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Move to Advanced Procurement

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  1. Transition to Digital Acquisition Presented to USDA Imagery Planning Meeting 12/04/08 By: Alistair Stuart

  2. Transition to Digital Acquisition From film-based photography to digital image acquisition. 90 years

  3. Transition to Digital Acquisition General Benefits of Digital Acquisition: • Superior image quality • 12-bit image data • 4-band multispectral • Higher geometric accuracy • Compressed delivery schedule • Completely electronic workflows

  4. Transition to Digital Acquisition Image acquisition programs: • National imagery programs: NAIP, IFTN • Traditional resource imagery: Forest Service • Small area acquisition progams: - natural resource management & conservation - water resource / wetlands management - fish & wildlife

  5. NAIP • Transition to digital already well under way (>85% in 2008) • 4 primes are DMC users • Ideal program for large-format digital sensors: • Large area coverage • Rapid turnaround • Ortho deliverable • 4-band

  6. NAIP - Future • 100% digital in 2009 • 4-band multispectral • Tighter absolute positional accuracy requirements • Morph into IFTN?

  7. Forestry Resource Programs Applications include: • Vegetation species mapping • Wildfire fuel mapping • Resource inventory, timber yield measurement • Facilities mapping and design Requirements: • Higher resolution (1 foot) • 60% forward overlap for stereo coverage • ABGPS & IMU, Aerial Triangulation • 4-band (RGB & NIR) • Pilot projects flown in 2008 with DMC

  8. Small Area Acquisition Programs Includes: • NRI/PSU National Resource Inventory / Primary Sample Units • FIA Forest Inventory and Analysis • CRP Conservation Reserve Program • WRP Wetlands Reserve Program

  9. Small Area Acquisition Programs Future Trends: • Film -> Digital • Natural Color -> 4-band Multispectral • Photo Analysis -> Orthoimages and GIS Mapping • Increasing positional accuracy requirements: - ABGPS and IMU data

  10. Transition to Digital Acquisition Categories of digital sensors: • Large format – FOV equal or greater than 6” film cameras - large area ortho programs created new market - big investment required (> $1M) • Medium format – FOV ~ 50% of 6” film cameras - more affordable - until now, no metric or 4-band sensors available - potential replacement of 6” film cameras for other applications • Small format - not interesting – don’t meet geometric / radiometric requirements - previous “medium format” sensors should actually be here

  11. Transition to Digital Acquisition Intergraph Solutions include: • DMC large format metric digital mapping camera • RMK D medium format metric digital mapping camera • Z/I Mount 3-axis gyro-stabilized mount • Z/I Inflight GPS flight management system • GPS/IMU direct georeferencing systems

  12. Transition to Digital Acquisition Intergraph Sensors: • Custom-designed, high quality optics • Metric cameras - geometric accuracy • Electronic Forward Motion Compensation • 4-band multispectral • Field-serviceable – maximize uptime

  13. Transition to Digital Acquisition Intergraph Sensors: • Custom-designed, high quality optics • Metric cameras - geometric accuracy • Electronic Forward Motion Compensation • 4-band multispectral • Field-serviceable – maximize uptime

  14. Transition to Digital Acquisition Intergraph Sensors: • Custom-designed, high quality optics • Metric cameras - geometric accuracy • Electronic Forward Motion Compensation • 4-band multispectral • Field-serviceable – maximize uptime

  15. Transition to Digital Acquisition Intergraph Sensors: • Custom-designed, high quality optics • Metric cameras - geometric accuracy • Electronic Forward Motion Compensation • 4-band multispectral • Field-serviceable – maximize uptime

  16. DMC Digital Mapping Camera

  17. DMC Overview • Large format (13,824 x 7,680 pixel) metric frame camera • Custom Optics by Carl ZeissF = 120mm FOV = 70° x 42° • Shutter, aperture continuously variable: 1/50 – 1/300 sec ; f/4 – f/22 • Electronic (TDI) Forward Motion Compensation • Radiometric resolution: 12 bit • Frame rate: 2.1 sec / image • 4-band Multispectral (B, G, R, NIR), pan-sharpened • Solid State data storage – cartridges hold up to 2,000 images each • Higher mapping accuracy than film

  18. DMC Applications Suitable for deployment on: • NAIP • IFTN (all proposed resolutions) • Forest resource mapping • Any other large area programs • Also capable of large scale mapping • Versatility!

  19. San Juan River • 1st DMC Project in North America • Performed in mid-year 2003 • Collection by 3001, Inc. • 1.0’ pixel, 800 frames • Delivered RGB, CIR, PAN • State-wide ortho projects • 1.0 meter pixel

  20. Large-scale engineering projects • < 5cm pixel

  21. Data Classification

  22. RMK D • The New Medium Format Digital Aerial Camera from Intergraph

  23. RMK D Overview • Medium format (6000 x 6500 pixels) metric frame camera • Custom Optics by Carl Zeiss F = 45mm FOV = 52° x 55° • Electronic (TDI) Forward Motion Compensation • Frame rate: 1 second / image • Radiometric resolution: 12 bit • 4-Band B, G, R, NIR – Full resolution, no Bayer pattern • Solid-state data storage • Light weight (~130 lbs) and Power-efficient (25Amp max load)

  24. RMK D Overview • Metric accuracy for even large-scale mapping projects • Higher B/H ratio ( 0.42 ) for vertical accuracy • Swath width approx 50% of DMC • Entry-level pricing ~50% of large-format sensors • Affordable to small businesses

  25. RMK D Applications Suitable for deployment on: • Small Area Programs • NRI PSU • WRP • Others? • Pilot projects in 2009?

  26. US Commercial Capacity Systems deployed to date in the US: • DMC 25 systems, of which 21 are with commercial users • RMK D First systems to be installed in 2009 Future Potential: • Film camera replacements: 150

  27. Transition to Digital Acquisition Conclusions: • Transition for some large area programs almost complete • New metric medium format sensors suitable for small area programs • Significant benefits to users: image data quality and versatility • Digital acquisition capacity of commercial fliers increasing