AN Assessment STUDY FOR Fiber Examination BY UV-VIS MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

an evaluation study for fibre analysis by uv vis microspectrophotometry n.
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AN Assessment STUDY FOR Fiber Examination BY UV-VIS MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRY PowerPoint Presentation
AN Assessment STUDY FOR Fiber Examination BY UV-VIS MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRY

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AN Assessment STUDY FOR Fiber Examination BY UV-VIS MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRY

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  1. AN EVALUATION STUDY FOR FIBRE ANALYSIS BY UV-VIS MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRY By Johanne Almer, Eleanor McAnsh, & Barbara Doupe Centre of Forensic Sciences Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, Ontario

  2. INTRODUCTION Colour can be a highly discriminating feature in forensic fibre comparison. VIS microspectrophotometry increased the ability for colour discrimination. Further discrimination can be obtained in the UV spectral range.

  3. PURPOSE In this study, various aspects of UV-VIS microspectrophotometry were assessed to evaluate its use in a forensic laboratory for routine fibre analysis.

  4. PURPOSE • Instrumental stability • Interferences from mounting materials • Interferences from fibre polymers • Its relative value compared to VIS microspectrophotometry

  5. METHODOLOGYInstrumental stability Same-day fibre analysis reproducibility • Green acrylic fibre absorbance was measured 6x in approx the same location over 8 hour period Day-to-day fibre analysis reproducibility • Green acrylic fibre absorbance was measured 6x in approx the same location over 28 day period

  6. RESULTS Instrumental stability Spectral results from same-day

  7. RESULTS Instrumental stability Spectral results from day-to-day

  8. METHODOLOGY Interferences from mounting materials UV-VIS absorbance was measured through: • Glass slide • Quartz slide • Glycerine on quartz • XAM on quartz

  9. RESULTSInterferences from mounting materials Absorbance spectra of mounting materials

  10. METHODOLOGY Interferences from fibre polymers UV-VIS absorbance was measured for white, non-dyed fibres of different polymer types: • Cotton, ramie, wool, silk • Di-acetate, triacetate, viscose • Nylon 6, nylon 66, polyethylene, polypropylene, PET, PCDT • Modacrylics: PAN/VC, PAN/VDC, PAN/VDC/MMA, PAN/VDC/VBr/ARS • Acrylics: PAN/MA, PAN/MMA, PAN/VA, PAN/PVP, PAN/MA/MVP, PAN/VA/MVP

  11. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers • High UV absorbance of wool, silk, polyester, and acrylics with MVP • Moderate to low UV absorbance of acetates, nylons, modacrylics and acrylics with PVP • No UV absorbance of cotton, ramie, viscose, olefin and acrylic with no PVP/MVP

  12. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Protein fibres

  13. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Polyester fibres

  14. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Polyamide fibres

  15. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Cellulosic fibres

  16. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Acrylic fibres

  17. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Modacrylic fibres

  18. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Modacrylic fibres

  19. RESULTS Interferences from fibre polymers Olefin fibres

  20. METHODOLOGY VIS analysis vs UV-VIS analysis • Absorbance was measured between 240-770nm with coloured fibres mounted on quartz and on glass, and • Absorbance was measured between 380-770nm with coloured fibres mounted on glass

  21. METHODOLOGYVIS analysis vs UV-VIS analysis • Wool: red • Viscose: yellow, orange, red, pink, purple, green, blue, brown, and black • Di-acetate: yellow, tangerine, red, pink, violet, green, blue, brown, and black • Nylon 66: yellow, red burgundy, aqua, blue, brown, and black • Acrylic PAN/MMA: yellow, orange, rust, fuschia, purple, green, blue, brown, and charcoal

  22. RESULTSVIS analysis vs UV-VIS analysis • Peak shapes were the same in the visible range • No trend in sensitivity

  23. RESULTS Fibre polymers with high UV absorbance Red wool fibre

  24. RESULTS Fibre polymers with low UV absorbance Violet and white di-acetate fibres

  25. RESULTS Fibre polymers with no UV absorbance Orange viscose fibre

  26. RESULTS Fibre polymers with no UV absorbance Rust acrylic fibre

  27. CONCLUSIONS The microspectrophotometry of all coloured fibres can initially be done with XAM-mounted glass slides from 300-770nm with the UV-VIS system. • Additional peaks can be obtained for all fibres by extending the range to include 300-380nm.

  28. CONCLUSIONS The need for re-mounting onto quartz slides for full UV-VIS analysis at 240-770nm depends on the fibre type and spectral results. • For fibres which have a increasing slope below 300nm need to be re-mounted. • For fibres which have no increasing slope below 300nm should be re-mounted. • For fibres which have polymers with high UV absorbance no re-mounting would be necessary.

  29. Fibres Mounted on Glass Slides Analyse Fibres 300-770nm Analyse Fibres 300-770nm Done No Yes Re-analyse Fibres on Quartz Slides CONCLUSIONS Nylons, Acetates, Modacrylic, Cotton, Ramie, Viscose, All other Acrylics, and Olefins Silk, Wool, Acrylic with MVP, and Polyester Absorbance at 300nm > non-dyed referencepolymer spectra?