Attributes of Typical and Irregular Pee - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

characteristics of normal and abnormal urine l.
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Attributes of Typical and Irregular Pee PowerPoint Presentation
Attributes of Typical and Irregular Pee

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Attributes of Typical and Irregular Pee

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  1. Characteristics of Normal and Abnormal Urine Heather Nelson, RN

  2. Urine Amount • Normal: 1200-1500 ml • Abnormal: Under 1200 ml • Decreased fluid intake • Kidney failure • Abnormal: Over 1500 ml • Diabetes • Diuretics • Increased fluid intake

  3. Urine Color • Normal: Straw, amber, or transparent

  4. Urine Color • Abnormal: • Dark amber • Insufficient fluid intake resulting in concentrated urine • Cloudy • Infectious process • Dark orange • Drugs (e.g., Pyridium) • Red or dark brown • Disease process causing blood in urine

  5. Urine Consistency • Normal: Clear liquid • Abnormal: Mucous plugs, viscid, thick • Infectious process

  6. Urine Odor • Normal: Faint aromatic • Abnormal: Offensive • Infectious process

  7. Urine Sterility • Normal: No microorganisms present • Abnormal: Microorganisms present • Infection of the urinary tract

  8. Urine pH • Normal: 4.5 to 8 • Abnormal: Over 8 • Urinary tract infection • Abnormal: Under 4.5 • Uncontrolled diabetes, starvation, dehydration

  9. Urine Specific Gravity • Normal: 1.010 to 1.025 • Abnormal: Under 1.010 • Diabetes insipidus, kidney disease, overhydration • Abnormal: Over 1.025 • Diabetes mellitus, underhydration

  10. Urine Glucose • Normal: Not present • Abnormal: Present • Diabetes mellitus

  11. Urine Ketone Bodies (Acetone) • Normal: Not present • Abnormal: Present • Diabetic coma, starvation, prolonged vomiting

  12. Urine Blood • Normal: Not present • Abnormal: Occult • Kidney disease • Abnormal: Bright red • Hemorrhage