Making Accommodations for Diverse Learners EEX 3257 Week 4
What are accommodations? • Changes made to accommodate the WAY students learn and/or HOW they are tested • Techniques / support systems that help students with special needs • Legal requirements for students with disabilities
What kind of problems might require accommodation? • Organizing information meaningfully • Relating new knowledge to old knowledge • Remembering large quantities of info • Breaking down complex concepts • Understanding abstract concepts • Analyzing to solve problems / draw conclusions • Motivation / seeing the importance of learning
Six Principles of Effective Instruction • Focus on big ideas • Use conspicuous strategies • Use mediated scaffolding • Make linkages obvious and explicit • Activate prior knowledge • Review for fluency / generalization
Input Instruction Materials Output Participation Assessment Rate Speed Amount Support Independent Group work What can you change?
When should I make accommodations? • Before Instruction • During Instruction • After Instruction
When should I make accommodations? (cont.) • Before Instruction • Planning in a different way • Graphic Organizers • Highlight big ideas • Connect ideas / concepts • Thematic Instruction • Combines content from different subject areas • Can make essential ideas more apparent and meaningful • Projects • Provides flexibility • Allows for differentiation • Grouping can vary
When should I make accommodations? (cont.) • During Instruction • Delivering instruction in a different way for different students • Instructional methods • Materials
When should I make accommodations?(cont.) • After Instruction • Review • Assessment
What are some simple accommodations I can use?(cont.) • Cover text so that only one portion shows at a time so it’s not overwhelming • Careful, simple, uncluttered worksheets • Fold paper into sections for each response • Mark paper to show where to start/stop; use smaller paper / variety of mediums • Study carrels / partitions • Duplication of materials - home / school • Reduce length or give more time
Last Thoughts... • Don’t do it alone… • ESE teacher • Speech / language / vision specialist • Guidance counselor • Parents • Students themselves • Reflect on your effort…it’s a JOURNEY
References • Chalmers, L. (1992). Modifying curriculum for the special needs student in the regular classroom. Moorehead, MN: Practical Press. • Florida Dept of Education (1999). Assisting students with disabilities: A guide for educators. Tallahassee, FL: Clearinghouse Information Center. • Kame’enui, E., et al. (2002). Effective teaching strategies that accommodate diverse learners. Columbus, OH: Merrill-Prentice Hall. • Wood, J. (2002). Adapting instruction to accommodate students in inclusive settings. Columbus, OH: Merrill-Prentice Hall.