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Worldwide Mindfulness for Each Educator and Each Tyke PowerPoint Presentation
Worldwide Mindfulness for Each Educator and Each Tyke

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Worldwide Mindfulness for Each Educator and Each Tyke

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  1. Global Awareness for Every Teacher & Every Child Association for Childhood Education International April 2010 Dr. Betty B. Peel, Associate Professor Mr. Blake F. Wiggs, MAT Social Studies East Carolina University

  2. Curriculum standards for both schools and universities are placing increasing emphasis on global awareness (Freidman, 2005; Hunt, 2005; Heyl & McCarthy, 2005: Collins, Czarra & Smith, 2002)

  3. Why? • “Globalization is not new, but the present era has distinctive features. Shrinking space, shrinking time, and disappearing borders are linking people’s lives more deeply, more intensely, more immediately than ever before.” (United Nations, 1999)

  4. What is global awarenessall about? • “Global education should be ‘about’ improving teaching quality; getting values of mutual understanding, respect, and cooperation across cultures into the curriculum; and inspiring students’ curiosity to explore beyond their borders and boundaries.” Bales, 2005

  5. From a child’s perspective, this includes such concepts as: • “You are a human being; your home is planet Earth; you are a citizen of a multicultural society; and you live in an interrelated world.” (Anderson, Nicklas & Crawford, 1994)

  6. Global awareness means more than knowing your “geography” • “Global education encompasses the strategies, policies and plans that prepare young people and adults for living together in an interdependent world. It is based on the principles of cooperation, non-violence, respect for human rights and cultural diversity, democracy and tolerance. Osler & Vincent,2002

  7. Can all teachers teach these concepts? • What about teachers who have not traveled extensively and who are not knowledgeable about cultures other than their own? • How do they create a climate which fosters global awareness? • How do they obtain the knowledge and dispositions to do this?

  8. Teacher education standards and programs have included content on diversity to prepare teachers for our changing classrooms demographics, and yet….

  9. Many geographical areas remain culturally and soci-economically homogeneous • And include populations who have limited opportunities for travel and the development of “world perspectives”

  10. Is global awareness necessary for all teachers and students? Global awareness is just as important for these teachers and students living in less diverse regions as it is for those living in multicultural urban areas….consider the values: cooperation, respect, tolerance, etc.

  11. Challenges to Teacher Educators: • Equip teachers with the knowledge & skills to teach global content • Foster dispositions which enable educators to deliver global content effectively • Prepare teachers to create learning environments which foster global mindedness

  12. Current strategies to prepare and support teachers • Community networks • Content workshops • International travel • Libraries • Interdisciplinary perspectives What do these entail?

  13. Community Networks • Social networking • Community festivals Merryfield and Kasai, 2004 Provide preservice teachers with opportunities to connect through campus and community activities with international students and families. Encourage participation and experiential learning through active involvement in cultural traditions and celebrations.

  14. Content Workshops • Engage teachers in global awareness • Prepare teachers for diversity • Develop cultural literacy Focus on content that closes the “knowledge gap,” but not by learning isolated social studies facts. Current educational values stress critical thinking & respect for other cultures.

  15. International Travel • Summer Institutes • Study Tours • Personal Travel Many current preservice teachers have had opportunities to travel abroad. If they have traveled with a group of Americans, they may have primarily interacted with their travel group and experienced the culture only through the eyes of “a tourist.” Opportunities to visit with families, in homes, schools, etc. provide a more realistic view of cultures. Merryfield and Kasai, 2004

  16. Libraries • Non Western Sources • Global Newspapers • Conflicting Viewpoints Hicks and Ewing, 2003 Use technology and primary sources to assist preservice teachers in viewing historical as well as current events through the eyes of people of another culture.

  17. Interdisciplinary Perspectives • Encourage an interdisciplinary model rather than study in isolation (choosing to learn about one country or concept at a time) An interdisciplinary context focuses on citizenship exercised across multiple life dimensions (ecological, economic, political, social & cultural)

  18. In 1969, Taylor wrote, “Whatever they teach, teachers should be educated in a way calculated to raise their awareness of what is happening to mankind in the world’s contemporary circumstances.” • Teacher preparation programs today strive not only to raise this global awareness among graduates, but also to teach how to raise this awareness among their students

  19. To enhance global awareness among their students, teachers should include these dimensions in their classrooms & teaching: (Hanvey, 1976; Kirkwood, 2001; Merryfield, 2001) • Perspective Consciousness • “State of the Planet” Awareness • Cross Cultural Awareness • Knowledge of Global Awareness • Awareness of Human Choices • Understanding of the Marginalized Point of View • Involvement in Local or Global Affairs • Analyzing the Educational Legacy of Colonialism

  20. Perspective Consciousness • Students should Realize each person’s world view is unique • Classroom Strategies Compare personal likes/dislikes; older children may compare personal timelines of important life events

  21. “State of the Planet” Awareness • Students should Be aware of world conditions and trends • Classroom Strategies Practice conservation and recycling; participate in projects which promote awareness of others’ living conditions (such as Heifer Project)

  22. Cross Cultural Awareness Students should Perceive your culture from other vantage points; live “in” rather than “with” Classroom Strategies Set up a pen pal project with a classroom in another country; younger children can communicate through pictures

  23. Knowledge of Global Dynamics • Students should Be aware that world events are interconnected and have unanticipated consequences • Classroom Strategies Examine the plight of endangered animal species

  24. Awareness of Human Choices • Students should Realize implications of choices • Classroom strategies Provide learning opportunities to demonstrate cause & effect; supply & demand

  25. Understanding the Marginalized Point of View • Students should: Have empathy for the disenfranchised • Classroom Strategies: Use children’s literature, role play and discussions to facilitate children’s understanding of discrimination, human rights

  26. Involvement in Local or Global Affairs • Students should: Participate in service learning with a goal of improving the human condition • Classroom Strategies Start a classroom/school recycling project; collect canned food for a local food bank or soup kitchen

  27. Analyzing the Educational Legacy of Colonialism • Students should Analyze alternatives to the Eurocentric framework of history • Classroom Strategies Use children’s literature that portrays the views of other cultures

  28. Every day, teachers make instructional decisions that affect how students perceive their own culture, their nation, the lives of people around the world, and the issues and conflicts facing the planet. (Merryfield, 2002) Is global awareness important for ALL teachers and students? ABSOLUTELY!

  29. References Ben-Peretz, M. (2001). The Impossible Role of Teacher Educators in a Changing World. Journal of Teacher Education, 52(1), 48-56. Cavanagh, S. (2004). International Education Inching Forward in U.S. Classrooms. Education Week, 24(13), 10-10. Retrieved Wednesday, August 30, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier Database. Chisholm, I. (1994). Preparing Teachers for Multicultural Classrooms. The Journal of Educational Issues of Language Minority Students, 14(Winter), 43-68. Education for Global Leadership. (n.d.). Committee for Economic Development. Retrieved December 14, 2009, from Global Education Checklist. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2009, from

  30. Hanvey, R. (2004). An Attainable Global Perspective. The American Forum for Global Education, n/a, 1-47. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from Hicks, D., & Ewing, T. (2003). Bringing the World into the Classroom with Online Global Newspapers. Social Education, 67(3), 134-139. Holloway, J. (2002). What Do Students Know?. Educational Leadership, 60(2), 85-86. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from Kirkwood, T. (2001). Our Global Age Requires Global Education: Clarifying Definitional Ambiguities. Social Studies, 92(1), 10-15. Knapp, N. (2005). "They're Not Like Me!" The Role of Educational Psychology in Preparing Teachers for Diversity. The Clearing House, 78(5), 202. Merryfield, M., & Kasai, M. (2004). How Are Teachers Responding to Globalization. Social Education, 68(5), 354-359. North Carolina in the World: A Plan to Increase Student Knowledge and Skills about the World. (n.d.). North Carolina in the World. Retrieved December 14, 2009, from

  31. North Carolina in the World: Preparing North Carolina Teachers for an Interconnected World. (n.d.). North Carolina in the World. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from O'Brien, J., Grill, A., Schwarz, S., & Schlicht, J. (2006). Tracking Current Events: Using the Internet to Explore Unfolding Stories. Social Education, 70(3), 160-164. Olson, B. (n.d.). The Effect of Multicultural Training on PreserviceTeachers’ Attitudes Toward Multiculturalism and Cultural Diversity. Research Paper. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from Runte, R. (2001). Re-Educating Humankind: Globalizing the Curriculum and Teaching International Ethics for the New Century. Higher Education in Europe, 26(1), 40-46. Torney-Purta, J. (1982). The Global Awareness Survey: Implications for Teacher Education. Theory Into Practice, 21(3), 200-205. Tucker, J. (1982). Developing a Global Dimension in Teacher Education: The Florida International University Experience. Theory Into Practice, 21(3), 212-217. Tuomi, M. (2004). Planning Teachers' Professional Development for Global Education. Intercultural Education, 15(3), 295-306. Wartella, E., & Knell, G. (2004). Raising a World-Wise Child and the Power of Media: The Impact of Television on Children's Intercultural Knowledge. Phi Delta Kappan, 86(3), 222-224.