ROCHESTER Group END-OF-LIFE Study REPORT January 2001 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ROCHESTER Group END-OF-LIFE Study REPORT January 2001 PowerPoint Presentation
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ROCHESTER Group END-OF-LIFE Study REPORT January 2001

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  1. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 RIPA / BLUE CROSS END-OF-LIFE / PALLIATIVE CARE PROFESSIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE

  2. Members of the RIPA/BCBSRA Professional Advisory Committee Howard Beckman, M.D., Medical Director, RIPA, Committee Chair  Judith Gedney Baggs, Ph.D., R.N., Associate Professor University of Rochester School of Nursing and School of Medicine and Dentistry Edgar Black, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, BCBSRA Patricia Bomba, M.D., Excellus Medical Director, Geriatrics, Patricia Heffernan, C.S.W., VP, Genesee Region Home Care Robert McCann, M.D., Chief, Department of Medicine, Highland Hospital Kathy McGrail, M.D., Medical Director, VNS Hospice Nancy Pictor, RN, RIPA Special Project Staff Timothy Quill, M.D., Director of Program for Bio-Pyschosocial Studies at the University of Rochester Bernard Shore, M.D., Medical Director, Jewish Home of Rochester Julia Smith, M.D., Oncologist and Director, Palliative Care Unit, Genesee Hospital Rocco Vivenzio, M.D., Geriatrician and Board member, RIPA.

  3. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

  4. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Are Advance Directives solicited on admission to your facility? If so, what percentage of patients had advance directives in their records?

  5. ADVANCE CARE DIRECTIVESIN RECORD

  6. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • What percent of residents/ clients/patients have living wills, durable power of attorney, DNR orders, or health care proxy?

  7. TYPE OF ADVANCE CAREDIRECTIVE COMPLETED

  8. ADVANCE CARE DIRECTIVESSKILLED NURSING FACILITIES

  9. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • What percentage of patients with cancer, heart failure, COPD/emphysema or dementia has an Advance Directive or a DNR order in place? (Home Care and Hospice only)

  10. ADVANCE CARE DIRECTIVESHOME CARE PATIENTSCHRONIC ILLNESS

  11. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Do your disease management pathways for cancer, heart failure, COPD/ emphysema and dementia include a discussion of advance care planning?

  12. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Is pain recorded as a vital sign by nurses/aides in your institution?

  13. PAIN AS 5TH VITAL SIGN

  14. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • What percent of hospice patients die within 7 days of referral to the program?

  15. HOSPICE PATIENTS DIEDWITHIN 7 DAYS OF REFERRAL

  16. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • What is the average length of stay for hospice patients referred from hospitals, home care, doctor’s offices, and skilled nursing facilities?

  17. AVERAGE LOS HOSPICE PATIENTSBASED ON REFERRAL SITE

  18. PATIENTS ENROLLED IN HOSPICE BY DIAGNOSIS

  19. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • What percent of opioid prescriptions are for long acting preparations?

  20. Qualitative Assessment of Commentsfrom SNF’s • Communication between staff and residents/families is time-consuming and difficult. • Many residents and families do not understand Advance Directives. • Many residents and families deny the need to make end-of-life decisions. • The lack of discussion between a resident and his/her proxy resulted in conflicts for care providers regarding the resident’s expressed wishes and those of the designated proxy. • Clarity between resident, family, proxy, and staff results in following resident’s wishes, which increases staff’s professional satisfaction.

  21. Questions for Group & Experts • What should our benchmark be for % of patients admitted to a facility with an AD? • What comprehensive AD forms are available? How can we adopt a community standard and assure all will accept it? • What are reasonable benchmarks for the % of patients who die within 7 days of referral to hospice?

  22. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Areas most in need of attention

  23. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Assuring that a greater percentage of patients, especially patients with chronic debilitating illnesses, understand, complete, and use Advance Directives. • Once completed, health care institutions must ensure their availability and commit to honoring them.

  24. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Promoting earlier hospice referrals for terminally ill patients so that the social, spiritual, and psychological components of suffering can be addressed.

  25. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Establishing comprehensive pain assessment and treatment standards at all facilities and agencies.

  26. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Encouraging health care institutions to set performance goals and track basic statistics regarding end-of-life care

  27. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Specific Recommendations

  28. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Advance Directives • Offer multiple professional and lay presentations on Advance Directives. • Promote universal acceptance of an Advance Directive form, which, once completed, would be honored at all community facilities. • Establish community standards and basic measures that should be tracked at all health care institutions.

  29. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Advance Directives (continued) • Share resource materials that assist with the discussion of Advance Directives. • Recommend Advance Care Directives prompts on all Rochester Health Commission guidelines and site-specific chronic disease pathways. • Clarify, then educate primary care physicians about reimbursement options for discussing Advance Directives with patients.

  30. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Hospice Referrals • Educate professionals and case managers regarding symptom indicators in chronic illness that predict a six-month or less prognosis. • Recommend inclusion of hospice referral prompts as appropriate in disease management and home care agency pathways.

  31. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Hospice Referrals (continued) • Encourage earlier referrals to hospice, thereby decreasing the percentage of patients dying within seven days of admission to hospice. • Provide feedback to facilities regarding hospice referral patterns on a quarterly basis (hospitals, home care agencies, skilled nursing facilities, and physician organizations).

  32. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 Evaluation and Management of Pain & Other Symptoms • Recommend standards for routine pain assessment and management for all facilities. Distribute examples of “best practice” policies. • Report opioid usage patterns per disease for the Rochester Community.

  33. ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001 • Establish a mechanism of reimbursement for certified palliative care specialists to provide consultations at all area hospitals, hospice programs, home care agencies, and skilled nursing facilities by 6/30/01.