THE Ascent OF Patriotism IN ASIA AFTER WWII - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE Ascent OF Patriotism IN ASIA AFTER WWII

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THE Ascent OF Patriotism IN ASIA AFTER WWII

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  1. THE RISE OF NATIONALISM IN ASIA AFTER WWII INDIA

  2. After World War II • principle of self-determination • era of decolonization

  3. Asia for the Asians • Japan and World War II had exploded the myth of Western supremacy • contact with Western culture and technology • Labor Party in Britain • Soviet propaganda

  4. Emergence of India as a Nation

  5. Three phases of development • The first phase, from 1885 to 1905, the Indian National Congress was dominated by the moderates. • Indians educated in English, who believed that the British would guide the country towards self-government.

  6. The second phase, from 1906 to 1919, the extremists emerged. • The faith of Indians in Great Britain was shaken by the Rouwlatt Bill, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the repressive methods adopted by the British government.

  7. British troops blocked the only exit and opened fire without warning.

  8. Third phase from 1920 – 1947Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

  9. At age 13, Gandhi married Kasturba, age 12.

  10. Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in 1891 to practice

  11. In South Africa the train conductor shoved him bodily off the train because he was Indian.

  12. Gandhi's 6 principles • Truth • Nonviolence • Vegetarianism • Brahmacharya • Simplicity • Faith

  13. Gandhi’ Salt March

  14. Quit India • World War II and Quit India • Do or Die • In 1944 Kasturba Gandhi died in prison. • Freedom 1947

  15. Ghandi’s Faith • When he was asked whether he was a Hindu, he replied: • "Yes I am. I am also a Christian, a Muslim, a Buddhist and a Jew". • 1948 assassinated by Hindu fanatic who opposed tolerance for all creeds and religions.