Age of Botanical Discoveryand Exploration By Ashlee Austin
Christopher Columbus • One of early explorers • Found new plants and vegetation in “New World” to bring back to Europe. • Examples include: • Maize, beans, squashes, potato, peanut, tomato, papaya, pineapple, avocado, chile pepper, cotton, and cocoa. • In fact, 30% of world’s cultivated plants originated in the “New World.”
Christopher Columbus • In return, he brought back some plants to “New World” from Europe. • Examples include: sugarcane, rice, olives, bananas, wheat, and barley.
Christopher Columbus • Europeans became introduced to American wood and trees. • Europeans used tall oaks and pines to build larger ships • Extracted pitch and turpentine
The Printing Press(1450) • Immediately it multiplied the output and cut costs of books. • Made information available to larger segment of population.
Printing Press • Helped spread ideas quicker • Prevented corruption of texts by hand copying • Invented by Johannes Gutenberg • 1st book published in volume was in 1452—Gutenberg Bible.
The Age of Botanical Discovery and Exploration Stephanie Check & Jessica Archer
What Is Botanical Discovery? • Botanical Discovery is “Plants In Print” • This is where they put pictures of plants in books for learning purposes.
What Can You Learn From Plants In Print? • You can learn the history of gardening and botany, the history of western explorations, and the development of printmaking in the west.
Who Discovered This? • Explorers such as, Gaspard Bauhin, Jacques Cartier, and David Douglas traveled from place to place around the world documenting different types of plants. They also took samples and introduced them to their homelands.
How Does This Involve The Printing Press? • During The Golden Age Of Botany, Botany was a branch of medicine almost exclusively by doctors. During this time the world was opening up to the concept of scientific discovery. They used the printing press to make information about their discoveries available to people around the world.