Shinto Sia, Natalie, Michelle, Calvin, Amin and Lester
What is Shinto? Shinto is a general term of the activities of the Japanese people to worship all the deities of heaven and earth. Number of Adherents of Shinto Shinto is a fairly small religious group compare to any other ones. Since it is a small group, and is practiced in Japan mainly, there are only 4 million adherents around the world.
Influence in the 21st century Japanese socio-cultural identity and its people is broadly shaped by Shinto. The obvious impact on national holidays, community festivals, and familial rites, and national self-sufficiency in food etc.
Religious Significance The influence of Shinto on Japanese culture cannot be overestimated. It is clear that the spirit of being one with nature that gave rise to this religion underlies such typically Japanese arts as flower-arranging and traditional Japanese architecture and garden design. A more explicit link to Shinto is seen in sumo wrestling: to purify the wrestling arena, they sprinkling salt. It is still very common for Japanese to say, "Itadakimasu" before eating, and the Japanese emphasis on proper greetings can be seen as a continuation of the ancient Shinto belief in kotodama (words with a magical effect on the world).
Shinto Today • Adherents of Shinto seek support from Shinto by praying at a home altar or by visiting the shrines. A whole range of talismans is available at shrines for traffic safety, good health, business success, safe deliveries, good exam performance and more. A large number of wedding ceremonies are also held in Shinto style these days.
Practices, Rituals and Ceremonies • Miyamairi – similar to an infant baptism • Child is taken to a shrine by their parents and grandparents where a Shinto priest prays for good health and happiness for the baby • Takes place a month after the baby’s birth; 31st days for boys, 32nd days for girls • Shichi Go San – also known as the 7-5-3 festival and takes place on November 15th • Girls aged 7 and 3, and boys aged 5 dress in traditional clothing and visit the shrine where girls, 3, and boys, 5, are formally welcomed into the community and girls, 7, are welcomed into womanhood • Seijinshiki or Seijin no Hi – Shinto ‘coming of age’ ceremony for people who have turned 20 • Takes place on the second Monday of January
Hatsumode – the first visit to the shrine of the new year • People give thanks for protection over the past year and ask for blessing of continual protection for the year to come • Weddings – take place in hotels or ceremony halls that are specially designed for weddings with a shrine altar • Led by a Shinto priest • San-san-kudo is a special Shinto wedding ritual: sake is poured into three cups. The groom is first to sip the cups three times, and then the bride does the same after the groom. When the ritual is complete, the couple is officially wedded under Shinto
Place of Origin Shinto formally means “ Way of the Gods”. It became Japan’s ancient religion approximately at 500BCE. Shinto’s origin comes from worshipping nature called "Kami." These include: trees, water, rain, fertility, wind , spirits, mountains, plants, animals, and many more. Amaterasu, the sun goddess, is the most important kami.
It is an optimistic faith, and there is no right or wrong. They have rituals to keep evil spirits away, purity, offerings, prayers, and festivals. They do festivals, also known as “matsuri” regularly to show Kami’s their outside world. There are about 3 to 4 million adherents worldwide.
Torri and Komainu Symbols and Images Torri • One or more torii gates mark the approach and entrance to a shrine. They come in various colors and are made of various materials. Most torii, however are made of wood, and many are painted orange and black. • Komainu are a pair of guardian dogs or lions, often found on each side of a shrine's entrance. In the case of Inari Shrines, they are foxes (see picture) rather than dogs. Komainu
Purification through the Stage and Shimenawa Purification through • Found near the entrance, the water of these fountains is used for purification. You are supposed to clean your hands and mouth before approaching the main hall. Stage • Stages for bugaku dance or no theater performances can be found at some shrines. • A shimenawa is a straw rope with white zigzag paper strips (gohei). It marks the boundary to something sacred and can be found on torii gates, around sacred trees and stones, etc. A rope similar to the shimenawa is also worn by yokozuna, the highest ranked sumo wrestlers, during ritual ceremonies. Shimenawa
Ema and Omikuji • Shrine visitors write their wishes on these wooden plates and then leave them at the shrine in the hope that their wishes come true. Most people wish for good health, success in business, passing entrance exams, love or wealth. Ema Omikuji • Omikuji are fortune telling paper slips found at many shrines and temples. Randomly drawn, they contain predictions ranging from daikichi ("great good luck") to daikyo ("great bad luck"). By tying the piece of paper around a tree's branch, good fortune will come true or bad fortune can be averted.
Founder • This ancient Japanese religion doesn't have a founder. • Instead it is a polytheism • Shinto there are multiple “Kami" which means god in Japanese that people believe in
Key Characters • Emperor Meiji made Shinto the State religion in 1868. • Izanami and Izanagi were given a spear and task by god to create land. • Before they died they created the god of sun, moon and storm.
SHINTO Beliefs • Shinto believes and tells of the history and lives of the "Kami" (deities). • The word "Kami" is generally translated "god" or "gods • There are no concepts which compare to the Christian beliefs in the wrath of God • or the separation of God from humanity due to sin • natural objects and creatures "food to rivers to rocks."
About 84% of the population of Japan follow two religions: both Shinto and Buddhism Asia, Christianity is very much a minority religion two religions share a basic optimism about human nature, and for the world Shinto does not have as fully developed a theology as do most other religions. It does not have its own moral code. Shintoists generally follow the code of Confucianism All of humanity is regarded as "Kami's child." Thus all human life and human nature is sacred Morality is based upon that which is of benefit to the group. "Shinto emphasizes right practice, sensibility, and attitude There are “ThreeAffirmations“ in Shinto -Tradition and the family -Love of nature -Physical cleanliness
Draw-a-Straw <The Shinto Game> RULES: 1) 3 names are randomly called. 2) Each person draws a straw. 3) The one who gets the lined, numbered straw can guess the answer. (in order) 4) The first person can pick the question. 5) If the first person don’t get it right, the second-person can guess 6) Whoever gets the right answer gets the prize.
There are going to be eight questions. 運を祈ります! (Oon-oh Eenori-mas!) (Good Luck!)