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The "Lethal Four" Rate

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  1. The “Fatal Four” Speed – DUI – Fatigue - No PPE NAVAL SAFETY CENTER HOLIDAY SAFETY CAMPAIGN 2010

  2. Data: The “Fatal Four” Note: “No PPE” = PMV4 no seatbelt PMV2 no helmet FY09-FY10, Navy and Marine Corps, PMV2 and PMV4

  3. Data Points • 77% of the Navy FY09 motorcycle fatalities involved speeding, as did 64% of the Marine Corps FY09 PMV4 fatalities. • 79% of the Navy FY10 PMV4 fatalities involved alcohol, as did half of the Marine Corps FY09 PMV4 fatalities. • For the FY09-FY10 USN-USMC PMV4 fatalities, a third or more of the drivers weren’t wearing seatbelts.

  4. Trends: The “Fatal Four” = FY06-10 = FY09-10 Note: “No PPE” = PMV4 no seatbelt PMV2 no helmet Navy and Marine Corps, PMV2 and PMV4 -- FY09-FY10 vs. 5-yr. avg.

  5. Speed • In 2008, speeding contributed to 31% of all fatal crashes. 11,674 people were killed in speeding-related crashes. • Speed was a factor in 35% of Navy and Marine Corps fatal traffic mishaps. It was a factor in just 4% of the mishaps that produced injuries. • In 2008, 37% of male drivers in the 15-to-24-year-old age group who were involved in fatal crashes were speeding.

  6. Speed • Risk-taking behavior is often multiplied. Speeders killed in wrecks are nearly three times more likely to be DUI than sober, and 24% less likely to be wearing a seatbelt. • The chance of dying in a crash is 15 times higher at 50 mph than at 25 mph.

  7. DUIs • A reported 1,542 Sailors were arrested for DUI in FY09. • Navy DUIs have decreased 27.5% from 2,127 in FY04. • DUI arrests in the United States between 1998 to 2007 decreased for males (from 676,911 to 626,371). DUIs for females rose from 126,119 to 162,493 (29%)

  8. What a DUI Can Do To Your Insurance • Add a surcharge of between 35% and 200%, depending on the state, to your cost. • You may not be able to get a new policy if you’ve had a DUI or had your license suspended within the last three years. • You may not be eligible for preferred rates for up to seven years, which means your insurance will cost you an extra 30% even without the DUI surcharge.

  9. Fatigue • Fatigued people get short-tempered, depressed or anxious. • They react more slowly and are less vigilant. • Fatigue often masquerades as complacency, inattention, distraction, task-fixation, or boredom.

  10. Fatigue • If you’re planning a trip or a night out, try to stay off the road between 2400 and 0600. There is a strong relationship between time of day and traffic accidents. It isn’t necessarily how long you have driven as what time you are driving. • Learn to recognize the symptoms of fatigue in yourselves and those around you.

  11. Fatigued Driving – Typical Wreck • Occurs during late night/early morning or mid-afternoon. • Serious accident. • Single vehicle, leaves roadway. • Occurs on a high-speed road. • Driver doesn’t try to avoid a crash. • Driver is alone in the vehicle.

  12. Seatbelts and Helmets

  13. “Not Wearing Seatbelts”in USN-USMC PMV-4 Fatalities For FY06 to FY09, 38% (97 of 255 reported, 1 unknown) weren’t wearing seatbelts. In FY10, 17% (7 of 41 reported, 3 unknown) weren’t wearing seatbelts. PMV-4 fatalities have steadily declined during the last 5 years, but FY07 to FY09 showed an increase in non-use of seatbelts (28%, 30% and 38%).

  14. The lack of PPE as a causal factor in motorcycle fatalities decreased from a high in FY07 of 16% to 7% in FY09. In FY10, 5% (1 of 21, with 1 unknown) of the fatalities involved riders who weren’t wearing a helmet. Motorcycle fatalities decreased from 43 in FY06 to 22 in FY10. The wearing of PPE while riding motorcycles has been shown to be one of the most significant factors in decreasing our fatalities. “Not Wearing Helmet”in USN-USMC PMV-2 Fatalities

  15. % of Fatalities Where VictimWasn’t Buckled Up

  16. % of Fatalities Where Victim Wasn’t Using PPE

  17. Seatbelts Save Lives • Every day in America an average of 92 people die in fatal vehicle crashes. • More than half (53%) of those killed were unrestrained. • Traffic wrecks kill more people between the ages of 3-34 than any other single cause in the United States.

  18. Seatbelts Save Lives • NHTSA estimates that lap/shoulder seat belts, when used correctly, reduce the risk of a fatal injury to front-seat occupants by 45%. • As a military member, both the DoDI (6055.4) & OPNAVINST (5100.12) mandate seat belt use 24/7.

  19. Helmets • In 2009 NHTSA facts show that 4,462 motorcyclist died in fatal crashes. • Head injury is the leading cause of death in motorcycle wrecks. • Motorcycle helmets provide the best protection from head injury for motorcyclist involved in traffic crashes.

  20. Helmets • A helmet is the best protective gear you can wear while riding a motorcycle. • When considering a new helmet, make sure to look for the DOT or SNELL sticker inside or outside the helmet. The sticker means that the helmet complies with the safety standards of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and/or the Snell Memorial Foundation. • Wearing a helmet is a reflection of your attitude toward riding and shows that you are a responsible rider who takes motorcycle riding seriously.