GOA Powerful And Versatile Tool To Teach Thinking, Reading And Writing At Every Level For Every Subject
What problems do you as a teacher encounter when you give reading and writing tasks? • What problems do your students come across when they accomplish reading and writing tasks?
Visual representation of abstract ideas in more concrete forms • Relationships among facts and concepts • Organization of the ideas in the text • Identification of main ideas and supporting facts • Storing and recalling information (Billmeyer & Barton, 1998)
How can graphic organizers help your students? to do reading task
Activate prior knowledge • Guide thinking • Develop vocabulary • Organize information • Stay focused on the content material
Content of the text • Organization of material • Learning style of the student
keywords and phrases • class or category of events in the text • the relationship among concepts and facts • a logical order of information
Hierarchical organizers • Comparative organizers • Sequential organizers • Diagrams • Cyclical organizers • Conceptual organizers
2010 Nation’s Shopping Basket Very few households included olive oil or fresh pasta on the shopping list Very few bought bottled mineral water Less healthy food were crossed of the list Traditional British foods were replaced by a Mediterranean diet, organic • a carton of low-fat milk • a bottle of mineral water • a tub of olive based-margarine • a bag of pre-washed salad leaves • 5.free-range chicken 1. a box of matches 2. a bottle of gin 3. a packet of cheese slices 4. lemonade
10 years agoless healthy food items were crossed off the list 20 years ago top ten most likely items on the British shopping list didn’t include 1. olive oil 2. fresh pasta 1. bottled mineral water
What are the challenges of using GOs? What benefits can we gain for reading and writing tasks if we use GOs?
What Benefits Do GO Bring? • Focus attention on key elements • Help integrate prior knowledge with new knowledge • Link information to prior learning • Enrich reading, writing, and thinking • Aid writing by supporting planning and revision • Promote focused discussion • Assist instructional planning • Serve as assessment and evaluation tool
Spider Map Used to describe a central idea: a thing, process , concept , or proposition with support . Key frame questions: What is the central idea? What are its attributes? What are its functions?
Series of Events Chain Used to describe the stages of something ; the steps in a linear procedure; a sequence of events; or the goals, actions, and outcomes of a historical figure or character in a novel. Key frame questions: What is the object, procedure, or initiating event? What are the stages or steps? How do they lead to one another? What is the final outcome?
Problem / Solution Outline Used to represent a problem, attempted solutions, and results. Key frame questions: What was the problem? Who had the problem? Why was it a problem? What attempts were made to solve the problem? Did those attempts succeed?
Human Interaction Outline Used to show the nature of an interaction between persons or groups . Key frame questions: Who are the persons or groups? What were their goals? Did they conflict or cooperate? What was the outcome for each person or group?
Fishbone Map Used to show the causal interaction of a complex event or complex phenomenon . Key frame questions: What are the factors that cause X ? How do they interrelate? Are the factors that cause X the same as those that cause X to persist?
Cycle Used to show how a series of events interact to produce a set of results again and again Key frame questions: What are the critical events in the cycle? How are they related? In what ways are they self-reinforcing?
Network Tree Used to show causal information , a hierarchy , or branching procedures . Key frame questions: What is the superordinate category? What are the subordinate categories? How are they related? How many levels are there?
Series of items A comparison Data reporting Part to whole Cause and effect Sequential frame, cycle diagram Venn diagram, t-charts Graphs / tables Pictures Fishbone, cycle diagram If you want to show… then use…