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LITHUANIAN NATIONAL RADIO and TV

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  1. LITHUANIAN NATIONAL RADIO & TELEVISION Rasa Miskinyte, Jonas Korys, Sigitas Baltutis

  2. Introduction • Short story of archives and people behind; • The Vision; Rasa Miskinyte

  3. TV Archives • Deposit Film deposit (16 mm, 35mm) 3.000 hours Rasa Miskinyte

  4. TV Archives • Deposit Video archives Beta cam SP format 27.000 units: 5.000 units are described/catalogued; 15.000 units are considered as to be described/catalogued; 7.000 units are considered as rushes/working material, some of them could catalogued. 6.940 units accommodate the production where the rights belongs to LRT 8.200 units accommodate the production which was made in Lithuania. Rasa Miskinyte

  5. TV Archives • Video Deposit Rasa Miskinyte

  6. LR – Lithuanian Radio Jonas Korys

  7. Mission • Extract: Lithuanian Radio and Television (LRT) collects and announcesinformation about Lithuania and the world, introduces the variety of European and world culture and basics ofmodern civilization to the Lithuanian public, strengthens independenceand democracy of the Republic of Lithuania, creates, cherishes and preserves values of national culture, develops tolerance and humanism,cooperation, intellection and language culture, enhances morality and public spirit;

  8. History • 1926 First Lithuanian Radio broadcasts take start in Kaunas • 1940 Kaunas and Vilnius Radio stations are occupied by the Soviet • army. State Radiophon is reorganized to Radiophication and • Radiophony (RR) committee (first occupation). • 1948 Sound recording department is established, tape recording archives • are formed • 1953 The (RR) begins sound recording production • 1957 First Lithuanian Television broadcast • 1990 The status of the Lithuanian Radio and Television is changed into • Lithuanian Radio and Television • 1991 Armed Soviet paratroopers take over the Lithuanian Radio and • Television and the Television Tower in Vilnius (secondoccupation) • 1994 Starts archivinglive broadcastinginto MC • 1995 Concerts are recorded into DAT • 1998 Lithuanian Radio Channel 1 is broadcasting with STUDERsystem • 2004 Starts archivingcomplete Lithuanian Radio programmes Jonas Korys

  9. Time tableof Radio Production Formats • 1948 – 2004 Tape • 1994 – 2004 MC • 1995 – 2004 DAT • 1999 – 2004 HDD (STUDER), CD-R • 2005 – File (DAW)

  10. What do Lithuanian Radio is archiving? 1948-1991 music and radio theatre 1991-2004 music, radio theatre and other authors’programmes, a part of live broadcasts 2004-100% of radio production: • News • Live broadcasts • All authors’ programmes • Radio theatre • Music Jonas Korys

  11. Lithuanian Radio Sound Archives • Tape: approx 175,000 • CD: 6,000 • CD-R 2,500 • DAT 2,150 • MC 800 • LP 5,000 (it is not intended to digitize for the time being) Jonas Korys

  12. Problems • Archive storages • Physical obsolescence of formats and decrease in reliability • Riskduring replay • Decrease of content quality • Risk of heritage loss for the future generations Jonas Korys

  13. Costs • Migration • System engineering and administration • Storage Jonas Korys

  14. Goals • To be in time while preserving the content! • To establish digital radio archive • To achieve quality and durability of recordings • To create conditions for the effective and immediate use of the achives • in the Intranet of the Lithuanian Radio (LR) ( for both Radio and TV needs) • To create conditions allowing cultural and training institutions to use • the LR sound archives for the educational aims. Jonas Korys

  15. Solution Jonas Korys

  16. Digitization • Have we to digitize everything? • Value expertise • Priorities Jonas Korys

  17. Great Concern is analogue Jonas Korys

  18. Logical formats & resolution • Broadcast Wave Format BWF (EBU, AES) • Mp3 Resolution for storage: 24 bit/96 kHzfor archives of special value end music (5-10%) 16 bit/48 kHz all recorded production (authors’ programmes) Mp L2 (256 kbps) all the live broadcasts for preview: Mp3 (96 kbps)all archives for broadcast: Mp L2 (256 kbps) all archives Jonas Korys

  19. Digitization equipment The Most Important Task is The Right Equipment! Tape machine A/D converter DAW network Jonas Korys

  20. General schem PC( Analog to Digital) audio converter PC( Analog to Digital) video converter Storage (Disk array, Tape library) Access, Task, WWW, Data base server Sigitas Baltutis

  21. Manager of radio broadcasts Sigitas Baltutis

  22. Storage (Disk array) 2004.01.13 2004.01.12 2004.01.11 2004.01.10 ………… Music Topical material Topical material News 08:00-08:10 …….. Music ….. ………… Live broadcast 11:00-03:10 Weather …….. ….. ….. ….. …….. ….. …….. Sigitas Baltutis