Web Seminar on ImmigrationTraining on Legal Assistance for Temporary Protected StatusJanuary 22, 2010 3:00 p.m. EST
www.sps.cuny.edu www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow www.legal-aid.org www.thenyic.org www.nyc.gov/html/imm/html/home/home.shtml
How to Ask Questions During the Seminar Submit Questions Here Mac PC If you experience technical difficulties please call, 1-800-263-6317 Press 1 for GotoWebinar then 2 for TechSupport
Allan Wernick Director, CUNY Citizenship Now!
Jay Hershenson Senior Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Secretary of the Board of Trustees, City University of New York
Immigration Law Studies Certificate Program • Basic Course • Introduction to Immigration Law • Advanced Courses • Business Immigration Law • Family-Based Immigration Law • Proceedings in Immigration Court • Naturalization and Citizenship
Help the Haitian Community by Volunteering Saturday, January 30 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Medgar Evers College 1650 Bedford Ave Founders Auditorium (between Montgomery and Crown Streets) Brooklyn, NY 11225 Saturday, February 6 10 a.m.-5 p.m. PS 181 1023 New York Avenue (between Snyder and Tilden Avenues) Brooklyn, NY 11226 Visit www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow to sign up 8
Today’s Presenters Jojo AnnobilAttorney in Charge, Immigration Law Unit, Legal Aid Julie DinnersteinCo-Director, Immigration Intervention Project, Sanctuary for Families
Training on Legal Assistance for Temporary Protected Status • What is TPS? a. Benefits/downsides b. Eligibility c. Requirements • Where to file. a. Fees/Fee Waivers b. Post filing • Crimes and Inadmissibility
Julie Dinnerstein Co-Director, Immigration Intervention Project, Sanctuary for Families
What is TPS? Julie Dinnerstein • TPS stands for Temporary Protected Status. • TPS is a status which allows noncitizens to live and work in the United States. • TPS is a nonimmigrant status defined by INA §244 and described by 8 CFR §244.1 - .20. • TPS is, from time to time, offered to nationals (and stateless residents) of designated countries for specific periods of time by DHS where there has been a natural disaster or catastrophic civil unrest.
Haitian TPS Julie Dinnerstein • Per the Federal Register, Nationals of Haiti (and aliens having no nationality who last habitually resided in Haiti) who have been “continuously physically present” in the United States since January 21, 2010 and have “continuously resided” in the United States since January 12, 2010, may apply for TPS within the registration period that begins on January 21, 2010 and ends on July 20, 2010. This designation of Haiti for TPS is effective on January 21, 2010, and will remain in effect through July 22, 2011. The 180-day registration period for eligible individuals to submit their TPS applications begins January 21, 2010, and will remain in effect until July 20, 2010. • Designation of Haiti for Temporary Protected Stats, 75 Fed. Reg. 3476-3479 (Jan. 21, 2010)
What is TPS not? Julie Dinnerstein • TPS is not a travel document. • TPS is not lawful permanent resident (LPR, aka “green card”) status. • TPS does not lead to LPR status or U.S. citizenship.
Benefits of applying for TPS Julie Dinnerstein • Under 8 CFR §244.5(b), a TPS applicant who has established prima facie eligibility for TPS “shall be afforded temporary treatment benefits” which include: • temporary stay of deportation (8 CFR §244.10(e)(1)(i)); and • temporary employment authorization (8 CFR §244.10(e)(1)(ii)) • Under N.Y. Soc. Serv. Law § 122(c), as modified by Aliessa v. Novello, 96 N.Y.2d 418 (2001), a New York resident TPS applicant is eligible for New York funded Medical Assistance (known popularly as “Medicaid,” although not federally funded). • TPS applicants maintain these benefits once granted TPS.
Downside to applying for TPS Julie Dinnerstein • Applicants will be fingerprinted by USCIS. • Applicants with criminal records that may make them ineligible for TPS and other benefits flag their criminal histories. • Applicants whose applications are denied may be placed in removal proceedings (8 CFR §244.18) which can lead to detention and deportation. • Applicants who knowingly provide fraudulent information on applications may be subject to criminal liability.
Who is eligible to apply for TPS? Julie Dinnerstein • Haitian nationals (and stateless individuals who last habitually resided in Haiti) who: • have been continuously residing in the United States since January 12, 2010; and • are not ineligible • based on a single felony or two misdemeanor convictions; or • based on other criminal and security grounds of inadmissibility
Poll Question Julie Dinnerstein Jose was born and raised in the Dominican Republic but when he was 15 he moved to Haiti, though he never became a Haitian citizen. He lived in Haiti until 2007, when he came to the U.S. at age 35. Can Jose apply for TPS?
Help the Haitian Community by Volunteering Saturday, January 30 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Medgar Evers College 1650 Bedford Ave Founders Auditorium (between Montgomery and Crown Streets) Brooklyn, NY 11225 Saturday, February 6 10 a.m.-5 p.m. PS 181 1023 New York Avenue (between Snyder and Tilden Avenues) Brooklyn, NY 11226 Visit www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow to sign up 19
What is required to file for TPS? Julie Dinnerstein All TPS applicants must file: • Form I-821 • Form I-765 (answer C19 to Question #16) and include: • Evidence establishing Haitian nationality (or statelessness with Haiti as the country of last habitual residence); • Evidence establishing continuous physical presence since January 12, 2010 • $50 fee or request for fee waiver • Additional requirements, depending on age of applicants
What else is required to file for TPS?Applicants 13 and younger Julie Dinnerstein • No extra fees (other than the $50 fee or fee waiver request) required. • 2 passport style pictures if an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) is requested. (Always request an EAD – it is a significant ID, even for babies and young children.) • EAD is free.
What else is required to file for TPS?Applicants 14 - 65 Julie Dinnerstein • In addition to the basic $50 fee or fee waiver request, other fees are required • $80 biometric fee (or fee waiver request) • If an EAD is requested (and always request an EAD), • 2 passport style photos; • $340 EAD application fee (or fee waiver request).
What else is required to file for TPS?Applicants 66 and older Julie Dinnerstein • In addition to the basic $50 fee or fee request, other fees are required • $80 biometric fee (or fee waiver request) • If an EAD is requested (and always request an EAD), 2 passport style photos. • EAD is free.
Establishing Haitian nationality Julie Dinnerstein Primary evidence under 8 CFR §244.9(a)(1) • Passport (whether or not expired); • Birth certificate (with certified translation) accompanied by photo identification; • Any national identity document from Haiti bearing photo and/or fingerprints.
Establishing Haitian Nationality (Cont.) Julie Dinnerstein • General evidentiary rule: “If a required document, such as a birth or marriage certificate, does not exist or cannot be obtained, an applicant or petitioner must demonstrate this and submit secondary evidence, such as church or school records, pertinent to the facts at issue. If secondary evidence also does not exist or cannot be obtained, the applicant or petitioner must demonstrate the unavailability of both the required document and relevant secondary evidence, and submit two or more affidavits, sworn to or affirmed by persons who are not parties to the petition who have direct personal knowledge of the event and circumstances.” 8 CFR § 103.2(b)(2)(i) Regulations on secondary evidence •TPS rule:“If any required document is unavailable, an affidavit or other credible evidence may be submitted.” 8 CFR § 244.9(a)
Establishing Haitian Nationality (Cont.) Julie Dinnerstein Some brainstorming suggestions • Birth certificates of children born in New York list the country of birth of both parents; • A person may FOIA his/her FBI records, which records may contain information on country of birth (and, as a plus, may provide sufficient information to a would-be Haitian TPS applicant such that he or she realizes that her criminal history will preclude the grant of TPS and thus the individual should not file for TPS). • Government records from Haiti (marriage, divorce, tax records, etc.).
Julie Dinnerstein Poll Question Which of the following would you use to establish your Haitian nationality? A statement from:
Help the Haitian Community by Volunteering Saturday, January 30 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Medgar Evers College 1650 Bedford Ave Founders Auditorium (between Montgomery and Crown Streets) Brooklyn, NY 11225 Saturday, February 6 10 a.m.-5 p.m. PS 181 1023 New York Avenue (between Snyder and Tilden Avenues) Brooklyn, NY 11226 Visit www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow to sign up 28
Establishing Haitian Nationality (Cont.) Julie Dinnerstein • New York City 271 Madison Avenue, 5th FloorNew York, NY 10016 (between 39th and 40th)Telephone : 212.697.9767 E-mail: email@example.com Work with the Haitian Consulate in NYC and Embassy in DC • Washington DC2311 Massachusetts. Ave., N.W.Washington, DC 20008Telephone: 202-332-4090Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Tip Julie Dinnerstein After submitting a TPS application, a Haitian without a current, valid passport may wish to obtain one to facilitate subsequent fingerprinting appointments and other interactions with government officials requiring photo ID. Individuals who can afford to travel to Washington D.C. and can arrive at the Haitian Embassy early in the morning may be able to get same day service on passport applications.
Establishing presence on January 12, 2010 and continuing residence under 8 CFR §244.9(a)(2) Julie Dinnerstein • As a general rule, documents that establish entry into United Statespre-1/12/10 or ongoing presence pre-1/12/10 tend to suggest presence on 1/12/10 and continuing presence. • Immigration documents: • I-94 card establishing pre-1/12/10 entry; • Passport stamp establishing pre-1/12/10 entry; • Filings from United States with U.S. immigration authorities; • Documents and correspondence received from U.S. immigration authorities
Establishing presence on January 12, 2010 and continuing presence: USCIS suggestions (Cont.) Employment and tax records; Gas, electric, phone, rent bills, etc.; School records (for self and children); Medical records (for self and children); Birth certificates of children born in the United States Attestations by officials from churches, unions and other organizations; Financial records; Vehicle/driving records; Miscellaneous government records; Correspondence sent to TPS applicant in United States Julie Dinnerstein
Fees and Fee Waivers Julie Dinnerstein • Fees are paid to the Department of Homeland Security and may be paid by personal check or money order. • Fees are required for each applicant individually (not, for example, for all members of a family). • Fee waivers are available for all fees associated with TPS. • Fee waiver applications can slow down processing.
General Fee Waiver Rules: 8 CFR §103.7(c)(1) Julie Dinnerstein “The person seeking a fee waiver must file his or her affidavit, or unsworn declaration made pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1746, asking for permission to prosecute without payment of fee of the application, petition, appeal, motion, or request, and stating his or her belief that he or she is entitled to or deserving of the benefit requested and the reasons for his or her inability to pay. The officer of the Department of Homeland Security having jurisdiction to render a decision on the application, petition, appeal, motion, or request may, in his or her discretion, grant the waiver of fee. . .”
TPS Fee Waiver Rules: 8 CFR §240.20(e) Julie Dinnerstein For purposes of this section, the following documentation shall be required: (1) The applicant seeking a fee waiver must submit an affidavit, under penalty of perjury, setting forth information to establish that he or she satisfies the requirements of this section. The affidavit shall individually list: (i) The applicant's monthly gross income from each source for each of the three months prior to the filing of the fee waiver request; (ii) All assets owned, possessed, or controlled by the applicant or by his or her dependents;
TPS Fee Waiver Rules: 8 CFR §240.20(e) (cont.) Julie Dinnerstein (iii) The applicant's essential monthly expenditures, itemized for each of the three months prior to the filing of the fee waiver request, including essential extraordinary expenditures; and (iv) The applicant's dependents in the United States, his or her relationship to those dependents, the dependents' ages, any income earned or received by those dependents, and the street address of each dependent's place of residence. (2) The applicant may also submit other documentation tending to substantiate his or her inability to pay.
Recent statements by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services on Fee Waivers for TPS Julie Dinnerstein • You may request a waiver of TPS-related application fees and/or the biometrics fee by submitting a fee waiver request with proper documentation of inability to pay. Such documentation would include: • Receiving a federal/statement benefits that is determined by your level of income, or • Evidence of household income that is below Federal poverty guidelines; or • Evidence of extraordinary expenses incurred when compared to income such as high medical bills
Recent statements by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services on Fee Waivers for TPS (Cont.) Julie Dinnerstein • Fee waivers may also be given for humanitarian reasons such as disability, homelessness or age. Documentation must also be provided to support these claims. All documentation must be in English or translated into English. • An individual who requests a fee waiver must state exactly which fees (e.g., Form I-821 application fee, Form I-765 application fee; and/or the biometrics services fee) he or she wants waived. In order to obtain a fee waiver, you must submit, with these forms, a written statement, made under oath, affirmation, or pursuant to 28 USC 1746, under penalty of perjury. In the written statement you must state that you believe you are eligible for TPS and that you want the fees waived. You must also explain why you are unable to pay the required fees.
Fee Waivers: Practice Tips Julie Dinnerstein • This is not a tax filing – specific figures do not have to be exact as long as you indicate that the figures are an approximation and indicate the basis of approximation (for those without W-2 wages, that is usually memory, consideration of expenses and how they were paid, etc.) • USCIS is expected to interpret fee waiver liberally and provide guidance through fact sheets and other information posted
Julie Dinnerstein Poll Question Marie, a single woman with no children, has been working off the books as a home aide and makes about $400 a week. She makes about two times the poverty level but money is tight because she sends most of her money home to her elderly parents. Should she qualify for a fee waiver?
Help the Haitian Community by Volunteering Saturday, January 30 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Medgar Evers College 1650 Bedford Ave Founders Auditorium (between Montgomery and Crown Streets) Brooklyn, NY 11225 Saturday, February 6 10 a.m.-5 p.m. PS 181 1023 New York Avenue (between Snyder and Tilden Avenues) Brooklyn, NY 11226 Visit www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow to sign up 41
Where to file? Julie Dinnerstein • New York State residents By mail: USCISPO Box 660167Dallas, TX 75266- 0167 By courier: USCISAttn: Haiti TPS2501 S. State Hwy. 121 Business, Suite 400Lewisville, TX 7506 • Residents all other states have distinct mailing addresses. Check the USCIS web site or the Federal Register.
Practice Tips Julie Dinnerstein • Never send original documents (birth certificates, property deeds, passports, etc.), just copies. • ALWAYS keep copies of all filings. • Submit applications by return receipt. • Submit only one application per mailing envelope (i.e., 4 family members = 4 separate envelopes with 4 separate applications and fees or fee waivers).
Post-filing Julie Dinnerstein • If TPS applicant moves, he or she must file a Change of Address on Form AR-11 within 10 days. If AR-11 is filed on-line, the change of address can be linked directly to the pending TPS application (if application remains pending at time of move). • Once receipt for TPS application is received, New York resident TPS applicants are eligible for government funded health insurance in New York. • Once EAD is received, noncitizen may apply for and obtain Social Security Number (SSN). Brooklyn and Queens residents must apply at designated Social Security Administration offices. See http://www.socialsecurity.gov/cardcenters/cardcenterinfo.html. (All others may apply at any Social Security Administration office.)
Post-filing (Cont.) Julie Dinnerstein • All non-citizen males between the ages of 18-26 in the US, even those without any immigration status at all, MUST register for Selective Service. Do not wait until TPS application is filed and even those ineligible for TPS must file. Applications available on-line at www.sss.gov and at any U.S. Post Office; note that online filing may not be available for noncitizens without SSNs or where the SSN was recently issued. Note that despite registration requirement, most persons who are not USCs or LPRs, including most persons in TPS status, are not eligible to volunteer for the armed forces. • Persons who have lived in New York State for more than a year and are granted TPS are eligible for in-state tuition.
Jojo Annobil Attorney in Charge Immigration Law Unit, Legal Aid
Criminal and Inadmissibility Bars to Temporary Protected Status Have you ever been arrested, cited, charged, indicted, fined or imprisoned for breaking or violating any law or ordinance? If client answers NO follow with these additional questions. • Have you ever been fingerprinted? • Have you ever been stopped by the police? • Have you ever been detained by the police? • Have you ever been questioned by the police? To obtain criminal record ask client to go to courthouse where case was heard and ask court clerk for a certified certificate of disposition Jojo Annobil
Poll Question Jojo Annobil Philippe is not sure if he was arrested. He was with a group of friends on the corner and the police rounded them all up and brought them to the precinct. Actually, he was pretty drunk and cannot remember if he was even fingerprinted. What should he do?
Help the Haitian Community by Volunteering Saturday, January 30 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Medgar Evers College 1650 Bedford Ave Founders Auditorium (between Montgomery and Crown Streets) Brooklyn, NY 11225 Saturday, February 6 10 a.m.-5 p.m. PS 181 1023 New York Avenue (between Snyder and Tilden Avenues) Brooklyn, NY 11226 Visit www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow to sign up 49
Criminal Bars to TPS INA §244(C)(2)(B)(i), 8 CFR §244.4(a) Conviction of: 1. One felony or 2. Two or more misdemeanors makes a person ineligible for TPS Felony = any crime which is punishable by imprisonment of more than one year irrespective of actual confinement Misdemeanor = any crime which is punishable by up to a year in jail In New York an A or B misdemeanor conviction Any crime punishable by a maximum of 5 days or less imprisonment is not a felony or misdemeanor Jojo Annobil