The Core Disciplines Kenneth M. York School of Business Administration Oakland University
The Fifth Discipline, Peter M Senge Systems Thinking The Core Disciplines • Systems Thinking • Methods, tools, and principles, all oriented to looking at the interrelatedness of forces, and seeing them as part of a common process (a system) • A system is a perceived whole whose elements "hang together" because they continually affect each other over time and operate toward a common purpose
Systems Thinking The Core Disciplines • Examples of systems include biological organisms (including human bodies), the atmosphere, diseases, ecological niches, factories, chemical reactions, political entities, communities, industries, families, teams--and all organizations. You and your work are probably elements of dozens of different systems.
Systems Thinking The Core Disciplines • What is the effect of downsizing by 10% of your workforce? • Save on labor costs • Employees fear another cut, look for work elsewhere • Better employees can find other opportunities, others stay • Applicants are less likely to apply in the future, cost per hire recruiting costs increases
Team Learning The Core Disciplines • Team Learning • Team learning is vital because teams, not individuals, are the fundamental learning unit in modern organizations • Unless teams can learn, the organization cannot learn
Building a Shared Vision The Core Disciplines • Building a Shared Vision • Building pictures of the future that foster genuine commitment in people rather than compliance • The fundamental reason for the organization's existence • An image of the desired future • The values that describe how we intend to operate, on a day-to-day basis, as we pursue our vision
Building a Shared Vision The Core Disciplines • What is your vision for your college education? • To get a degree? • Confuses the degree with the education that the degree represents • To get job training? • Prepares you for your career • Why are you here?
Mental Models The Core Disciplines • Mental Models • Semi-permanent tacit "maps" of the world which people hold in their long-term memory, and the short-term perceptions which people build up as part of their everyday reasoning process • Deeply ingrained assumptions, generalizations, or mental images that influence how we understand the world
Mental Models The Core Disciplines • When you apply for jobs, who are you competing against? • When you are a Manager… • What tasks will you be doing? • What knowledge will you need? • What skills will you be using? • What is the standard of job performance your employer will expect of you? • What is the standard of job performance you will expect of yourself?
Mental Models The Core Disciplines • As a Human Resources Manager, what will you bring to the table? • How should the job performance of someone in this job be evaluated? • How much should this job pay? • Is this training program working? • Does this test discriminate? • Does this test predict job performance?
Personal Mastery The Core Disciplines • Personal Mastery • Continually clarifying and deepening our personal vision, of focusing our energies, of developing patience, and of seeing reality objectively • Mastery means a special level of proficiency; people with a high level of personal mastery consistently realize the results that matter most to them
Personal Mastery The Core Disciplines • A commitment to excellence, holding yourself to a high standard of performance • Self-insight into what really matters to you • What do you think deserves your best effort?
The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook, Senge, Kleiner, Roberts, Ross, and Smith A take home exercise • What is your Personal Vision? • Work: What is your ideal professional or vocational situation? What impact would you like your efforts to have? • Personal pursuits: What would you like to create in the arena of individual learning, travel, reading, or other activities? • Community: What is your vision for the community or society you live in? • Other: What else, in any other arena of your life, would you like to create? • Life purpose: Imaging that your life has a unique purpose, fulfilled through what you do—describe that purpose