Part 16 Data Innovation and the Production network - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Part 16 Data Innovation and the Production network

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  1. Chapter 16Information Technology and the Supply Chain Supply Chain Management(3rd Edition)

  2. Outline • The Role of Information Technology in the Supply Chain • The Supply Chain IT Framework • Customer Relationship Management • Internal Supply Chain Management • Supplier Relationship Management • The Transaction Management Foundation • The Future of IT in the Supply Chain • Supply Chain Information Technology in Practice

  3. Role of Information Technologyin a Supply Chain • Information is the driver that serves as the “glue” to create a coordinated supply chain • Information must have the following characteristics to be useful: • Accurate • Accessible in a timely manner • Information must be of the right kind • Information provides the basis for supply chain management decisions • Inventory • Transportation • Facility

  4. Characteristics of UsefulSupply Chain Information • Accurate • Accessible in a timely manner • The right kind • Provides supply chain visibility

  5. Use of Information in a Supply Chain • Information used at all phases of decision making: strategic, planning, operational • Examples: • Strategic: location decisions • Operational: what products will be produced during today’s production run

  6. Use of Information in a Supply Chain • Inventory: demand patterns, carrying costs, stockout costs, ordering costs • Transportation: costs, customer locations, shipment sizes • Facility: location, capacity, schedules of a facility; need information about trade-offs between flexibility and efficiency, demand, exchange rates, taxes, etc.

  7. Role of Information Technologyin a Supply Chain • Information technology (IT) • Hardware and software used throughout the supply chain to gather and analyze information • Captures and delivers information needed to make good decisions • Effective use of IT in the supply chain can have a significant impact on supply chain performance

  8. The Importance of Informationin a Supply Chain • Relevant information available throughout the supply chain allows managers to make decisions that take into account all stages of the supply chain • Allows performance to be optimized for the entire supply chain, not just for one stage – leads to higher performance for each individual firm in the supply chain

  9. The Supply Chain IT Framework • The Supply Chain Macro Processes • Customer Relationship Management (CRM) • Internal Supply Chain Management (ISCM) • Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) • Plus: Transaction Management Foundation • Figure 16.1 • Why Focus on the Macro Processes? • Macro Processes Applied to the Evolution of Software

  10. Macro Processes in a Supply Chain(Figure 16.1) Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) Internal Supply Chain Management (ISCM) Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Transaction Management Foundation (TFM)

  11. Customer Relationship Management • The processes that take place between an enterprise and its customers downstream in the supply chain • Key processes: • Marketing • Selling • Order management • Call/Service center

  12. Internal Supply Chain Management • Includes all processes involved in planning for and fulfilling a customer order • ISCM processes: • Strategic Planning • Demand Planning • Supply Planning • Fulfillment • Field Service • There must be strong integration between the ISCM and CRM macro processes

  13. Supplier Relationship Management • Those processes focused on the interaction between the enterprise and suppliers that are upstream in the supply chain • Key processes: • Design Collaboration • Source • Negotiate • Buy • Supply Collaboration • There is a natural fit between ISCM and SRM processes

  14. The Transaction Management Foundation • Enterprise software systems (ERP) • Earlier systems focused on automation of simple transactions and the creation of an integrated method of storing and viewing data across the enterprise • Real value of the TMF exists only if decision making is improved • The extent to which the TMF enables integration across the three macro processes determines its value

  15. The Future of IT in the Supply Chain • At the highest level, the three SCM macro processes will continue to drive the evolution of enterprise software • Software focused on the macro processes will become a larger share of the total enterprise software market and the firms producing this software will become more successful • Functionality, the ability to integrate across macro processes, and the strength of their ecosystems, will be keys to success

  16. Supply Chain Information Technology in Practice • Select an IT system that addresses the company’s key success factors • Take incremental steps and measure value • Align the level of sophistication with the need for sophistication • Use IT systems to support decision making, not to make decisions • Think about the future

  17. Summary of Learning Objectives • What is the importance of information and IT in the supply chain? • How does each supply chain driver use information? • What are the major applications of supply chain IT and what processes do they enable?