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Los Angeles Area Metropolitan Transportation Power (Metro)

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  1. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) Metro’s Countywide Signal Priority Program T3 Webinar January 22, 2008

  2. Background • In the late 90’s, Metro funded several transit signal priority demonstrations • City of Los Angeles • City of Glendale • City of Lancaster • City of Santa Monica • Metro

  3. Metro’s Bus Signal Priority Pilot Project • Initiated in January 1999 • Multijurisdictional effort aimed at • minimizing delay experienced by buses and • shortening round trip running times • Develop a preferred signal priority solution for high-ridership corridors traversing multiple jurisdictions with different local traffic control equipment and software

  4. Program Context Los Angeles County • 89 jurisdictions • 43 public agencies providing fixed route bus service • Metro alone operates 191 bus routes with over 1.3 million weekday boardings on average

  5. Program Context, cont’d Los Angeles County • 1,433 square miles in Metro service area • City of Los Angeles = 466 sq. miles • 88 other jurisdictions = 967 sq. miles • Over 10,000 traffic signals

  6. Program Funding • Local • Proposition C: ½-cent sales tax used to maintain, improve and expand public transit as well as reduce congestion and increase mobility in LA County • Federal • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funds through FTA

  7. Program Funding • Bus Signal Priority Pilot Project: $4.3 million • Metro Rapid Countywide Signal Priority Expansion • Phase 1: $7.5 million • Phase 2: $8.7 million (estimate)

  8. Study Tour • Locations • Portland Tri-Met • KITSAP Transit • King County Metro

  9. Study Tour Objectives • Evaluate different signal priority technology solutions implemented by various transit properties • Study the institutional, political, legal, and financial issues • Assess systems integration complexities • Review adopted signal priority implementation guidelines • Discuss “lessons learned”

  10. King County Metro Transit Peer Review • Multiple jurisdictions • Several different traffic signal control hardware types • Multiple firmware interfaces • Decision to grant priority made at the local control level • Headway intervals were similar to ours • Local traffic engineering control

  11. Countywide Signal Priority Pilot Project • Crenshaw Corridor • 10.5 miles • Adams Blvd. to Redondo Beach Blvd. • 54 Signalized Intersections • 51 signal-priority- equipped • Jurisdictional Partners • City of Los Angeles • City of Inglewood • County of Los Angeles • Unincorporated County areas, City of Gardena and City of Hawthorne

  12. Countywide Signal Priority Evaluation Results • Average Bus Travel Time • Up to 8.8% reduction - northbound PM peak • Up to 4.2% reduction - southbound AM peak • Average Delay Due to Red Signals • Up to 22.5% reduction - northbound PM peak • Up to 12.5% reduction - southbound AM peak

  13. Bus-to-Intersection Communications Locate Vehicle Decision to request priority (DTRP) Decision to grant priority (DTGP) Implement priority On-Bus System Functions Traffic Signal Controller Functions Countywide Signal Priority Process

  14. Countywide Signal Priority WLAN Equipment

  15. Countywide Signal Priority On-Bus Equipment • Upper Left: Bus priority unit installed on a 45’ 2004 composite NABI • Upper Right: Bus priority unit installed on a 40’ 2001 NABI • Lower Left: Tri-Band Antenna installation forWLAN and GPS

  16. Countywide Signal Priority Technologies • On-Bus Equipment • Intersection Check-In Technologies • Intersection Controller Equipment Bus-to-Intersection Communications Locate Vehicle Decision to request priority Decision to grant priority Implement priority On-Bus System Functions Traffic Signal Controller Functions

  17. Countywide Signal Priority Technologies • On-Bus Equipment • Intersection Check-In Technologies • Intersection Controller Equipment Bus-to-Intersection Communications Locate Vehicle Decision to request priority Decision to grant priority Implement priority On-Bus System Functions Traffic Signal Controller Functions

  18. Countywide Signal Priority WLAN Equipment • Upper Left: Wireless Access point/bridge pole-mounted hardware • Lower Left: Full CSP WLAN cabinet mounted hardware at access point/bridge locations • Lower Right: Additional network equipment to provide power over Ethernet for pole mounted equipment

  19. Countywide Signal Priority WLAN Equipment • Upper Left: Typical WLAN antenna installed on traffic signal control cabinets at client intersection locations • Lower Left: Wireless device at client intersection providing serial connection to traffic signal controller • Upper Right: Pole-mounted client device installed at intersections where cabinet line of site is limited

  20. Countywide Signal Priority Traffic Signal Integration • Upper Left: Type 170 controller running CSP-modified LACO or BI-Trans 233 firmware • Upper Right: Type 2070 controller running CSP-modified LADOT firmware • Lower Left: ASC-2 NEMA controller running CSP-modified Econolite firmware

  21. Countywide Signal Priority Depot WLAN Equipment • Upper Right: WiMAX antenna provides wireless broadband connection to allow off-site monitoring of CSP-equipped buses • Left: WLAN equipment installed at Division 18 to monitor and provide wireless file updates to on-bus CSP units

  22. Countywide Signal Priority Expansion Phase I • 4 Metro Rapid Corridors Equipped with CSP • Long Beach Blvd. 11.3 Miles / 59 Intersections 6 Jurisdictions • Florence Blvd. 7.6 Miles / 41 Intersections 5 Jurisdictions • Hawthorne Blvd. 7.7 Miles / 39 Intersections 5 Jurisdictions • Soto St. 6.6 Miles / 36 Intersections 5 Jurisdictions

  23. Countywide Signal Priority Expansion Phase II • Expansion • Atlantic Ave. 25 Miles 128 Intersections 14 Jurisdictions • Garvey-Chavez St. 10.7 Miles 52 Intersections 4 Jurisdictions • Manchester Blvd. 7.8 Miles 45 Intersections 3 Jurisdictions

  24. Countywide Signal Priority Expansion

  25. Multijurisdictional Project Implementation: Challenges and Lessons Learned • Project Oversight and Coordination • Allocation of necessary staff resources • Project schedule to accommodate jurisdictional coordination Issues • Consensus Building • Schedule/time management • No “One size fits all” approach • Management, administrative, and technical staff must all be included in the decision making process • Work with your jurisdictional partners both collectively and individually to resolve implementation questions and concerns

  26. Multijurisdictional Project Implementation: Challenges and Lessons Learned • Legal Agreements • Respective legal counsels and technical staff must coordinate with one another to address legal concerns • Project scope, roles and responsibilities, on-going operations and maintenance, cooperation, communications, and liability are key elements • Legal impasse can become a showstopper • Corridor Synchronization • Signal timing update

  27. Multijurisdictional Project Implementation: Challenges and Lessons Learned • Technology Migration • Work with participating jurisdictions to ensure system- upgrade compatibility • Develop an operations and maintenance plan that accommodates potential hardware and software upgrades • Continually evaluate the existing system and look for opportunities to improve performance

  28. Steven Y. Gota Transportation Planning Manager San Gabriel Valley Area Team LA Metro One Gateway Plaza Mail Stop: 99-22-8 Los Angeles, CA  90012-2952 213-922-3043 GOTAS@metro.net Reinland Jones Transportation Planner San Gabriel Valley Area Team Los Angeles County Metro One Gateway Plaza Mail Stop: 99-22-8 Los Angeles, CA 90012-2952 213-922-2231 JONESRE@metro.net Contact Information