Operating Systems: Microsoft Windows 2000, Sun Solaris, and Linux Team 1 Presentation John Greves Brooke Hansen Jean-Philippe Frutos Fabio Sciortino
Agenda • What are the differences and strategies of the products? • What is their source of revenue? • How do these products deal with pricing issues? • How do they handle rights management? • In what way are the products integrated into the internet? • Conclusion
Product Differences • Microsoft Windows 2000 • Built-in web and application services. • Internet-standard security. • Readily Scaled: One or two servers with a few clients or hundreds of servers with thousands of clients. • 32-bit Environment. • User-friendly interface. • Top market share—widely used.
Product Differences • Sun Solaris • 64-bit Environment… • Easily handles heavy network traffic, huge data sets, enormously compute-intensive problems. • Enables web servers to handle many more users. • Dynamic reconfiguration—more reliable and serviceable.
Product Differences • Linux • 32-bit Environment. • Uses pre-emptive multitasking. • Protected memory. • Supports multiple users. • Rich support for networking, including TCP/IP networking. • Runs on a variety of hardware. • Designed for experienced users—gives ability to create one’s own platform.
Product Strategies • Windows 2000: Capture general market—most commonly used operating system. • Sun Solaris: Business oriented—reliable environment for network computing. • Linux: Provide stable and adaptable operating environment for more technical users.
Windows/Solaris Performance SAP Retail Benchmark Tests Measured in millions of line-items processed per hour
Source of Revenue • Windows 2000: Sales to home, business, and academic users. • Sun Solaris: Sales generated mostly from business users. • Linux: Distributing companies generate revenue from selling operating system. Distributors
Product Pricing • Windows 2000: • Versioning—Microsoft created Windows 2000 on the NT server for businesses, and Windows Millennium for home users. Windows 2000 also ships in Professional and Server Family versions. • Group Pricing—Licenses discounted packages for schools, companies, etc. • Lock-in: Switching from Windows 2000 is expensive for companies since Microsoft dominates the market. • Customer Loyalty: By offering incentives to schools, students become familiar with the OS format.
Product Pricing • Sun Solaris: • Versioning—Sun has created three versions of the Solaris system: workgroup, enterprise, or service provider. • Group Pricing—Licenses are provided in bulk to lower the price for businesses.
Product Pricing • Linux: • Versioning—Linux offers different versions of their operating system for several different processors and bus systems, in order to reach all types of users. • Linux operating system is available for free though the Free Software Foundation, but commercial versions are available that offer help features and are easier to install.
Rights Management • Microsoft: Private company--holds patents on software and keeps source code private. • Sun Solaris: Private company—same conditions as Microsoft. • Linux: Publicly developed and copyrights are held by various creators, but source code available to all. Explanation
Internet Integration • Microsoft: Built-in web capabilities and provides support for internet enabled applications. • Sun Solaris: Designed for internet—TCP/IP is core of Solaris networking. • Linux: Rich support for TCP/IP networking and runs several internet applications.
Conclusion • Microsoft Windows 2000—User friendly and most popular, but not open to modification. • Sun Solaris—Designed for business users and considered more stable than Windows 2000. • Linux: Free and adaptable, but designed for technical users—less user friendly.