Begin to UnderstandQur’an & Salah The Easy Way Basic Course Lesson – 7 www.understandQuran.com
Lesson Plan Hadith Quran - SurahAl-Kafiroon Grammar - Prepositionsبِ، فِي، عَلی، إلَی Motivational Tip - Use the Quran now Reminders
Hadith Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying: "By Allah, I seek Allah's forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.'' [Al-Bukhari]
AL QURAN Surah Al-Kafiroon
Open your notes & Take out your pencil • Let us study it verse by verse. • Keep looking at your notes and note down the important points.
Background of revelation • The disbelievers of Makkah has made many offers to Prophet Mohamed pbuh, including wealth, women and kingdom to stop him from spreading his message. • Then, they asked him to worshop their gods for one year; in return, they will worship his god for a year. • This surah responds to all their proposals definitely and decisively. Source: Maa’riful Quran
Virtues of this Sura • Prophet Mohamed pbuh has recited Surah Al Kafiroon and Surah Al Ikhlas in the sunnah prayers of both Fajr and Maghrib. • Prophet Mohamed pbuh has advised his companions to recite it before going to sleep. He has told that this will protect them from polytheism.
1 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Words قُل يَآأَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ How Allah addresses believers & disbelievers ََيَا أَيُّهَاالَّذِينَآمَنُوا قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَاالْكَافِرُونَ O You whobelieve! Say, “O disbelievers!”
Words كَافِر • Some Muslims think that all people know what Islam is! Through Media, internet, … • Look at Muslims themselves. 90% or more don’t know what is in the Qur’an. And they expect others to know what Islam is? • This is really arrogance and forgetting one’s own job. Look at how many times the Prophet pbuh conveyed the Message to Quraish in Makkah.. for 13 years!!! How many years have we done? 13 hours so far?
Words قُل يَآأَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ 1 Plural singular كَافِرون كَافِرين كَافِر
1 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ • Allah is angry with the disbelievers. In the whole Qu’ran, Allah does not address them directly. • Should we not be alerted and respond immediately? We should think about what we are doing. Are we following our egos & traditions or are we following the Qu’ran and Sunnah?
Words لاَأَعْبُدُمَاتَعْبُدُونَ Words from the same root ع ب د. We will learn these systematically later. أَعْبُدُ نَعْبُدُ I worship We worship تَعْبُدُونَ You all worship
2 Because concept of Allah in Islam and other religions is different. There it is polytheism or association with Allah.
Words وَلاَأَنتُمْعَابِدُونَمَآأَعْبُدُ 1 Plural singular عَابِدُون عَابِدين عَابِد
3 You do not worship only ONE deity, i.e., Allah. You associate partners with Him or call someone as son of God or avtar (human form) of God or you have angels as daughters of God; and so on. You do not have pure Tawheed.
Words وَلاَ أَنَاعَابِدٌمَّاعَبَدْتُّمْ فَعَلْتُم عَبَدْتُم You all did You all worshipped
4 لاَ أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَwas about present situation وَلاَ أَنَاعَابِدٌمَّاعَبَدْتُّمْThis is about future. That is: No compromise in the matter of Deen (not because of arrogance, but because we are afraid of Allah).
5 You don’t worship what I worship. (That is why I am not going to worship your way now nor in future)
Not مَآ What In this Surah, مَا is used ONLY in the sense of ‘what’
Abada used in this Surah… عَابِد عَابِدُونَ Worshipper worshippers I worship Worshippers You all worshipped We worship عَابِدون عَبَدتُّمْ نَعْبُدُ أَعْبُدُ
لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ (6) • Not a message to say that All religions are equal. • Neither a message that we should stop Da’wah. Did the Prophet stop preaching after this revelation? • It was revealed in response to offer of compromise. No compromise in faith matters.
In this Sura, we learnt that we should worship Allah alone and should never make any compromise when it comes to Deen. We do this not because of arrogance but because of fear of Allah’s punishment.
Silent Study for 2 min. in Silence Use your pencil to mark or underline new words. And now translate…
DPPR Ask Propagate Understand I+G Evaluate Plan Check سورةالكافرون 461 150 قُلْ يَآأَيُّهَاالْكَافِرُونَ(1) لاَأَعْبُدُمَاتَعْبُدُونَ(2) وَلاَأَنتُمْعَابِدُونَمَآأَعْبُدُ(3) 143 135
DPPR Ask Propagate Understand I+G Evaluate Plan Check سورةالكافرون 68 وَلاَ أَنَاعَابِدٌمَّاعَبَدْتُّمْ(4) وَلاَ أَنتُمْعَابِدُونَمَآأَعْبُدُ(5) لَكُمْدِينُكُمْوَلِيَ دِينِ(6) 1367
Let us Revise the last class
These parts have come in almost every line of the Qur’an (almost 10,000 times) His/him, their/them, …
رَبّ Cherisher & sustainer When practicing in Arabic, say it as if you are talking to Arabs
These prepositions have occurred 4960 times in the Quran with the 7 pronouns. قواعد لَ لِ: لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِين مِن:أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَان عَن:رَضي الله عنه، عَنِ النَّعِيم مَعَ:إنَّ الله َ مَعَ الصَّابِرِين
These prepositions have occurred 4327 times in the Quran with the 7 pronouns. -هُ -هُمْ -كَ -كُمْ -ي -نَا بِ فِي عَلَى إِلَى --- هَا
in بِسْمِ الله
in فِي سَبِيلِ الله
on السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ
to إنَّا ِللهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُون
Words of this table has come 4327 times in the Quran قواعد
DPPR دعاء تبليغ سمجهو ا+ا احتساب پلان Check Qur’an is not Only Easy but an Excellent Work
Meanings of مَنْ مَنْ who I am the one who … Who are you?
Meanings of مَنْ مَنْ who مَنْ رَبُّكَ؟ خَيركُمْ مَّنْ تَعَلَّمَ القرآن وعلّمه سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه،
تَعَلَّمَ ، عَلَّمَ تَعَلَّمَ عَلَّمَ Learnt taught
The best class… • You may have attended hundreds of classes so far. This is the best one (and those in which you learnt the Qur’an). • Right now, thousands of classes may have been in progress. But the best in the sight of Allah is the one in which Qur’an is taught.