 occupations in Illinois hospitals had vacancy rates over 7% in 2004 1 • Total number of professional caregivers is expected to decrease 4.2% between 2000 and 2020 2 • By 2020, Illinois will face a shortage of 21,000 nurses2 1 “2004 Workforce Survey,” Illinois Hospital Association. 3”State public health director talks about great opportunities…” State of Illinois Press Release, 25 May 2006.
22 Positions in Illinois Hospitals with High Vacancy Rates Source: “2004 Workforce Study,” Illinois Hospital Association.
When the Baby Boomers retire, who will take care of them? • More than 41,000 qualified nursing applicants were denied admission to U.S. nursing schools (undergraduate and graduate) programs in 2005 1 • Illinois’ academic institutions turned away more than 1,100 qualified baccalaureate applicants in 20062 and 1,900 students in 20053 1American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2005 data). As in “What Works: Healing the healthcare staffing shortage.” PriceWaterhouseCoopers. 2007. 2”Durbin’s Troops to Nurse Teachers Program.” Press Release, 15 June 2006. 3“State public health director talks about great opportunities…” Press Release, 25 May 2006.
Aging Population, Aging Workforce... • Demand for skilled health care professionals will increase sharply as 78 million “Baby Boomers” retire1 • 55% of nurses across the nation will retire between 2011 and 20202 • Average age of U.S. RNs in 2004 was 46.8 years.4 RNs younger than 30 account for less than 10% of nurses.3 1“Workforce Challenges,” American Hospital Association. 2”National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses,” Division of Nursing. February 2007. 3 “Strategies to Reverse the New Nursing Shortage,” American Association of Colleges of Nursing. January 2001. 4 Based on finding from the Nursing Management Aging Workforce Survey released in July 2006 by the Bernard Hodes Group.
The Good News? Unemployment rates for skilled health care employees are at historically low levels
National Employment Projections Registered Nurses • New jobs will increase by 703,000 from 2004 - 2014 • Total job openings from 2004-2014: 1,203,000 Nursing Aides, orderlies, & attendants • New jobs will increase by 325,000 from 2004 - 2014 • Total job openings from 2004-2014: 516,000 “Occupational Employment Projections to 2014,” Bureau of Labor Statistics. Monthly Labor Review, Nov 2005
What Can We Do? Springfield, we have a workforceproblem.
One Solution Already In the Works: Educate Students and Grow Your Own skilled health care professionals.
Regional Health Occupations Program • Hospitals partner with area schools to teach seniors in high school a Health Occupations Course • Students observe hospital staff, learn patient care skills, and earn school credit • At end of academic year, eligible students take the Certified Nursing Assistant exam…
… and most Health Occupation program graduates become Certified Nursing Assistants
What Exactly is this Health Occupations Program? • A health science technology class designed for high school seniors • A class taught by an experienced nurse that meets in a hospital 2 hours a day, 5 days a week • Curriculum includes study of health care careers, basic anatomy and physiology, and hands on clinical experience with real patients. “Regional Health Occupations Program,” Eastern Illinois Education for Employment System
Additional Details • Students carry auto and liability insurance and provide their own transportation and uniforms • Students must sign and abide by a confidentiality agreement with hospital to participate in program • Students observe health care professionals at work and receive training in basic nursing aid skills
Program Benefits • Course graduates are fast-tracked into post-secondary education opportunities: • Students receive academic credit for course • Some colleges reserve highly desired places in academic programs for Health Occupations course graduates • Health Occupations graduates become skilled health care professionals, benefiting their local communities and economies • Program serves as key bridge to industry and academia
Most Importantly… Studentsgain real-life experience and determine (before costly post- secondary education) if they want to pursue careers in health care. Hospitalsmake invaluable contact with their future workforce; many Health Occupations grads return to the hospitals in which they began.
One Illinois Hospital Builds on Program Success by Offering Students Scholarships • Hospital pays 100% of tuition and books at local community college for approved programs in health care • Student agrees to work full-time for the hospital for 2 years following completion of program or repay hospital all expenses
Program Results: 2000 - 2007 Of 117 scholarship applicants at one mid-sized Illinois hospital: • 14withdrew from program • 18found other employment • 25are in the educational pipeline • 29have fulfilled their obligation to the hospital • 60are employed by the hospital Keitel, Kal, “Healthcare Workforce: Growing & Developing Caregivers & Leaders for the Future.” 10 September 2007.
To This Mid-Sized Hospital, This Program Has Delivered… • 34 Staff Nurses, with 15 more in the educational pipeline • 17 Radiology Technicians, with 3 more in the educational pipeline • 4 Surgical Technicians, with 3 more in the educational pipeline • 2 Nuclear Medicine employees • 2 Ultrasound Technicians, with 1 more in the educational pipeline Keitel, Kal, “Healthcare Workforce: Growing & Developing Caregivers & Leaders for the Future.” 10 September 2007.
Now it’s time toGrowYOUROwn! For more information on this program and other workforce issues, please visit the Illinois Hospital Association online: www.IHAtoday.org/Issues/Workforce