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Welcome to SEASON TWO

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  1. Welcome toSEASON TWO Four - Season 2 SALT SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  2. SALT Session 4 Four - Season 2 JESUS AS TEACHER AND HEALER “and some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit.” Mark 4:8 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  3. Welcome, Gather Four - Season 2 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  4. Opening Prayer Four - Season 2 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  5. Goals • Text: Understand Mark’s interpretation of Jesus as teacher and healer • Spiritual: Explore the meaning of miracle stories and parables as invitation to faith • Action: Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer Four - Season 2 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  6. Leadership Focus • Concerns, tasks, means and leadership • Member • Facilitators • Evaluation of the facilitating team • Hospitality Tasks • Next Week • Prayer Tasks • Facilitator/ Recorder Tasks • 10 minute evaluation with Facilitators/Recorders Four - Season 2 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  7. Small Group SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  8. Break 10 Minutes Remember Purchase Fair Trade Coffee: Justice in Every Cup SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  9. Review Session 3 • Elements Develop Mark’s Narrative • The Drama Builds • Power Struggle (1:1-13) • Messianic Secret (a misnomer) • Story Types • Myth in Mark/Parable • Who is Jesus? SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  10. Mark 1:14-8:21 • Parables • Miracles • Announce that the Reign of God is at hand • Reflect the universal mission of Jesus • Show us Mark’s Christology SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  11. Jesus Speaks in Parables • Jesus was a skilled teacher, speaker • Used literary forms from prophetic/wisdom tradition • Parable used most frequently (as did Ezekiel) • Favored Rabbinic storytelling method • Parables often puzzling sayings, strong images • Purpose is to confront not clarify SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  12. Parable: Literary Form • Greek parabole: root meaning from placing two items side by side to compare them • Hebrew masai (pl. masalim): which covers a much wider variety of literary forms (metaphors, similes, allegories, riddles) • Objective: not literal comparison, not comparison of details of the story, but of the situation as a whole SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  13. Recent Scholarship re: Parables • Reflection of daily lives of ordinary First Century people living in Palestine • Shows how the form developed • Poetic as much as rhetorical (prose) • Narrative (when read as stories) • Drama SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  14. Mark’s Use of Parables • Six parables, plus parable-like sayings • All, except the parable of the seed, are found in Mark and Luke • Characteristics of Mark’s parables: • Rural conditions, village life, farming, nature • Only 12:1-11, Parable of the Tenants/Wicked Husbandmen, has interaction of persons, placed apart from others SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  15. Parables In Mark • 4:3-9 Sower • 4:26-29 Seed growing secretly: Kingdom • 4:30-32 Mustard seed: Kingdom • 12:1-11 Wicked husbandmen • 13:28-29 Fig tree • 13:34-37 Doorkeeper SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  16. Parable like sayings of Mark: • 2:19-20 Guests of the bridegroom • 2:21-22 Patched garment, old wineskins • 3:23-27 Beelzebub parables • 4:21-25 The Sayings of Mark • 7:1-23 Riddle on things that defile SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  17. Church Interprets Parables • Meaning often illusive • changes with audience • Exegesis may determine boundaries of incorrect interpretation: • still leaves broad field for valid interpretation / application by individuals & communities SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  18. What Is A Miracle? • Gospels take miracles for granted • Definition in Scripture differs from popular • Jesus cautions people 13:22-23 • Modern scientific view different • In Scripture, God works directly in creation • Scripture has no conception of unified system of natural law as in Greek world or modern theology SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  19. Etymology • Latin: miraculum, something to be wondered atappears nowhere in Christian Scriptures or LatinVulgate • Hebrew: translated into English Bibles as “miracles” • Hebrew has no word for nature and no word corresponding with miracle • Greek: dynamis in the Synoptics, act of power • Translated into English as Miracle Semeion: sign rather than miracle: evidence of intervention of God SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  20. Miracles As Literary Form • Common form of stories from antiquity • Scholars distinguish • between nature and healing • Doubt • Apologetic purpose/reputation of Jesus SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  21. Hebrew Scripture/Early Church • Miracles in Hebrew Scripture • For individuals are rare except Elijah/Elisha • Jesus called another Elijah, even Elisha • Miracles in the early church • Part of oldest known Christian sources • “Q” and the Petrine “kerygma” • Taken for granted as characteristic of the Church by Paul 1 Cor. 12:28 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  22. Miracles in Mark • 1:29-31 Cure of Peter’s mother-in law • 1:40-45 Cure of leper • 2:1-12 Cure of paralytic • 3:1-6 Man with withered hand • 4:35-41 Calming of the storm • 5:1-20 Healing of Geresene demoniac • 6:31-44 First Miracle of the loaves SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  23. Miracles, continued • 6:45-52 Jesus walks on water • 7:24-30 Cure of Canaanite’s daughter • 7:31-37 Healing of a deaf man • 8:1-10 Second miracle of loaves • 8:22-26 Cure of blind man at Bethsaida • 9:14-29 Cure of epileptic demoniac boy • 10:46-52 Cure of two blind men at Jericho SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  24. Reign of God Announced • Miracles/Parables announce Reign at hand - becomes invitation to discipleship • Open ended invitation waits for response • Miracles are sign of God’s care SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  25. Universal Mission of Jesus • Miracles show Jesus’ • Power • Universality of his mission SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  26. Christology: Who is Jesus? • First parables,3:23-27 • Show Jesus as herald who overcomes Satan • Parables of chapter 4, the seed parables: • Promote Mark’s theme of Messianic secret: SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  27. Discipleship Then & Now • Discipleship entails preaching the “Good News” • In the time of Jesus • Now, we are “Good News” when we work on healing old hurts and relationships in our lives • Discipleship entails an inclusive attitude: • Recognizing the universality of Jesus’ mission • Developing an inclusive attitude in our hearts • Discipleship means continually asking: • “Who is Jesus?” SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  28. Dare to Dream • God is in our midst • Most scholars understand the reign of God as a “tentative metaphor” SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  29. ACTION • Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer • For next week • Read Mark 8:22 – 10:52 SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

  30. Closing Prayer SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship