Systemic Interventions Family Counseling Theory and Practice
Premises of Family Therapy • Family therapy is viewed as an analogueof normal family development. • The therapeutic task is to help the family move from one stage of family development to a new stage where members' developmental needs are met. • The therapist joins the family by entering into their reality and becoming involved in the repeated interactions among family members that form the family's structure.
Premises for Family Therapy (2) • The therapist expands the family's range by challenging family rules, fostering boundary reorganization, prompting conflict resolution, supporting greater individuation of family members, and co-creating alternative realities. • The therapist monitors change processes and helps family members integrate emerging patterns into more stable levels of functioning.
Knowing the Family • The therapist accommodatesto the family and begins to know the family experientially; • Tracks content and learns about the family issues; • Conducts experiments through probes and challenges to assess the flexibility of family patterns; and • Abstracts from the "data" a model of the family's structure and patterns of interaction.
Joining Imparting a Systemic View Making Rules Known Making Relationships/Structure Known Enactment Circular questioning Unbalancing Triangulation/Detriangulation Boundary-making Basic Techniques
Second Order Techniques • Reframing • Relabeling • Paradoxical Techniques • Restraining • Prescribing the symptom
Additional Techniques • Search for Strengths • Storytelling • Family-of-Origin Voyages • Genograms • Communication of feelings • Others
Therapist Awareness • Your Role/Position/Function in the Family • Your Family of Origin Issues • Generally • Unresolved • Cultural Factors (yours and theirs) • Other Systems