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Refreshments

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Refreshments

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  1. C H A P T E R C H A P T E R Beverages 9

  2. Types of Wines • Wines… • Wine is fermented juice of grapes • Light beverage wines (White, Rose, and Red) • Sparkling wines (Champagne) • Fortified wines (Sherry, Port, and Madeira) • Have brandy or wine alcohol added • Aromatic wines (Vermouth and Aperitif) • Flavored with herbs, roots, flowers, and barks

  3. Wines • Vocabulary… • Varietal • Type of grape from which wines are made, and for which they are named • Vintage • Year in which a wine’s grapes were harvested

  4. Light Table Wines • Red Wines… • Made from red grapes • Coloring from grape skins • Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir • Rose… • Actually a category of red • Remove skin early in fermentation

  5. Types of Wines • White Wines… • Made from white grapes • Age and mature faster than red wines • Riesling • Chenin Blanc

  6. How Wine is Made • Crushing… • A mixture of grape pulp, skins, seeds, and stems • Fermenting… • A chemical process by which yeast acts on sugar to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide

  7. How Wine is Made • Racking… • Maturing… • Aging a wine • Filtering… • Fining • Clarifying • Bottling…

  8. Relationship to Food • Relationship… • White Wines • Poultry, fish, and egg entrees • Red Wines • Any game or red meat • Sparkling Wines • Any course, from dry to sweet • The heavier the food, the heavier the wine

  9. Describing a Wine • Use of textures… • Softness and smoothness • Richness and thickness • Correspond to touch and temperature

  10. Describing a Wine • Use of flavors… • Fruity, minty, and herbal • Nutty, cheesy, and smoky • Correspond to use of nose and tongue

  11. Wine Producing Regions • Europe… • France • Bordeaux and Burgundy • Champagne and Cognac • Italy • Chianti • Germany • Riesling

  12. Wine Producing Regions • Europe (cont.)… • Spain • Sherry • Portugal • Port

  13. Wine Producing Regions • America… • “Wines Across America” • http://www.wines-across-america.com • California • North and Central Coast • Napa and Sonoma • Great Central Valley • Southern California

  14. Wine Producing Regions • America (cont.)… • New York • Oregon and Washington • Canada • Australia • South America • South Africa

  15. Types of Beers • Beer… • Lager • Clear light bodied • Ale • Fuller bodied, more bitter • Stout • Dark ale, sweet, strong, malt flavor • Pilsner • Style of beer brewing

  16. Malt Beverages • Brewing Process… • Water • Malt • Ground barley • Yeast • Fermenting agent • Hops

  17. Microbreweries • Microbreweries… • Smaller breweries • Locally made and distributed • Rock Bottom • Karl Strauss • Sierra Nevada • Samuel Adams

  18. Spirits • Spirits or Liquor • Liquid that has been fermented and distilled • Proof • Liquor’s alcohol content • In U.S. proof is twice the % of alcohol

  19. Whisky • Whisky… • Made from a fermented mash of grain to which malt, in the form of barley, is added • Scotch Whisky • Smokey Kilns • Irish Whisky • Not dried, milder

  20. Whisky • Whisky (cont.)… • Bourbon Whisky • Corn mixed with rye • Canadian Whisky • From corn

  21. White Spirits • White Spirits… • Gin • From juniper berries • Rum • Light is from sugarcane • Dark is from molasses • Tequila • Vodka • Lacks color, odor, and flavor

  22. Other Spirits and Cocktails • Brandy… • Distilled from wine • Cognacs from France • Cocktails… • Drinks made by mixing 2 or more ingredients • Stirred, shaken, or blended

  23. Trends in Nonalcoholic Beverages • Trends… • Nonalcoholic beer and wine • Coffee • Tea • Carbonated soft drinks • Juices • Bottled water

  24. Bars and Beverage Management • Management… • Physical bar setup • Critical for effectiveness • “Stations” properly placed • Location of “well” versus “call” brands • Relationship of beer

  25. Inventory Control • Inventory Control… • Four major objectives • Safeguards the company’s assets • Provides reliable accounting records • Promotes operating efficiency • Encourages adherence to policies • Physical count is the key to success

  26. Personnel Procedures • Procedures… • Properly screen and hire bar personnel • Methods for controlling employee theft • “Spotters” • “Bank switch”

  27. Different Types ofBeverage Establishments • Types of Beverage Establishments … • Restaurant bars • Hotel bars • Night clubs • Microbreweries • Sports bars • Coffee shops

  28. Liquor Liability and the Law • Liability and Law… • The bar is liable if • They serve a minor • They serve a person who is intoxicated • Dram shop law • Bar is liable for injuries caused by intoxicated customers • TIPS training

  29. Trends in Alcoholic Beverages • Trends… • Comeback of cocktails • Designer bottled water • Microbreweries • More wine consumption • Increase in coffee houses and coffee intake