Health and Safety for Beginners The Anatomy of an Accident/Hazardous Incident. By John Johnston AIIRSM www.healthandsafetytips.co.uk
Introduction There is a consensus amongst safety engineers that there are four distinct parts in the anatomy of an accident. • Contributing causes • Immediate causes • The accident • The results of the accident
Main Distinctions of an Accident Contributing Causes Immediate Causes The Four Main Areas Main Distinctions The Results of The Accident The Accident
Contributing CausesSupervisory safety Performance: • Safety instruction inadequate • Safety rules not enforced • Safety not planned as part of the job • Infrequent employee safety contacts • Hazards not corrected • Safety devices not provided
Contributing CausesMental Condition of Person: • Lack of safety awareness • Lack of coordination • Improper attitude • Slow mental reaction • Inattention • Lack of emotional stability • Nervous • Temperamental
Contributing CausesPhysical Condition of Person: • Extreme fatigue • Deaf • Poor eyesight • Physically unsuitable for the job • Heart condition • Physically unqualified for the job
Immediate Causes of AccidentsUnsafe Acts: • Protective equipment or guard provided but not used • Hazardous method of handling (failure to allow for sharp or slippery objects and pinch points, wrong lifting, loose grip, etc.) • Improper tools or equipment used although correct tools available • Hazardous movement (running, jumping, stepping on or climbing over, throwing, etc.) • horseplay
Immediate Causes of AccidentsUnsafe Conditions: • Ineffective safety device • No safety device although one is needed • Hazardous housekeeping (material on floor, poor piling, congested aisles) • Equipment, tools or machines defective • Improper dress or apparel for the job • Improper illumination or ventilation
The Accident • Fall • Slip • Slide • Strike against • Caught in or between • Erupt or explode • Burn
The Accident • CENTIPEDE: Contact, Entanglement, Nips & Traps, Impact & Projections, Ejections, Discharge & Environmental. • NECTRE: Noise & Vibration, Electricity, Chemical, Temperature, Radiation, Explosion
Results of The Accident • Annoyance • Production delays • Reduced quality • Spoilage • Minor injuries • Disabling injuries • Fatality • Costs – Legal, Production, Medical aid, Insurance premiums, Compensation, Investigation times, Defence times……..
SummaryContributing and Immediate Accident Causes It is all too easy to identify the contributing and immediate causes of an accident after it has occurred. The difficult part comes when you have to predict when an accident is likely to happen and what would be the probable outcome. When an accident does occur, it is an indication that someone along the line has not done a good job of accident prevention and unsafe acts and unsafe conditions have been created. The supervisor or safety officer will need to have a working knowledge of the fundamental steps that need to be taken to ensure effective control of the contributing causes of accidents.
Health and Safety for Beginners The Anatomy of an Accident/Hazardous Incident. By John Johnston AIIRSM www.healthandsafetytips.co.uk Thank you for viewing my presentation.