The Virtual Sea Border: web interrogation for enhanced US port security Dale Ferriere National Infrastructure Institute Center for Infrastructure Expertise email@example.com
Threat Disrupting maritime commerce and freedom of navigation into the United States could create a nearly instantaneous global economic recession or depression
April 2005 GAO report on maritime security emphasizes a need for “information sharing among port security stakeholders” USCG Electronic Notice of Arrival/Departure (e-NOA/D) provides an online web based and an off-line versions Motivation Government Agency Initiative US Port Security Intelligence Law Enforcement Initiative Public Sector Initiative CACI Technologies Inc. proposal to create a Web-based information portal that can enable the various security and government agencies to share and exchange information currently available in their respective databases
96 hour pre-arrival notice information • ship’s flag state administration • Owner • Operator • Cargo type • Classification society • Last port of call • Next port of call • US port state control boarding history • etc SANS Static Risk Assessment E-NOA/D Risk Assessment: Current Protocol
Office of the Port Captain US Customs and Border Patrol US Immigration and Customs Enforcement National Vessel Movement Center SANS (Ship Arrival Notification System) Static Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment E-NOA/D Does this risk assessment process identify how the ship is owned, managed, financed, chartered (Y or N)?
How thorough is the current “at sea” law enforcement sweep? • Purpose • Assurances - those on board are who they say they are • Those on board prevented from doing harm? • Effectiveness • Limited in scope (visual only) • Disallowed from entering confined spaces e.g., pump room, hazardous locations on gas ships, etc. • Multitude of hiding spaces remain not inspected • Result • Commercial Delays OR Effective Terrorist Incident Deterrent?
Vulnerabilities Al Queda is presently operating dozens of freight ships worldwide No interactive real-time communication with shipping and chartering company representatives • Lack of knowledge about the overall commercial shipping enterprise could be resolved: • Ship management • Shipping Company Security Officer • Crew management • Ship’s maintenance • Regulatory compliance culture of the shipping company • Screening process for newly hired seafarers • Ship’s charter • Ship’s finances – ability to pay port fees
Benefits/Merits of Web Query • Create a virtual US sea border • Interactive real time interrogation process • Distinguish security conscientious shipping companies i.e.," Green Lane” concept • Decrease unnecessary in-port security-related delays for compliant shipping companies • Make ship ownership and ship management transparent to port state control • Reduce the number and a need for ineffectual at-sea Law Enforcement sweeps • Create a more comprehensive database about the non-national shipping industry • Future use of video and biometric assessments