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Copyrights and Copynorms in School

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  1. Copyrights and Copynormsin College Brian Walker Haverford College, Class of ‘05

  2. To Do • A defense of filesharing • Other students’ views • Haverford’s stance • A plea

  3. The Constitution

  4. Powers of Congress, I.8.8 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries

  5. Powers of Congress, I.8.8 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries

  6. Powers of Congress, I.8.8 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries

  7. Public Domain • Not today • Not yesterday • Not tomorrow • Not since 1998 • Not until 2018

  8. Copyright Terms • 1998: 95 years • 1790: 14 years, renewable to 28

  9. Copyright today is unjust.

  10. Music • Piracy • Economy • Competition $200 Million

  11. Recording Industry: “[P]erhaps most importantly, the creative artists lose. Musicians, singers, songwriters and producers don’t get the royalties and fees they’ve earned. Virtually all artists (95%) depend on these fees to make a living.”

  12. Artists’ Money

  13. RIAA Companies • SONY Music Entertainment • Sony ATV Music Publishing • Warner Music Group • UMG Recordings • Universal Music • EMI Music Publishing • EMI Music North America • BMG Songs • Careers-BMG Music Publishing • BMG Music • Harry Fox Agency

  14. Artists

  15. Artists’ Money

  16. Piracy is illegal “Music pirates are the first to lose because the recording industry and law enforcement officials are cracking down around the world. Do the crime and you will pay the fine or do the time.”

  17. Lawsuit Math • 3000 people sued • For $3000 each • Out of 4-230 million 3,000 / 4,000,000 • $3000 = $2.50 3,000 / 230,309,616 • $3000 = $0.039

  18. Not Getting Caught • Download through Kazaa but don’t share • Use a webserver, restricted to your campus • Use AOL Instant Messenger, restricted to your buddy list • Leech through iTunes music streaming feature

  19. What I Think • Copyright is broken • The RIAA is evil • You won’t get caught

  20. What other students think • Copyright is necessary… • …but we download songs anyway.

  21. Do you own illegal mp3s?

  22. Underage Drinking

  23. Haverford’s Philosophy “[T]his freedom to learn… must be free from any arbitrary rules or actions that would deny students the freedom to make their own choice regarding controversial issues.” vs. “[T]he receipt of, possession of, or distribution of copyrighted material without the permission of the copyright holder is prohibited.”

  24. Copyrights and Copynorms in College Brian Walker Haverford College, Class of ‘05