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Instructing in Britain

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  1. Teaching in England Preparing your placement 2007 IUFM de Paris

  2. Your tasks • Choose one of the following, do research and make a quick presentation of your findings: Teacher education and training: http://www.tda.gov.uk/ The National Curriculum – choose a subject: http://www.ncaction.org.uk/index.htm The University of East London: http://www.uel.ac.uk/

  3. Organisation of school time in England and Wales • 2006/7 school year Source: www.eurydice.org

  4. Pre-primary education • Organised provision since late 18th century (voluntary and philanthropic) • Pre-school education influenced by the ideals of Robert Owen, Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel and Montessori • 1998 School Standards and Framework Act – Local Authorities have the duty to provide pre-school education in their area • Since April 1999, all 4 year-olds have been offered 5 two-and-a-half hour sessions per week

  5. Specific legal framework • The Schools Standards and Framework Act defines nursery education as full-time or part-time education suitable for children who have not reached the compulsory school age (i.e. the term after a child’s fifth birthday) • Free part-time places have been available for all three-year-olds since April 2004 • The Government’s ’Every Child Matters’ agenda has aimed to develop more effective pre-school provision • 2002 Education Act – introduced the foundation stage as a part of the National Curriculum (3-5 years old)

  6. General objectives • All 3 and 4 year-olds are entitled to a free, good-quality pre-school place • Goals for pre-school learning: literacy numeracy development of personal and social skills

  7. Admissions • In England and Wales, parents have a right to express a preference for a particular nursery institution for their child • If demand for places exceeds availability, LAs give priority to children with special educational needs (SEN) and to children from socially and economically deprived families

  8. Age levels and grouping of children • Children in nursery schools are between 3 and 5 years old • They may be grouped according to age • There are no legal requirements concerning the number of adults per child needed but their are guidelines (Children Act 1989) = minimum of 2 adults for 26 children

  9. Organisation of time • The year runs from September to July and is divided into 3 terms • Each term should be at least 11 weeks in length (excluding half-term holidays) • Minimum of 5 sessions of nursery education per week (but parents can choose fewer) • Each session must be two-and-a-half hours in length • Maintained nurseries tend to follow the same terms as primary schools (open 38 weeks of the year) • Day nurseries (private sector) are generally open from 8am until 6pm and are open all year round

  10. Curriculum, types of activity, number of hours • The foundation stage targets: personal, social and emotional development communication, language and literacy mathematical development knowledge and understanding of the world physical development creative development

  11. Teaching methods and materials • The headteacher and staff are free to decide on the teaching methods and materials • LAs have no power to impose teaching methods • Evaluation: statutory assessment begins when children enter the foundation stage • Child’s development assessed

  12. For more detailed information go to www.eurydice.org

  13. Primary education • Starts at approx. the age of 5 • Many children start in the reception class of primary school at age 4 • In primary education, pupils follow key stages 1 and 2 of the National Curriculum • Primary education caters for pupils between the ages of 5 and 11 • Key stage 1 = 5-7 year-olds • Key stage 2 = 7-11 year-olds

  14. Education provided by publicly funded maintained schools must be FREE • There may be some charges for extra-curricular activities • The National Curriculum aims to raise educational standards for all children aged 5 to 16 • Local Authorities must ensure FREE transport to and from school for all pupils of compulsory age

  15. Age levels and grouping of pupils Most children are taught in mixed-ability classes with children of the same age Many primary schools have one or more mixed-age classes School time The school year runs from 1 September to 31 August The summer break is of about six weeks Shorter breaks of 2-3 weeks at Christmas and Easter Schools are generally open between 9.00 am and 3.30/4.00 pm with approx 1 hour for lunch A 15 min break may punctuate the morning and afternoon sessions

  16. Lessons • Number of lessons per week: 21 hours for pupils aged 5 to 7 23.5 hours for pupils aged 8 to 11 This is in addition to a daily act of worship, registration and breaks for lunch and recreation • The school year is 190 days (38 weeks)

  17. Curriculum, subjects and number of hours • The Education Act 1996 requires LAs, school governing bodies and the headteacher of all maintained schools to guard against the political indoctrination of pupils by forbidding the ‘pursuit of partisan activities’ • Political issues must be presented in a balanced way • English, mathematics and science are coresubjects • ICT, design and technology, history, geography, music and PE are foundation subjects • Religious education is also taught (the syllabus is agreed locally and reviewed every 5 years)

  18. The six key skills in KS1 and KS2 • Communication • Application of number • Working with others • Information technology • Improving own learning and performance • Problem-solving

  19. Citizenship, personal, social and health education • Publicly funded maintained schools are expected to follow a framework of citizenship, PSHE in KS1 and KS2 • Certain aspects of drugs education (particularly tobacco and alcohol as well as illegal drugs) are compulsory

  20. Formative elements help teachers decide how a pupil's learning should be taken forward, and give the pupils clear and understandable targets and feedback about their achievements. This information helps teachers and others to identify the need for further diagnostic assessments for particular pupils in order to help their educational development. This form of assessment is becoming known as 'assessment for learning'. Summative elements provide evidence of pupils' achievements and of what they know, understand and can do, and is becoming known as 'assessment of learning'. There is no certificate awarded at the end of primary school. Pupil assessment

  21. Attainment targets England • Key stage 1 and 2 English Attainment Target 1 Speaking and listening Attainment Target 2 Reading Attainment Target 3 Writing • Key stage 1 and 2 mathematics Attainment Target 1 Using and applying mathematics Attainment Target 2 Number and algebra Attainment Target 3 Shape, space and measures Attainment Target 4 Handling data (not applicable at key stage 1)   • Key stage 1 and 2 science Attainment Target 1 Scientific enquiry Attainment Target 2 Life processes and living things Attainment Target 3 Materials and their properties Attainment Target 4 Physical processes

  22. Education Welfare Officers (EWO) offer guidance and support on attendance and related pupil welfare issues to schools and families. They play an important role in helping to ensure regular school attendance. For further information about primary education in England go to www.eurydice.org and specific English websites.