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  1. Sentence Styles Lesson Ten

  2. Visible Speecha short course in the fundamentalsof writing / lesson ten By Joe Napora

  3. Symbols Used in This Program Symbol Key:= Advance to next slide = Return to previous slide = Return to the first slide = Go to Part One = Go to Part Two = Go to Part Three = Go to Part Four = Go to Part Five 1 2 3 4 5

  4. Prepositions Take your basic sentence: John loves Mary. [S + V + O] Add a preposition phrase: John loves Mary with all of his heart. [S + V + O + PP] Prepositions are the most common words in the English language. You can’t say more than a few words without one.

  5. Prepositions, again Take your basic sentence with a prepositional phrase: John loves Mary with all of his heart. [S + V + O + PP] Write it in this form: PP + S + V + O With all of his heart, John loves Mary. What is the difference between these two sentences?

  6. Absolutes Take your basic sentence. John loves Mary. [S + V + O] Add an absolute phrase. His heart ruling his head, John loves Mary. AP + S + V + O Absolutes are phrases that contain a complete subject [his heart] but only a partial verb [ruling].

  7. Appositives Take your basic sentence. John loves Mary. [S + V + O] Add an appositive phrase. John, the great Romeo, loves Mary. S + ApP + V + O The word “appositive” means “positioned next to.

  8. Participles Take your basic sentence. John loves Mary. [S + V + O] Add a participle phrase. Ignoring his mother’s advice, John loves Mary. PP + S + V + O Participles are ways to add more movement into your sentences.

  9. Relative Clauses Take your basic sentence. John loves Mary. [S + V + O] Add a relative clause. John loves Mary, who he only met yesterday. S + V + O + RC Who, which, when, where are the most common relative pronouns. End of Lesson 10