The Bill of RightsThe First 10 Amendments to the Constitution • Take notes on the slides as they appear. • Draw pictures to represent at least five of the amendments.
1st Amendment • The 1st Amendment guarantees freedom of religion, speech, the press, assembly, and petition. • This means that we all have the right to: • practice any religion we want to • to speak freely • to assemble (meet) • to address the government (petition) • to publish newspapers, TV, radio, Internet (press)
2nd Amendment • The 2nd Amendment protects the right to bear arms, which means the right to own a gun.
3rd Amendment • The 3rd Amendment says “No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.” • This means that we cannot be forced to house or quarter soldiers.
4th Amendment • The 4th Amendment protects the people from unreasonable searches and seizures. • This means that the police must have a warrant to enter our homes. It also means the government cannot take our property, papers, or us, without a valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason).
5th Amendment • The 5th Amendment protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicted, (accused) • You may not be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy) • You don’t have to testify against yourself in court. (Self-incrimination)
6th Amendment • The 6th Amendment guarantees a speedy trial (you can’t be kept in jail for over a year without a trial) • an impartial jury (doesn’t already think you are guilty) • that the accused can confront witnesses against them • the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer
7th Amendment • The 7th Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy civil trial. • A civil trial differs from a criminal trial. A civil trial is when someone sues someone else. A criminal trial is when the state tries to convict someone of a crime.
8th Amendment • The 8th Amendment guarantees that punishments will be fair and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set.
9th Amendment • All rights not stated in the Constitution and not forbidden by the Constitution belong to the people. • This means that the states can do what they want if the Constitution does not forbid it.
10th Amendment • The 10th Amendment states that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people.