After World War II • principle of self-determination • era of decolonization
Asia for the Asians • Japan and World War II had exploded the myth of Western supremacy • contact with Western culture and technology • Labor Party in Britain • Soviet propaganda
Three phases of development • The first phase, from 1885 to 1905, the Indian National Congress was dominated by the moderates. • Indians educated in English, who believed that the British would guide the country towards self-government.
The second phase, from 1906 to 1919, the extremists emerged. • The faith of Indians in Great Britain was shaken by the Rouwlatt Bill, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the repressive methods adopted by the British government.
In South Africa the train conductor shoved him bodily off the train because he was Indian.
Gandhi's 6 principles • Truth • Nonviolence • Vegetarianism • Brahmacharya • Simplicity • Faith
Quit India • World War II and Quit India • Do or Die • In 1944 Kasturba Gandhi died in prison. • Freedom 1947
Ghandi’s Faith • When he was asked whether he was a Hindu, he replied: • "Yes I am. I am also a Christian, a Muslim, a Buddhist and a Jew". • 1948 assassinated by Hindu fanatic who opposed tolerance for all creeds and religions.