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  1. Chapter 7 Innovative EC Systems: From E-Government and E-Learning to Consumer-to-Consumer Commerce © 2008 Pearson Prentice Hall, Electronic Commerce 2008, Efraim Turban, et al.

  2. Learning Objectives • e-government initiatives. • e-learning, virtual universities, and e-training. • e-publishing and e-books. • wikis and blogging. • management knowledge. • C2C activities & peer-to-peer networks.

  3. E-Government: An Overview • e-government E-commerce model in which a government entity buys or provides goods, services, or information to businesses or individual citizens

  4. E-Government Models • Government-to-citizens (G2C) • Government-to-business (G2B) • Government-to-government (G2G) • Internal Efficiency and Effectiveness (IEE) • Government-to-employees (G2E)

  5. Other E-Government • electronic voting Voting process that involves many steps ranging from registering, preparing, voting, and counting (voting and counting are all done electronically) • Netizen A citizen surfing the Internet • Electronic benefits transfer

  6. Government-to-Business (G2B) • Government e-procurement • Group purchasing • Forward e-auctions • Tax collection and management

  7. Government-to-Employees (G2E) • Internal efficiency and effectiveness • E-payroll • E-records management • E-training • Enterprise case management • Integrated acquisition • Integrated human resources • One-stop recruitment • Facilitating Homeland Security U.S. E-Government

  8. Implementing E-Government

  9. E-Learning • e-learning The online delivery of information for purposes of education, training, or knowledge management University of Phoenix

  10. E-Learning

  11. Benefits of E-Learning • Time reduction • Large volume and diversity • Cost reduction • Higher content retention • Flexibility • Updated and consistent material • Fear-free environment

  12. Drawbacks of E-Learning • Need for instructor retraining • Equipment needs and support services • Lack of face-to-face interaction and campus life • Assessment • Maintenance and updating • Protection of intellectual property • Computer literacy • Student retention

  13. Why E-Learning Fails • Believing that e-learning is always a cheaper learning or training alternative • Overestimating what e-learning can accomplish • Overlooking the shortcomings of self-study • Failing to look beyond the course paradigms • Viewing content as a commodity • Ignoring technology tools for e-learning or fixating too much on technology as a solution • Assuming that learned knowledge will be applied

  14. E-Learning • distance learning Formal education that takes place off campus, usually, but not always, through online resources • virtual university An online university from which students take classes from home or other off-site locations, usually via the Internet

  15. Online Corporate Training • The drivers of e-training • Technological change • Competition and cost pressures • Globalization • Continual learning • Network connectivity

  16. Online Publishing and E-Books • online publishing The electronic delivery of newspapers, magazines, books, news, music, videos, and other digitizable information over the Internet • e-zines Electronic magazine or newsletter delivered over the Internet via e-mail

  17. Online Publishing and E-Books • Approaches and Methods to Online Publishing • Online-archive approach • New-medium approach • Publishing-intermediation approach • Dynamic approach

  18. Online Publishing and E-Books • Content providers and distributors • Publishing of music, videos, games, and entertainment • Webcasting A free Internet news service that broadcasts personalized news and information, including seminars, in categories selected by the user • Webinars Seminars on the Web (Web-based seminars)

  19. Online Publishing and E-Books • podcast A media file that is distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. As with the term radio, it can mean both the content and the method of syndication • podcaster The host or author of a podcast

  20. Online Publishing and E-Books • e-book A book in digital form that can be read on a computer screen or on a special device • E-books can be delivered and read via: • Web download • A dedicated reader • A general-purpose reader • A Web server

  21. Online Publishing and E-Books • Advantages and Limitations of E-Books • E-Book Issues • Digital Libraries • Print-on-Demand

  22. Blogs and Wikis • Weblogging (blogging) Technology for personal publishing on the Internet • blog A personal Web site that is open to the public to read and to interact with; dedicated to specific topics or issues

  23. Blogs and Wikis • wikilog (wikiblog or wiki) A blog that allows everyone to participate as a peer; anyone may add, delete, or change content. • Commercial uses of blogs • Potential risks of blogs • Establish comprehensive, written rules and policies • Educate employees about blog-related risks, rules, and regulations • Enforce blog policy with disciplinary action and technology • Bloggers and politics

  24. Knowledge Management and E-Commerce • Organizational knowledge base • KM tasks: • Knowledge repositories • Knowledge creation, transfer, and use • Managing knowledge • Facilitate its transfer between individuals • Knowledge portal • Information intelligence

  25. Knowledge Management and E-Commerce

  26. Online Advice and Consulting • Medical advice • Management consulting • Legal advice • Gurus and answers to queries • Financial advice • Other advisory services

  27. Knowledge Management and E-Commerce

  28. Knowledge Management and E-Commerce • desktop search Search tools that search the contents of a user’s or organization’s computer files rather than searching the Internet. The emphasis is on finding all the information that is available on the user’s PC, including Web browser histories, e-mail archives, and word-processor documents, as well as in all internal files and databases

  29. Customer-to-Customer E-Commerce • C2C Auctions • Classified Ads • Personal Services • C2C Exchanges • Selling Virtual Properties • Support Services for C2C

  30. Peer-to-Peer Networks and Applications

  31. Peer-to-Peer Networks and Applications • Models of P2P Applications • Collaboration • Content distribution • Business process automation • Distributed search

  32. Peer-to-Peer Networks and Applications • C2C P2P Applications • Napster—the file-sharing utility • Other file-sharing programs • Other commercial P2P applications in C2C • Lending • Bartering

  33. Managerial Issues • Can we blog for business? • Are there e-learning and e-training opportunities? • Can we capitalize on C2C? • How well are we managing our knowledge? • What are the e-government opportunities?