Address 7 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

lecture 7 l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Address 7 PowerPoint Presentation
Address 7

play fullscreen
1 / 45
Download Presentation
townsend
Views
Download Presentation

Address 7

Presentation Transcript

  1. Lecture 7 Tax Planning: Concept, Planning and Calculation

  2. LEGISLATION • Income Tax Act 1967 • Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 • Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri (LHDN) • Inland Revenue Board (IRB) • Corporatised on March 1, 1995

  3. PERSONAL TAXATION • Employment • Sole Proprietorship • Partnership

  4. SCOPE OF CHARGE • Territorial concept • Income of any person • Accruing in (right to receive) • Deriving from (who pays you – government and state government, payment from tax resident, charged as outgoing expenses) • Received in Malaysia • From outside Malaysia

  5. DEFINITION OF PERSON • Individual • Company • Body of persons • Corporation sole • Excluding partnership – only on personal income

  6. INCOME RECEIVED IN MALAYSIA FROM OUTSIDE MALAYSIA • Taxable Income • Resident individual/body of persons/corporation • Resident companies involving 4 specific industries: banking, insurance, shipping and air transport • Tax Exempted • Non-resident (under Schedule 6 para. 28) • Resident company - income tax (exemption) • Unit Trusts • Offshore Companies (LOBATA 1990)

  7. RECENT TAX DEVELOPMENTS • Historically • Preceding year basis (PYB) • 1/1/98 to 31/12/98 • Year of assessment 1999

  8. CHANGE OF ASSESSMENT SYSTEM • Preceding year basis (PYB) to current year basis (CYB) • Effective date • Year ended 31/12/2000 • Financial year in 2000

  9. BASIS PERIOD • Current year basis • Calendar year 1/1/2000 to 31/12/2000 • Year of assessment 2000 • Financial year 1/7/1999 to 30/6/2000 • Year of assessment 2000

  10. BASIS YEAR 2000 • Current year basis (CYB) • 1/1/1999 to 31/12/2000 • Year of assessment 2000 • 1/1/2000 to 31/12/2000 • Year of assessment 2000

  11. TAX IMPLICATIONS – SHIFT TO CYB • Year of assessment 2000 • 2 basis periods • Basis period in 1999 • Tax waiver year • Income tax (amendment) Act 1999

  12. TAX WAIVER YEAR • Income earned in 1999 • No tax payable • Exceptions • Dividend • Payment subject to withholding tax • Non-citizen/non-resident individuals who commence or cease employment in 1999

  13. SELF- ASSESSMENT • Effective Date • 1 January 2000 • Year of assessment (YA) 2001 • YA 2001 - Companies (220,000) • YA 2004 - Business, partnership and cooperatives (800,000) • YA 2004 – Employment (1,800,000)

  14. CLASSES OF INCOME – SECTION 4 (RESIDENTS OR NON-RESIDENTS) • Business • Employment • Dividends, interest or discounts • Rents, royalties or premium • Pensions, annuities or other periodical payments • Gains or profit outside of (a) to (e)

  15. SPECIAL CLASSES OF INCOME – SECTION 4A • Recipients: Non-residents • Withholding tax – payment/credit • Services • use of property/rights • Installation/operation of plant + machinery • Technical advice/services/assistance/management/ administration • Rent – movable property

  16. PAYMENTS TO NON-RESIDENT – WITHHOLDING TAX

  17. INCOME VS CAPITAL

  18. * self, spouse + child # self, spouse, child + parent

  19. COMPUTATION OF TAX PAYABLE • Tax Payable = Chargeable Income X Relevant Tax Rate • Tax Rates • Resident individual/club/trade association/ co-operative society • Scale rates : 0% to 28 % • Company Trust – 28 % • Non-resident individual – 28 % (total income = chargeable income)

  20. TAX COMPUTATION FORMAT Business X TOTAL INCOME XX Employment X Less: Personal Reliefs (X) Investment Income X Chargeable Income XX Other Sources X TAX PAYABLE XX Aggregate Income XX Less: Rebates (X) Less: XX Basis Year Loss (XX) Less: DTA Reliefs (X) Approved Donation/ Sec 110 Set-off (X) Subscription (X) TAX PAYABLE/REPAYABLE XX TOTAL INCOME XX

  21. PERSONAL REBATES • Set-off against tax payable • Chargeable income < RM35,000 • Single (RM350) • Separate Assessment • Husband (RM350) • Wife (RM350)

  22. PERSONAL REBATES • Combined assessment • Husband (RM350) • Wife (RM350) • Personal Computer • RM400 (every 5 years) • Employment Levy • Religious Payments • Zakat/Fitrah

  23. DERIVATION – SECTION 13(2) • Exercised in Malaysia • Leave attributable to employment in Malaysia • Overseas duties incidental to employment in Malaysia • Director of resident company • Employment aboard ship/aircraft

  24. TYPES OF EMPLOYMENT INCOME • Salary, wages, fee, bonus, remuneration, leave pay, commission, gratuity, perquisite, allowance • Benefits-in-kind • Living accommodation • Non-approved pension scheme/provident fund • Compensation payment

  25. GRATUITY • Tax exempt • ill health • 55 years + 10 years of service • Taxable • Period of employment • 6 years of assessment • Whichever is shorter

  26. ASSESSMENT - GRATUITY • Gratuity – RM60,000 • Employment period • 5 years • RM12,000/ for each YA • Employment period • 7 years • RM10,000 for each YA

  27. SHARE OPTIONS • Not-Taxable • Option not exercised • Taxable • Option exercised • Option date • Difference between market value and option market

  28. BENEFITS-IN-KIND • Motor vehicle • Private usage - RM1,200 to RM25,000 • Fuel – RM600 to RM3,000 • Driver – RM3,600 • Accommodation (30% of actual) • Household furnishings • Barely-furnished, semi-furnished, fully-furnished, service charges, utilities payment etc.

  29. LIVING ACCOMMODATION • Job requirement • Tax exempt • Hotel/hostel • 3% X Sec 13 (1) (a) • Apartment/house • Lower of • 30% Sec 13(1)(a) or • Actual rental (unfurnished accommodation) • Mobile phone, gardener, servants, school/tuition fees, club membership, staff loan

  30. LIVING ACCOMMODATION • Salary RM100K • Defined value – unfurnished : RM36K/24K Assessability of Benefits • Salary RM100K Lower of • 30% X RM100K or • RM36K/24K RM30K/24K Gross Income RM130K/124K

  31. TAX EXEMPT - BIK • Discounted goods and services • Subsidised food and drinks • Free transport • Child care benefits • Medical/dental • Leave passage • Group insurance policy

  32. APPROVED FUND/SCHEME • EPF Contributions • 11% (Employee) • 12% (Employer) • Tax deductibility – 19% • Reduction in Cash Remuneration • Lower tax liability • Cash flow • Time value of money

  33. RESIDENT STATUS – INDIVIDUAL :SECTION 7 • > 182 days • <182 days but linked to another period of 182 days or more • Temporary absence • Incidental to employment, conference/study/seminar, ill health, social visits (<14 days) • 90 days – immediately preceding 3 years • < 90 days • immediately following year – resident • Immediately preceding 3 years - resident

  34. SECTION 7(1)(B) Aug.1999 Aug. 2000 A B Period A - < 182 days Period B - > 182 days Period A link to Period B Link - 31 Dec. to 1 Jan. in Malaysia Period A qualifies as resident

  35. SECTION 7(1)(B) • April 1999 March 2000 • A B • Period A - > 182 days • Period B - < 182 days • Period A link to Period B • Link - 31 Dec. to 1 Jan. in Malaysia • Period B qualifies as resident

  36. SECTION 7(1)(C) YA 1999 150 days 1998 92 days 1997 RESIDENT 1996 15 days 1995 138 days Qualifies as resident

  37. SECTION 7(1)(D) YA 1999 Resident 1998 63 days 1997 Resident 1996 Resident 1995 Resident Qualifies as resident

  38. CAPITAL GAINS • Real Property Gains Tax (RPGT) Act, 1976 • Effective date – 7/11/1975 • Disposal of real property or shares in a real property company • Replaced Land Speculation Tax Act 1974

  39. ACQUISITION/DISPOSAL DATE • Acquisition date = disposal date • Written agreement (S & P) • Completion date • Asset transferred • Full consideration paid or received • Conditional contract

  40. CHARGEABLE GAIN OR ALLOWABLE LOSS • Disposal Price > Acquisition Price = Chargeable Gain • Disposal Price < Acquisition Price = Allowable Loss

  41. TAX RATES