Chapter 6Collaborative Leadership Perry C. Hanavan
Collaborative Leadership - is a process or method to guide a diverse group of people to find solutions to complex problems that affect them all
Collaborative Leadership • It is leadership shown by a group that is acting together to solve agreed upon issues. • It uses supportive and inclusive methods to ensure that all people affected by a decision are part of the change process. • It requires a new notion of power...the more power we share, the more power we have to use.
Social Capital (Chapter 1) • - refers to those stocks of social trust, norms and networks that people can draw upon to solve common problems. • Networks of civic engagement, such as neighborhood associations, sports clubs, and cooperatives, are an essential form of social capital, and the denser these networks, the more likely that members of a community will cooperate for mutual benefit.
Types of Capital • "Social capital adheres in the set of relationships among people and those relationships are productive to the extent that they are based on a common set of expectations, a set of shared values, and a sense of trust among people." • "Financial capital is based on money," "whereas human capital is the stock of knowledge and skills individuals have, based on what their education or experience has given them.“ • President Bush referred to using his “political capital” after winning re-election in which he is pushing for social security reform
Social Capital in Schools • Various school reform approaches are noteworthy • The Algebra Project District 4 in East Harlem develop various strategies for: mobilizing networks of parents and developing their leadership capacities; incorporating parents into multidisciplinary teams; bringing adult education and services into school buildings; developing student internships and service learning in community organizations; organizing oral history and other projects around the stories of community leaders; involving community and local business leaders in mentoring • Schools build on the notion of creating a "conspiracy of the entire community" to educate the child
Social Capital Web Sources • Bowling Alone • New Leaders (MCREL)
Leadership • Schools, Parents and Teachers are increasingly involved in a collaborative manner in the schools • Site-based teams • Collaborative decision-making teams • Each brings many ingredients of stimulating productive experiences
Collaborative Leadership "Discovery consists of looking at the samething as everyone else and thinking something different.“ -Albert Szent Gyorgi
Leadership "Strength lies in differences, not in similarities"--Stephen R. Covey
Wants, Needs, Desires • Parents, Teachers and Administrators have essentially the same goals • Each has an interest in student success • "In the best of all possible worlds, community members would participate to a high degree in all aspects of their community life. Service organizations such as welfare would find many better ways to involve the people they serve in decisionmaking and in the formation of policy. In the worst-case scenario, social service professionals sit in their offices in high-rise buildings in the city and dispense forms."
Wehlage on Social Captital • "If collaboration is such a good idea, why is it so hard to do?" • "The successful programs try to serve youth in general instead of identifying who is at risk and who is not at risk and then only serve those labeled at risk. Why not just serve them all?" • "Who wants to go to the clinic if it is only for kids who are pregnant or have something wrong with them? If you create a different environment, everybody wants to come to it."
School Parents Community Collaborative Leadership Each has an interest in successful education
Collaborative Leadership • classroom management • parent involvement • parent education • cooperative education • charter school • site-based management
Continuum of Parent Leaders • Parent leader with no training • parent leader with leadership training • parent leader with a structured curriculum • parent leader with professional support • parent leader with parent support • professional teacher
To be successful: • shared goal setting and decision making • mutual accountability
Needs Assessment • Developing items for a needs assessment • Brainstorming • Annoyance Test • Open-ended questions • Question-answer sheet • Question box • Development of Objectives
How Parents Learn Best • positive climate • risk eliminated • parents are recognized for having something worthwhile to contribute • parents are actively involved in their own education • curriculum addresses their concerns and needs • parents discover the need for change on their own • respect and encouragement • real situations and analogies are used • positive feedback • different approaches • problem solving and analysis • relevant topics • parents are considered part of the learning-teaching team
Formal lectures lecture-forum symposium audio audio visual book review debate colloquy panel Informal brainstorming roundtable concentric table buzz sessions workshop dyad interaction role playing dramatization panel Types of Meetings
Initiator Leader Information seeker Clarifier Questioner Asserter Energizer Elaborator Orientator Opinion giver Summerizer Encourager Harmonizer Listener Follower Tension breaker Compromiser Standard setter Observer Recorder Gatekeeper Roles in Groups • Dominator • Aggressor • Negativist • Playboy • Blocker • Competitor • Deserter • Recognition seeker