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Skipper Jim Coulson, USN

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  1. Captain Jim Coulson, USN Commanding Officer Naval ROTC Unit University of Minnesota

  2. Agenda • Talk about 3 subject areas • Changing nature of warfare • The NROTC program • Leadership

  3. New World Order • More than 3000 Americans and allies died on Sept 11th 2001 • 184 in the Pentagon • Approximately 2000 children lost a parent • + 25,000 escaped the Twin Towers area

  4. Threat • Moving from state vs state to state vs transnational terrorist • Technology transfer making it difficult to track cells (chem, bio, digital) • States still tacitly supporting terror cells, but finding out it is a dual edge sword

  5. Protect US homeland and our bases overseas Project and sustain power Deny enemies sanctuary Protect information systems from attack Use network warfare to better enable joint forces Maintain unhindered access to space and protect our space capabilities from attack Defense Strategy

  6. Your Navy Today • OIF- Naval aircraft flew over 7000 sorties, putting 6000 weapons on target • NAVY-380,000 personnel, 315 ships, 4000 a/c • Going down to around 309,000, 298 ships by 2009

  7. The University • Big 10 school, 50,000 full time students • #11 in Research • Most engineering programs in top 15 in US…Chem Engineering is ranked #1

  8. NROTC at the U • 1939…Unit established • 1992 Unit slated for closure (120 students) • 1995 Closure reversed (1 instructor, 6 students) • Today…Staff of 9, 6 Instructors, 80 Midshipmen & Navy/Marine Officer Candidates • Cross town agreements with St Thomas and Macalester (25% are “Tommies”)

  9. NROTC • NROTC assigned to Office of Provost -Dr Craig Swan, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education • Oversight through Senate Committee on Educational policy, ROTC subcommittee

  10. CO, Aviator XO, CDR Aviator MOI Marine Captain 3/c Submariner LT 4/c Aviator LT AMOI (Gunnery Sgt) GS 6 Midshipman Records CO’s Secretary (U Employee) Supply SKC Stash Ensign Staff

  11. NROTC Average SAT 1288 -Math 653 -Verbal 653 78% Athletes 70% Top 10% class 57% HS Awards 66% Honor Society University Average 1205 -600 -593 30 % Our Unit vs U of MN Avg

  12. Ethnically Diverse Greater resistance to deployments Digital divide possible Diversity may cause some competing loyalties (Religion, Partisanship) Lines between Officer and Enlisted blurring -Enlisted Tech expert -Officer employment of strategy More use of contractors/civilians Work force is aging Officer in 2030

  13. Enlisted/Officer divide disappears Start as enlisted in some fields Some fields have only senior officers (Advanced science, R&D) Shaping the force difficult We keep adding items to career path, but not flattening responsibility/gates Adding “technospeak” and keeping the warrior’s edge paramount…ethos, commitment Future concepts

  14. Manning and tuition trends **The graphs depicts little change of NROTC unit staffing while student numbers fluctuate, and tuition prices steadily increase.

  15. Cost per Commissionee

  16. Why the Navy and Marines after 229 years? • 75% of world’s population and infrastructure within 300 miles of the littorals • Allies changing…world economy changing face of the term “ally” Ground based air forces not able to launch during Iraqi Freedom • Navy ships = Sovereign US Territory

  17. The 1990’s…decade of change Navy deployed at 4x the Cold War rate: • 6 Carrier Battle Groups engaged in Desert Storm • 1991 Start of 77,000 sorties enforcing Iraqi “No-Fly” Zone…54 crisis responses between ’92-’99

  18. 389,000 lowest since 1939 4000 aircraft , average age 16.2 yrs fixed wing/26 years helicopters 315 ships 12 CV’s/CVN’s EA-6B sole jamming platform down to 72 aircraft from 102 P3/EP-3 airframe aging Tough Financial environment due to recapitalization effort The Navy today

  19. Naval strategy • Moving away from “blue water” strategy and into the littoral’s • Surge policy to keep forces forward, surge carriers, “Sea Swap” moving crews not ships • Second CV (N) forward deployed in the Pacific • Remain the country’s 911 force

  20. Going to 309,000 personnel by 2009 F14, S3 retired by 2006 EA-6B in 2012 F18 E/F (& F18G in 2009) replacing all carrier airframes except E-2/C2 and helicopters Boeing building Multi-mission a/c due in 2012 Weaponry more expensive Personnel costs are largest controllable expense in Navy budget Ship/aircraft procurement “holiday” in 1990’s Delay to CVN (x) due to cost Future Navy

  21. Events leading to war against Muslim extremism Parallels to WWII -Rising Threat like Japan/Germany (Al Qaeda, Iraq, Muslim extremists) -Probing attacks like attacks on US gunboats in China (Embassies, USS Cole) -World focused on economy, not world events…calls for isolationism then and now! -Unprovoked Attack (like Pearl Harbor) on the Twin Towers

  22. Al Qaeda…a non-state actor • Means “The Base” -US and Saudi funding in the 1980’s to fight Soviets in Afghanistan -1990’s Sudan -1996 moved to Afghanistan to set up terror training camps with Taleban • Operating in 40-50 countries

  23. 1998 Kenya, Tanzania Embassy bombings 2000 USS Cole attacked in Yemen 2001 Suicide attacks in NYC and Washington DC 2002 Attack on Israelis in Mombasa, Kenya 2002 & 2003 bombings in Indonesia, Bali, Philippines 2003 & 2004 Simultaneous bomb attacks in Saudi Arabia Al-Queda (Continued)

  24. The Arab Muslim Connection • Ayman al-Zawahri, Egyptian radical wing called Islamic Jihad now the leader of Al Qaeda… Bin Laden probably in W. Pakistan • Abu Musab al-Zarqawi Jordanian leader of Iraqi attacks • Links to Chechnia in Russia, Abu Sayyaf in Philippines, Armed Islamic group in Algeria, Islamic movement in Uzbekistan • Radical Muslim philosophy - cannot co-exist with other religions

  25. Why fight at all? • USS Cole 17 Dead

  26. 9/11 ~ 3400 citizens of the world • Chance to establish Muslim democracies in Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia • Perhaps head off wider conflict with countries like Syria, Iran, Pakistan

  27. Ample precedence • Tripoli (1801 Barbary Pirates) • Philippine insurrection (Moros 1899-1913) • Achille Lauro Hijacker force down (Abbu Abbas) 1985

  28. Winning the war… • Technology making smaller “non-state” actors like Al-Qaeda more independent • World let the terrorist training camps operate/train unopposed for ~10 years…cleaning up isn’t easy…this is a war like cleaning up Nazis without world involvement

  29. Winning the war • First an end to the terrorist camps in Afghanistan, and isolate them in world community…done • Working on a stable Iraq. Similar to post-war Japan/Germany, but with CNN! • Offering proof that there is hope in free and democratic society...”kid with the candy bar”

  30. Winning the War • Material rewards…reestablish the middle class in Iraq and Afghanistan • Covert operations, psychological operations (win the hearts and minds), military assistance, greater international coordination • May take years…can we afford not to?

  31. The Future ? • Evidence of additional problems • -World focused on Iraq…Arab vs African conflict spreading…Sudan 50-100,000 dead due to Janjaweed Arab Muslim militias on African

  32. Muslims-Evidence of Muslim extremism in Niger, Chad, Mali, Mautitania, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, possibly Libya • Can we afford to wait again? What if they have nuclear/biotechnology next time?

  33. Allies • World economy redefining alliances -Schisms existed before Iraqi invasion due to EU competition. NATO allies using this as an excuse for economic gain • Changing population of Europe redefining their security posture…European more socialist/leftist and less likely to rely upon US for world alliance

  34. Way ahead • Al Qaeda failed to accomplish its strategy of worldwide Muslim revolution, disruption of US economy • Dissent is normal…Revolution, Mexican war, Civil war, WW I, WW II & Vietnam all had large levels of debate US needs to secure its borders, pursue a win-win strategy with Muslim governments, and mobilize more public support (coherent message) by showing its successes vice failures

  35. Leadership • The Boss… • May/May not have lead before • Isn’t a mind reader • Needs your help to take on projects/volunteer • Beware the toxic leader!

  36. Leadership • The Staff… • Set the tone you want in your work place, don’t let the tone set you • Lead by personal example • Watch what you say…others do! • Fraternization/Sexual Harassment…good way for an unplanned exit the work force

  37. Leadership • Your Peers • May not be as motivated • Probably won’t receive leadership training • May have different standards than you

  38. Leadership • Ethics - What may be legal may not be ethical • Seek increasing positions of responsibility • Take leadership classes whenever available/possible…beware of “fads”